Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Women`s Pant Pattern Design According to the Style Using 3D Body Scan Data
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Women`s Pant Pattern Design According to the Style Using 3D Body Scan Data
Yoon, Mi Kyung; Nam, Yun Ja;
  PDF(new window)
This study develops pant patterns using body shape, measurement and shell mesh data to decide optimal women`s pants according to styles with excellent size, fit and shape for different individuals and silhouettes. Standard landmarks, lines, triangles and structures were set on a 3D scanned lower body shell to represent women in their twenties and flattened as a 2D pattern. Patterns were created and analyzed according to culotte, formal, slacks and tight type considering crotch shape, location of the crotch point, and adjusting waist darts. Flattened patterns were rotated to compare existing methods. The crease lines were then set through the hip protrusion point and compared. The main factor of the pant pattern were extracted, total rise, crotch depth, crotch width, angle of center line, shape of the center line curve, the thigh width, the amount of waist dart, and crease line position. With going tight style from the culotte, the fits are closer to the figure with minimized thigh circumference, the dart amount decreases, the crotch depth increases, the crotch extensions were shorter, and the angle of the center back increased. The total rise is U shape for culotte and is closer to V shape as the silhouette tightens. T-test of appearance evaluation of the developed pant pattern were conducted after analyzing measurements and shapes of each styles. The results of the developed patterns were superior to existing patterns in accordance to hip line between body and pants as well as appearance evaluation. We found systematic mechanisms among pattern factors that create various pant silhouettes. Evidence on classification of the silhouettes of traditional types of pants were explained objectively through the process of playing out 3D forms.
3D scan data;Flattening;Pants pattern;Mass customization;Pants style;
 Cited by
Identification of the Relationship between Surface Variations of Lower Body Parts by Movement Using 3D Scan Data : A Focus on Women Aged 20 to 24 Years, Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, 2017, 67, 3, 81  crossref(new windwow)
AccuMark. (2015). Gerber Technology. Retrieved July 6, 2015, from

Armstrong, H. J. (2005). Patternmaking for fashion design (4th ed.). New York, NY: Prentice Hall.

Fitfinder. (2014). Lee. Retrieved July 6, 2015, from

Fralix, M. T. (2001). From mass production to mass customization. Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, 1(2), 1-7.

Haka Schnittkonstruktionen Hosen [Haka Cut Construction pants]. (2012). Munchen: Muller & Sohn.

Hirasawa, K. (1987). Somatic factors in the basic pattern by flat-pattern method (Part 2) Basic skirt (Elderly women). Journal of Home Economics of Japan, 38(1), 47-52.

Jeong, Y., & Hong, K. (2006). Development of 2D tight-fitting pattern from 3D scan data. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 30(1), 157-166.

Kang, T. J., & Kim, S. M. (2000). Optimized garment pattern generation based on three-dimensional anthropometric measurement. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 12(4), 240-254. doi:10.1108/09556220010373043 crossref(new window)

Kim, S. M. (2002). Development of an integrated three-dimensional garment CAD system. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul.

Kim, S. M., & Park, C. K. (2007). Basic garment pattern generation using geometric modeling method. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 19(1), 7-17. doi:10.1108/09556220710717017 crossref(new window)

Korea Agency for Technology and Standards. (2004). 5차 한국인 인체치수 조사사업 [5th Size Korea national sizing survey in South Korea]. Size Korea. Retrieved October 6, 2013, from

Lee, H., & Hong, K. (2005). Development of a fitted bodice pattern using a 3D replica of women's upper body. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 29(7), 1008-1017.

Lee, H. S., & Nam, Y. J. (2007). Patternmaking for ready-towear. Seoul: Kyohakyeongusa.

McCartney, J., Hinds, B. K., & Chong, K. W. (2005). Pattern flattening for orthotropic materials. Computer-Aided Design, 37(6), 631-644. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2004.09.006 crossref(new window)

Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. (2005). 3차원 인체형상을 이용한 여자 다기능성 의복생산용 바디 개발 [Development multifunctional body form of a representative type of woman using 3D data for garment manufacture]. Seoul: Author.

Park, J., Choi, K. M., Nam, Y., & Lee, Y. (2008). Gender and age differences in attitude toward 3-D body scanning. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 32 (8), 1244-1254. crossref(new window)

Park, J. K., & Lim, W. J. (1994). A study on the ease of the total crotch length of slacks. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 18(5), 602-614.

Yoon, M. K., & Nam, Y. J. (2009). A study on the classification of the women's pants silhouettes by their pattern construction. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 33(5), 741-751. crossref(new window)

Yoon, M. K., Nam, Y. J., & Choi, K. M. (2007). 2D lower body flat pattern of the women in their twenties using 3D scan data. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 31(5), 692-704. crossref(new window)

3D Suite. (2014). Optitex. Retrieved October 6, 2014, from