Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Geochemical Characteristics and Heavy Metal Pollutions in the Surface Sediments of Oyster Farms in Goseong Bay, Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 28, Issue 3,  2012, pp.233-244
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.3.233
 Title & Authors
Geochemical Characteristics and Heavy Metal Pollutions in the Surface Sediments of Oyster Farms in Goseong Bay, Korea
Kang, Ju-Hyun; Lee, Sang-Jun; Jeong, Woo-Geon; Cho, Sang-Man;
  PDF(new window)
Goseong bay, located in southeast sea of Korea with an area of 2,100 ha, is a semi-enclosed bay well-known for oyster farming cultured in an extended range of 148 ha. The objective of this study is to provide the fundamental data in order to manage the effective sea area. A total 26 of surface sediment were collected from Goseong bay to evaluate their sedimentary environment and heavy metals. The loss on Ignition (LOI), C/N ratio, acid volatile sulfide (AVS) and heavy metals were analyzed. loss on ignition (LOI) of surface sediment range from 1.00% to 3.03% (average 2.00%). The carbonate content ranges from 0.52% to 4.29% (average 2.37%). C/N ratio of organic matter showed that most part of organic matter comes from neighboring continent. Acid volatile sulfide (AVS) value of surface sediment from 0.02 mg/g to 1.43 mg/g (average 0.24 mg/g). A ten element of surface sediments (Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, V, Zn) were calculated by enrichment factor (Ef) and the results show that some areas are highly polluted with respect Cu and Hg. The correlation matrix displays the existence of remarkable levels of correlation with both positive and negative values among different variable pairs. LOI and AVS showed both positive values. LOI and AVS values falls under 2% and 1%. Therefore, Goseong bay showed good in quality of sediment.
Goseong Bay;oyster farm;sedimentary environment;heavy metal;enrichment factor;
 Cited by
남해 연안 피조개 (Scapharca broughtonii) 양식장의 환경특성,최윤석;정춘구;

한국패류학회지, 2016. vol.32. 3, pp.149-155 crossref(new window)
태안 남해포 갯벌 패류양식해역의 환경특성,최윤석;박광재;윤상필;정상옥;안경호;송재희;

한국패류학회지, 2013. vol.29. 1, pp.51-63 crossref(new window)
서해 연안 황도와 정산포 바지락 양식장의 환경특성,최윤석;송재희;윤상필;정상옥;안경호;박광재;

한국패류학회지, 2014. vol.30. 2, pp.117-126 crossref(new window)
인천 H항 표층 퇴적물의 오염도 평가,김정호;남세용;

해양환경안전학회지, 2014. vol.20. 5, pp.504-510 crossref(new window)
안정만 패류양식해역의 표층퇴적물의 지화학적특성과 중금속 함량,정우건;조상만;이상준;

한국패류학회지, 2014. vol.30. 4, pp.421-428 crossref(new window)
국내 가공 해조류와 미가공 김의 중금속 함량 및 식품 안전성평가,양원호;이효진;이상용;김성길;김기범;

한국해양환경ㆍ에너지학회지, 2016. vol.19. 3, pp.203-210 crossref(new window)
The Geochemical Characteristics and Environmental Factors on the Marine Shellfish Farm in Namhae-po Tidal Flat of Taean, The Korean Journal of Malacology, 2013, 29, 1, 51  crossref(new windwow)
The Environmental Characteristics and Factors on the Cultured manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) at Hwangdo and Jeongsanpo of Taean in the West coast of Korea, The Korean Journal of Malacology, 2014, 30, 2, 117  crossref(new windwow)
Physiochemical Characteristics and Heavy Metal in the Surface Sediments of Marine Shellfish Farming Waters in Anjung Bay, Korea, The Korean Journal of Malacology, 2014, 30, 4, 421  crossref(new windwow)
Heavy Metal Contents and Food Safety Assessment of Processed Seaweeds and Cultured Lavers, Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment and Energy, 2016, 19, 3, 203  crossref(new windwow)
경상남도. 1997. 경상남도 특별관리어장 정화사업 기본조사 및 실시설계 용역 최종보고서 (고성만) : 23.

해양수산부. 2005. 수산물생산해역 안전평가 연구보고서 : 3.

해양수산부. 2007. 해양환경공정법 : 154-164.

Cho, C.H., Yang, H.S., Park, K.Y. and Youm, M.K. (1982) Study on Bottom Mud of Shellfish Farms in Jinhae Bay. Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15(1): 35-41.

Cho, Y.G., Lee, C.B. and Choi, M.S. (1994) Characteristics of Heavy Metal Distribution in Surface Sediments from the south Sea of Korea. The Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography, 29(4): 338-356.

Cho, Y.G., Lee, C.B. and Koh, C.H. (2000) Heavy Metals in Surface Sediments from Kwangyang Bay, South Coast of Korea . The Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography, 5(2): 131-140.

Cho, H.S., Chang, S.W., Kim, Y.O. and Seo, J.H. (2001) Seasonal Fluctuations of Seawater Quality and Sediment Environment of Jinju Bay. Journal of Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering, 11: 185-190.

