JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Three Microalgal Species on Growth and Survival of Larvae and Spat of Ark Shell Scapharca broughtonii
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 28, Issue 4,  2012, pp.293-303
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.4.293
 Title & Authors
Effect of Three Microalgal Species on Growth and Survival of Larvae and Spat of Ark Shell Scapharca broughtonii
Min, Byeong-Hee; Kim, Byeong-Hak; Kwon, O-Nam; Park, Heum-Gi; Hur, Sung Bum;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Growth and survival (%) of the larvae and spats of Scapharca broughtonii fed on three different microalgal species (Isochrysis galbana, Pavlova lutheri and Chaetoceros simplex) were investigated with the analysis of fatty acid composition. The larvae fed on mixed diet with three microalgal species showed the highest growth in shell length () and survival (). The growth and survival (%) of the larvae fed on the single diet with C. simplex were significantly higher than those of the larvae fed on I. galbana or P. lutheri (P < 0.05). The growth and survival (%) of S. broughtonii spats reared for 30 days were also highest in the mixed diet group with and , respectively, and followed by C. simplex, I. galbana and P. lutheri. With respect to composition of fatty acid of the single or mixed microalgal diet, the content of PUFA and n-3 HUFA were the highest in C. simplex. This result can be considered as the reason for high growth and survival (%) of the larvae and the spats. C. simplex was the best species as the single diet, but the mixed diet with three microalgal species showed better dietary value than single diet did for the larvae and spat of S. broughtonii.
 Keywords
Ark Shell;Scapharca broughtonii;Larvae and Spat;Microalgal Diets;Growth and Survival;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ballantine, J.A., Lavis, A. and Morris, R.J. (1979) Sterols of the phytoplankton-effects of illumination and growth stage. Phytochemistry, 18: 1459-1466. crossref(new window)

2.
Brown, M.R., Jeffrey, S.W. and Garland, C.D. (1989) Nutritional aspects of microalgae used in mariculture: a literature review. C.S.I.R.O Marine Laboratories Report 205. C.S.I.R.O., Australia, 44pp.

3.
Brown, M.R., Jeffrey, S.W., Volkman, J.K. and Dunstan, G.A. (1997) Nutritional properties of microalgae for mariculture. Aquaculture, 151: 315-331. crossref(new window)

4.
Castell, J.D., Bell, J.G., Tocher, D.R. and Sargent, J.R. (1994) Effects of purified diets containing different combinations of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid on survival, growth and fatty acid composition of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). Aquaculture, 128: 315-333. crossref(new window)

5.
Cheong, S.C., Kang, H.W. and Lee, J.M. (1982) Experiments on the early artificial seedling production of ark shell Anadara broughtonii (SCHRENCK). Bulletin of the national Fisheries Research and Development, 28: 185-197. [in Korean]

6.
Coultate, T.P. (1989) Food : the chemistry of its components. Royal Society of Chemistry Editiors, Letchworth, Herts (England), 325pp.

7.
Delaunay, F., Marty, Y., Moal, J. and Samain, J.F. (1992) Growth and lipid class composition of Pecten maximus (L) Larvae grown under hatchery conditions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 163: 209-219. crossref(new window)

8.
De Pauw, N., Morales, J. and Persoone, G. (1984) Mass culture of microalgae in aquaculture systems : progress and constraints. Hydrobiologia, 116/117: 121-134. crossref(new window)

9.
Duncan, D.B. (1955) Multiple-range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42. crossref(new window)

10.
Enright, C.T., Newkirk, G.F., Craigiel, J.S. and Castell, J.D. (1986) Evaluation of phytoplankton as diets for juvenile Ostrea edulis L. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 96: 1-13. crossref(new window)

11.
Epifanio, C.E. (1979) Comparison of yeast and algal diets for bivalve molluscs. Aquaculture, 16: 187-192. crossref(new window)

12.
Gallager, S.M. and Mann, R. (1986) Growth and survival of larvae of Mercenaria mercenaria (L.) and Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) relative to brood conditioning and lipid content of eggs. Aquaculture, 56: 105-121. crossref(new window)

13.
Helm, M.M. and Millican, P.F. (1977) Experiments in the hatchery rearing of Pacific oyster larvae (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg). Aquaculture, 11: 1-12. crossref(new window)

14.
Helm, M.M. and Laing, L. (1987) Preliminary observation on the nutritional value of "Tahiti Isochrysis" to bivalve larvae. Aquaculture, 62: 281-288. crossref(new window)

15.
His, E., Robert, R. and Dinet, A. (1989) Combined effects of temperature and salinity on fed and starved larvae of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprivincialis and the Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas. Marine Biology, 100: 455-463. crossref(new window)

16.
Holland, D.L. (1978) Lipid reserves and energy metabolism in the larvae of benthic marine invertebrates. In: Malins, D.C. and Sargent, J.R. (Eds.), Biochemical and Biophysical Perspectives in Marine Biology, Vol 4, Academic Press, London and New York, 85-123.

17.
Hur, Y.B. (2004) Dietary value of microalgae for larvae culture of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Ph.D. thesis, Pukyong National University, 133pp. [in Korean]

18.
Hur, Y.B., Min, K.S., Kim, T.E., Lee, S.J. and Hur, S.B. (2008) Larvae growth and biochemical composition change of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, larvae during artificial seed production. Journal of Aquaculture, 21: 203-212. [in Korean]

19.
Imai, S. and Nishikawa, M.S. (1969) Seedling production of Scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis and Ark shell, Anadara broughtonii. Japanese Society for Aquaculture Research, 16: 309-316.

