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Spermiogenesis and Taxonomic Value of Sperm Morphologies of Two Species in Veneridae (Bivalvia: Heterodonta)
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 27, Issue 2,  2011, pp.149-157
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2011.27.2.149
 Title & Authors
Spermiogenesis and Taxonomic Value of Sperm Morphologies of Two Species in Veneridae (Bivalvia: Heterodonta)
Kim, Jin-Hee; Kim, Sung-Han;
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 Abstract
Some characteristics of the formations of acrosomal vesicles during the late stage of spermatids during spermiogenesis and taxonomical charateristics of sperm morphology in male two species (Saxidomus purpurata and Meretrix petechialis) in the family Veneridae were investigated by electron microscope observations. In two species, the morphologies of the spermatozoa have the primitive type and are similar to those of other bivalves in that it contains a short midpiece with five mitochondria surrounding the centrioles. The morphologies of the sperm nuclear types of S. purpurata and M. petechialis in Veneridae have the curved cylindrical and cylinderical type, respectively. And the acrosome shapes of two species are the same cap-shape type. In particular, the axial filament is not found in the lumen of the acrosome of two species, however, subacrosomal material are observed in the subacrosomal spaces between the anterior nuclear fossa and the acrosomal vesicle of two species. The spermatozoon of S. purpurata is approximately 46- in length, including a curved sperm nucleus (about in length), a long acrosome (about in length),and a tail flagellum (about 45- long). And the spermatozoon of M. petechialis is approximately 47- in length including a slightly curved sperm nucleus (about in length), an acrosome (about in length) and tail flagellum (44- in length). In two species, the axoneme of the sperm tail flagellum of each species consists of nine pairs of microtubules at the periphery and a pair of cental doublets at the center. Therefore, the axoneme of the sperm tail flagellum shows a 9 + 2 structure. In particular, taxonomically important some charateristics of sperm morphologies of two species in the family Veneridae are acrosomal morphology of the sperm, The axial filament is not found in the acrosome as seen in a few species of the family Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta. The acrosomal vesicle is composed of right, left basal rings and the apex part of the acrosomal vesicle. In particular, right and left basal rings show electron opaque part (region), while the apex part of the acrosomal vesicle shows electron lucent part (region). These charateristics belong to the subclass Heterodonta, unlikely a characteristic of the subclass Pteriomorphia showing all part of the acrosome being composed of electron opaque part (region). Therefore, it is easy to distinguish the families or the subclasses by the acrosomal structures. The number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm of S. purpurata and M. petechialis in Veneridae are five. However, the number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm in most species of Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta are four. Therefore, the number of mitochondria of the sperm midpiece of two species are exceptionally 5, and it is only exceptional case in the species in Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta. Except these cases, the number of mitochondria in the sperm midpiece in all families in the subclass Heterodontaare are 4, and now widely used in taxonomic analyses.
 Keywords
Saxidomus purpurata;Meretrix petechialis;spermiogenesis;sperm morphology;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Germ Cell Differentiations During Spermatogenensis and Taxonomic Values of Mature Sperm Morphology of Pinctada martensii (Bivalvia, Pteriomorphia, Pteriidae),;;;

한국패류학회지, 2011. vol.27. 3, pp.273-282 crossref(new window)
1.
Germ Cell Differentiations During Spermatogenensis and Taxonomic Values of Mature Sperm Morphology of Pinctada martensii (Bivalvia, Pteriomorphia, Pteriidae), The Korean Journal of Malacology, 2011, 27, 3, 273  crossref(new windwow)
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