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Change of Survival and Reproductive Indicator of the Manila Clam, Ruditapes philippinarum Following Chronic Exposure to Naphthalene
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 28, Issue 4,  2012, pp.305-312
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.4.305
 Title & Authors
Change of Survival and Reproductive Indicator of the Manila Clam, Ruditapes philippinarum Following Chronic Exposure to Naphthalene
Jin, Young Guk; Kim, Tae Ik; Myeong, Jeong In; Hwang, Hyung Kyu; Park, Min Woo;
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Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum (SL; , TW; , N; 450) were exposed to various concentrations of naphthalene for 20 weeks. Exposure concentrations of naphthalene established control, solvent control (ethanol), 30, 60, 90 and Nap following results of 96h acute exposure. After exposure during 20 weeks, survival rate of the manila clam was lowed in 60, 90 and Nap exposure group compared control group. Also, sex ratio of male was higher in Nap exposure group (, P < 0.05) but lowed Nap exposure group (, P < 0.05) and Nap exposure group (, P < 0.05). Gonad development was delayed in female (> Nap ) and male (> Nap ). Intersex was 16.28% in female, 1.68% in male. In this result, naphthalene caused survival decrease, imbalance of sex ratio, delay of gonad development of the manila clam. Also, chronic exposure to naphthalene suggested abnormal effects in reproduction of the manila clam.
Manila clam;naphthalene;survival;reproductive indicator;
 Cited by
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