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Germ Cell Development During Spermatogenesis and Some Characteristics of Mature Sperm Morphology in Male Scapharca subcrenata (Pteriomorphia: Arcidae) in Western Korea
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 27, Issue 2,  2011, pp.121-129
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2011.27.2.121
 Title & Authors
Germ Cell Development During Spermatogenesis and Some Characteristics of Mature Sperm Morphology in Male Scapharca subcrenata (Pteriomorphia: Arcidae) in Western Korea
Chung, Ee-Yung; Kim, Jin-Hee; Kim, Sung-Han; Seo, Won-Jae;
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 Abstract
The ultrastructural characteristics of germ cell development during spermatogenesis and mature sperm morphology of in male Scapharca subcrenata were investigated by transmission electron microscope observation. Spermatogonia are located nearest the outer wall of the acinus, while spermatocytes and spermatids are positioned near the accessory cells. The accessory cells, which is in close contact with developing germ cells, contained a large quantity of glycogen particles and lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. Therefore, it is assumed that they are involved in supplying of the nutrients for germ cell development. The morphologies of the sperm nucleus and the acrosome of this species are the oval shape and cone shape, respectively. Spermatozoa are approximately 45- in length including a sperm nucleus (about in length), an acrosome (about in length), and tail flagellum (about 43-). The axoneme of the sperm tail shows a 9 + 2 structure. As some characteristics of the acrosomal vesicle structures, the right and left basal rings show electron opaque part (region), and also the anterior apex part of the acrosomal vesicle shows electron opaque part (region). These characteristics of the acrosomal vesicle were found in Acinidae and other several families in subclass Pteriomorphia. These common characteristics of the acrosomal vesicle in subclass Pteriomorphia can be used for phylogenetic and taxonomic analysis as a taxonomic key or a significant tool. The number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm of this species are five, as one of common characteristics appear in most species in Arcidae and other families in subclass Pteriomorphia. The acrosomal vesicles of Arcidae species do not contain the axial rod and several transverse bands in acrosome, unlkely as seen in Ostreidae species in subclass Pteriomorphia, These characteristics can be used for the taxonomic analysis of the family or superfamily levels as a systematic key or tools.
 Keywords
Scapharca subcrenata;spermatogenesis;germ cell;mature sperm morphology;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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