CALVERT S. E. and PEDERSEN T. F. (1993). Geochemistry of recent oxic and anoxic marine sediments: implications for the geological record. Marine Geology, 113(1): 67 - 88. crossref(new window)

EPA, (1999). Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). National Center for Environmental Assessment.

Forstner, U. (1981). Metal concentrations in river, lake and ocean water. In: Metal pollution (Forstner, U. and Wittmann, G. T. W.) : 71-109.

Forstner, U. and Wittman, G. T. W.(1983). Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment. Springer Verlag press : 486.

Hwang, D.W., Jin, H.G., Kim, S.S., Kim, J.D., Park, J.S. and Kim, S.G. (2006) Distribution of Organic Matters and Metallic Elements in the surface Sediments of Masan Harbor, Korea. Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 39(2): 106-117. crossref(new window)

Hyun, S.M., Lee, T.H., Choi, J.S., Choi, D.L. and Woo, H.J. (2003) Geochemical Characteristics and Heavy Metal Pollutions in the Surface Sediments of Gwangyang and Yeosu Bay, south coast of Korea. Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography, 8(4): 380-391.

Jeon, S.K., Cho, Y.G. (2002) Some heavy metal concentration of surface sediments from the southwestern coast of Korea. Journal of the Korean Environmental Scince Society, 11(12): 1299-1305.

Kim, K.Y. (2002) A study on physico-chemical environmental characteristics and the behavior of materials in sediment in Kamak Bay. Ph. D. Thesis. Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan.

Kim, K.T., Kim, E.S., Cho, S.R., Park, J.K., Kim, J.K., and Lee, J.M. (2008) Distribution of TOC and metals in the surface sediments of the Lake Shihwa. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, 5:159-164

Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (2006) Environmental risk assessment of the special manegement areas in the South Sea of Korea.

Muller, P. J.(1977). C/N ratios in Pacific deep-sea sediments: Effect of inorganic ammonium and organic nitrogen compounds sorbed by clays. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta press, 41(6): 765-776. crossref(new window)

Muller, G.(1979). Schwernetalle in den Sedimenten des Rheins-Verderyngen Seit. Umxchau press, 79: 778-783.

Martin, J.M. and Meybeck, M.(1979). Elemental mass-balance of material carried by major world rivers. Marine Chemistry press, 7: 173-206. crossref(new window)

Morford, J. L., Russell, A. D. and Emerson, S. (2001). Trace Metal Evidence for Changes in Redox Conditions Across Transitions From Terrigenous Clay to Diatomaceous Sediment, Saanich Inlet, B.C. Marine Geology, 174(1): 341-354. crossref(new window)

Morillo, J. (2004). Heavy metal distribution in marine sediments from the southwest coast of Spain. In Pollution and Environmen tal Issues(Usero, J. and Gracia, I.). Chemosphere press, 55: 431-442. crossref(new window)

Noh, I.H. (2002) The Distribution of organic matter and its origin in sediment in Gamak Bay, Southern Korea. MS Thesis. Yosu National University, Yosu.

Romankevich, E. A.(1984). Geochemistry of Organic Matter in the Ocean. Springer Verlag press: 334.

Ricken, W.(1993). Sedimentation as a Three-Component System, Organic carbon, Carbonate Noncarbonate. Springer Verlag press: 211.

Rubio, B., Nombela, M. A. and Vilas, F. (2000) Geochemistry of major and tracer elements in sediments of the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain): an assessment of metal pollution. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40: 968-980. crossref(new window)

Szefer, P. and Kaliszan, R. (1993) Distribution of elements in sediment cores of the Southern Baltic from the point of view of principal component analysis. Studia 1 Materialy Oceanogeczne NR., 64(1): 95-102.

Soares, H. M. V. M., Boaventura, R. A. R., Machado, A. A. S. C. and Esteves da Silva, J. C. G. (1999) Sediments as monitors of heavy metal contamination in the Ave river basin (Portugal): multivariate analysis of data. Environmental Pollution, 105: 311-323. crossref(new window)

Shin, P. K. S. and Lam, W. K. C. (2001) Development of a marine sediment pollution index. Environmental Pollution, 113: 281-291. crossref(new window)

Vogt, N. B. (1990) Multivariate ecotoxicological mapping of the relationships between sediment chemical composition and fauna diversity. Science of The Total Environment, 90: 149-161. crossref(new window)

Youm, M.G., Kwon, Y.T and Jung, T.S. (2004) Statistical Characteristics of Grain Size Distribution in Sediments of Masan Bay. Institute for Environmental Research of Kyungnam University, 27: 93-103.

Yoon, Y.H., Park, J.M. (1992) On the organic pollution of the inner part of Kwangyang Bay in lower temperature seasons. Bulletin of The Marine Sciences Institute Yosu National Fisheries University, 1: 55-67

Yoon, Y.H. (2000) A Study on the Distributional Characteristic of Organic Matters on the Surface Sediments and Its Origin in Keogeum-sudo, Southern Part of Korean Peninsula. Journal of the Korean Environmental Scince Society, 9(2): 137-144.

Yokoyama, H. (1995) Macrobenthic assemblages in Omura Bay-1 : Community parameters versus bottom environmental factors, Bulletin of National Research Institute of Aquaculture, 24: 43-53.