20.
Iwamoto, H. and Sugimoto, H. (1955) Fat synthesis in unicellular algae: Part II. Chemical composition of nitrogen deficient Chlorella cells. Bulletin of the Agricultural and Chemical Society Japan, 19: 247-252. crossref(new window)

21.
Laing, I. (1995) Effect of food supply on oyster spatfall. Aquaculture, 131: 315-324. crossref(new window)

22.
Langdon, C.J. and Waldock, M.J. (1981) The effect of algal and artificial diets on the growth and fatty acid composition of Crassostrea gigas. Journal of Marine Biological Association of the united Kingdom, 61: 431-448. crossref(new window)

23.
Langton, R.W. and Mckey, G.U. (1976) Growth of Crassostrea gigas (Thungberg) spat under different feeding regimes in hatchery. Aquaculture, 7: 225-233. crossref(new window)

24.
Lannan, C.J. (1980a) Broodstock management of Crassostrea gigas. I. Genetic and environmental variation in survival in the larval rearing system. Aquaculture, 21: 323-336. crossref(new window)

25.
Lannan, C.J. (1980b) Broodstock management of Crassostrea gigas. III. Selective breeding for improved larval survival. Aquaculture, 21: 347-351. crossref(new window)

26.
Loosanoff, V.L. (1950) Rate of water pumping and shell movements of oyster in relation to temperature (Abstract). The Anatomical Record, 108: 620pp.

27.
Loosanoff, V.L. and Davis, H.C. (1963) Rearing of bivalve molluscs. Advanced Marine Biology, 1: 1-136. crossref(new window)

28.
Martinez, L.A., Caceres, E., Uribe, E. and Diaz, M.A. (1995) Effects of different feeding regimes on larval growth and the energy budget of juvenile Chilean scallops, Argopecten purpuratus Lamarck. Aquaculture, 132: 313-323. crossref(new window)

29.
Marty, Y., Delaunay, F., Moal, J. and Samain, J.F. (1992) Changes in the fatty acid composition of Pecten maximus (L) during larval development. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 163: 221-234. crossref(new window)

30.
Min, B.H. (2012) Dietary value of three microalgal species for seedling production of the Ark shell Scapharca broughtonii. Ph.D. thesis, Pukyong National University, 118pp. [in Korean]

31.
Min, K.S., Chang, Y.J., Park, D.W., Jung, C.G., Kim, D.H. and Kim, G.H. (1995) Studies on Rearing conditions for mass seedling production in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Bulletin of the national Fisheries Research and Development, 49: 91-111. [in Korean]

32.
Nell, J.A. and Holliday, J.E. 1988. Effects of salinity on the growth and survival of Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea commercialis) and Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae and spat. Aquaculture, 68: 39-44. crossref(new window)

33.
O'Connor, W.A., Nell, J.A. and Diemar, J.A. (1992) The evaluation of twelve algal species as food for juvenile Sydney rock oysters Saccostrea commercialis (Iredale & Roughley). Aquaculture, 108: 277-283. crossref(new window)

34.
Parrish, C.C. (1987) Separation of aquatic lipid classes by Chromarod thin-layer chromatography with measurement by latroscan flame ionization detection. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 44: 722-731. crossref(new window)

35.
Powell, E.N., Bocheneck, E.A., Klinck, J.M. and Hoofmann, E.E. (2002) Influence of food quality and quantity on the growth and development of Crassostrea gigas larvae a modeling approach. Aquaculture, 210: 89-117. crossref(new window)

36.
Pyen, C.K., Rho, Y.G. and Yoo, Y.K. (1976) Studies on spat collection and rearing of the larvae, Anadara broughtonii (SCHRENCK) in tank. Bulletin of the national Fisheries Research and Development, 15: 7-20. [in Korean]

37.
Rezeq, T.A. and James, C.M. (1987) Production and nutritional quality of the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis in relation to different cell densities of marine Chlorella sp. Hydrobiologia, 147: 257-261. crossref(new window)

38.
Thompson, P.A., Guo, M. and Harrison, P.J. (1993) The influence of irradiance on the biochemical composition of three phytoplankton species and their nutritional value for larvae of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas). Marine Biology, 117: 259-268. crossref(new window)

39.
Volkman, J.K., Brown, M.R., Dunstan, G.A. and Jeffrey, S.W. (1993) The biochemical composition of marine microalgae from the class eustigmatophyceae. Journal of Phycology, 29: 69-78. crossref(new window)

40.
Walne, P.R. (1974) Culture of bivalve molluscs. Whitefriars Press Ltd., London and Tondridge, 173pp.

41.
Watanabe, T., Kitajima, C. and Fujita, S. (1983) Nutritional values of live organisms used in Japan for mass propagation of fish: a review. Aquaculture, 34: 115-143. crossref(new window)

42.
Web, K.L. and Chu, F.L.E. (1983) Phytoplankton as a food source for bivalve larvae. In: Pruder, G.D., Langdon, C., Conklin, D. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Aquaculture Nutrition: Biochemical and Physiological Approaches to Shellfish Nutrition. World Mariculture Society Special Publication, 2: 272-291.

43.
Wilson, J.H. (1978) The food value of Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin to the larvae of Ostrea edulis L. and Crassostrea gigas Thunberg. Aquaculture, 13: 313-323. crossref(new window)