JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of the Chemical Treatment and Fiber Length of Kenaf on Physical Properties of HDPE/Kenaf/Expandable Microcapsule
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Applied Chemistry for Engineering
  • Volume 27, Issue 3,  2016, pp.270-275
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
  • DOI : 10.14478/ace.2016.1026
 Title & Authors
Effect of the Chemical Treatment and Fiber Length of Kenaf on Physical Properties of HDPE/Kenaf/Expandable Microcapsule
Ku, Sun Gyo; Lee, Jong Won; Kim, Youn Cheol;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
High density polyethylene (HDPE)/kenaf fiber (KF) composites included two types of KF with different lengths were fabricated by using a twin screw extruder. A thermally expandable microcapsule (EMC) was used to form HDPE/KF. The KF lengths were 0.3 mm and 3 mm. The contents of KF and EMC were fixed at 20 wt% and 5 wt%, respectively. From FT-IR data of KF, which underwent chemical treatment, peaks around 1700 and decreased. This might be caused by the reduction of lignin and hemicellulose due to the chemical treatment of KF. Based on the specific gravity, thermal stability and tensile property, physical properties of the composites with a 3 mm fiber were good. However, if the fiber is longer, poor appearance might be caused due to the thermal degradation during processing. Thus, the adequate length of KF should be chosen to maintain the appearance and physical properties for industrial applications of HDPE/KF/EMC composites. The tensile strength for 0.3 mm fiber treated with chemicals increased slightly.
 Keywords
kenaf fiber length;chemical treatment;expandable microcapsule;HDPE;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
J. W. Sikora, V. Levytskyi, V. Moravskyi, and H. Gerlach, Twin screw extrusion with expancel foaming agent, J. Polym. Eng., 6, 33-37 (2013).

2.
C. Tissandier1, R. C. Vazquez Fletes, R. Gonzalez-Nunez, and D. Rodrigue, Microcellular agave fibre-high density polyethylene composites produced by injection molding, J. Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 11, 677-684 (2009).

3.
S. B. Kwak, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Lee, S. H. Yun, S. H. Kim, and J. Y. Lee, Development of door trim by integration process using eco uni-material, Confer. Korean Soc. Autom. Eng., 2491-2497 (2011).

4.
H. P. S. Abdul Khaili, I. U. H. Bhat, M. Jawaid, A. Zaidon, D. Hermawan, and Y. S. Hadi, Bamboo fibre reinforced biocomposites : A review, Mater. Des., 42, 353-368 (2012). crossref(new window)

5.
H. M. Akil, M. F. Omar, A. A. M. Mazuki, S. Safiee, Z. A. M. Ishak, and A. A. Bakar, Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: A review, Mater. Des., 32, 4107-4121 (2011). crossref(new window)

6.
J. W. Lee, S. G. Ku, B. H. Lee, K. W. Lee, C. W. Kim, K. S. Kim, and Y. C. Kim, Effect of the compatibilizer on physical properties of polypropylene/bamboo fiber composites, Appl. Chem. Eng., 26, 615-620 (2015). crossref(new window)

7.
P. W. Balasuriya, L. Ye, Y.-W. Mai, and J. Wu, Mechanical properties of wood flake-polyethylene composites. II. Interface modification, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 81, 2505-2521 (2002).

8.
Z. X. Zhang, D. L. Chen, K. H. Kwak, Z. X. Xim, and J. K. Kim, Effects of compatibilizers on the physico-mechanical and foaming properties of polyproylene/wood-fiber composites, J. Vinyl Addit. Technol., 19, 250-257 (2013). crossref(new window)

9.
T. Panuikallio, J. Kasanen, M. Suvanto, and T. Pakkanen, Influence of maleated polypropylene on mechanical properties of composites made of viscose fiber and polypropylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 87, 1895-1900 (2003). crossref(new window)

10.
T. Kuboki, Y. H. Lee, C. B. Park, and M. Sain, Mechanical properties and foaming behavior of cellulose fiber reinforced high-density polyethylene composites, Polym. Eng. Sci., 49, 2179-2188 (2009). crossref(new window)

11.
G. Guo, Y. H. Lee, G. M. Rizvi, and C. B. Park, Influence of wood fiber size on extrusion foaming of wood fiber/HDPE composites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 107, 3505-3511 (2008). crossref(new window)

12.
M. S. Meon, M. F. Othman, H. Husain, M. F. Remeli, and M. S. M. Syawal, Improving tensile properties of Kenaf fibers treated with sodium hydroxide, Procedia Eng., 41, 1587-1592 (2012). crossref(new window)

13.
Z, Shi, Q. Yang, J. Cai, S. Kuga, and Y. Matsumoto, Effects of lignin and hemicellulose contents on dissolution of wood pulp in aqueous NaOH/urea solution, Cellulose, 21, 1205-1215 (2014). crossref(new window)

14.
G. Xu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Wu, FT-IR and XPS analysis of the changes in bamboo chemical structure decayed by white-rot and brown-rot fungi, Appl. Surf. Sci., 280, 199-805 (2013).

15.
T. Ozawa, Kinetics of non-isothermal crystallization, Polymer, 12, 150-158 (1971). crossref(new window)