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A Study on the Giuseppe Terragni`s Sant`Elia Nursery School - Focused on the Flexibility and Openness in the Modern Educitional Facility -
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 Title & Authors
A Study on the Giuseppe Terragni`s Sant`Elia Nursery School - Focused on the Flexibility and Openness in the Modern Educitional Facility -
Cho, Sung-Yong;
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 Abstract
The purpose of this study is to analyze the `Sant`Elia Nursery School` constructed in 1937 at Como, Italy. Giuseppe Terragni(1904-1943) is, as it well known, one of the representative architects in the period of Italian rationalism architecture. In particular, his `Casa del Fascio(1928~1936)` is evaluated as a representative work of this period. The research is based on the original drawings and letters, mostly produced by G. Terragni himself. Through the analyze on the design process, the research tries to reveal Terragni`s design method and strategy, especially in the educational facility project. There are at least four deferent phases in the Terragni`s design process; in each phase, there are fundamental changes such as a structural grid system, relationships between skin and columns or spatial sequences. Establishment of a new guideline on the educational facility in 1925 is also an another important issue. There was a political need, during the period of Mussolini`s regime, to find a model of educational facilities. So, this project reflects not only the Terragni`s design process but also the good example of educational facility in the early Twenty Century in Europe.
 Keywords
Giuseppe Terragni;Sant`Elia Nursery School;Italian Rationalism;Educational Facility;Modern Architecture;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
G. Ciucci, Giuseppe Terragni, Electa, 1996, pp. 453-464

2.
Thomas L. Schumacher, Surface & Symbol. Giuseppe Terragni and the Architecture of Italian Rationalism, Princeton Architectural Press, 1991, pp.246-251

3.
Liugi Secchi, Edifici scolastici italiani primari e secondari, Norme tecnico-igieniche per lo studio dei progetti, Hoepli, Milano 1927

4.
Attilio Tterragni, Daniel Libeskind, Paolo Rossellinithe, Terragni Atlas. Built Architectures, Skira, Milano 2004, pp.62-117

5.
Daniele Vitale, Asilo Infantile Sant'Elia, Rassegna 11, pp.46-49

6.
Cho. Sung-Yong, A Study on the architectural characteristics of Casa GIL(L. Moretti, 1936) in Rome, Journal of the Korea Institute of Youth Facility and Environment, vol.8 n.4 , 2010. 11., pp.121-129

7.
Kim, Eui-Yong, A Study on the Modernity and Historicity of Italian Rationalism Architecture, Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, vo.19 n.4, 2003.4., pp.117-124