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Quantification of nitric oxide concentration in the hemocytes of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum by using 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate (DAF-2) detection method
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 29, Issue 1,  2013, pp.15-21
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2013.29.1.15
 Title & Authors
Quantification of nitric oxide concentration in the hemocytes of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum by using 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate (DAF-2) detection method
Nam, Ki-Woong; Yang, Hyun-Sung; Park, Kyung-Il;
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Nitric oxide (NO) is an important intra-intercellular signaling molecule that regulates many physiological processes and participates in the development some pathological conditions in animals. In this study, we compared different methods for determining NO concentration in the hemocytes of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. For measuring the intracellular NO levels, we used the specific fluorescent probe 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate (DAF-2 DA), and the quantification methods that were compared were based on image analysis, spectrophotometry, and flow cytometry. NO concentration could be determined using all the 3 methods, and the concentration varied significantly depending upon the presence of NO regulators in the hemocytes; NO concentration increased in the presence of L-arginine, while it decreased in the presence of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester. In particular, it is found that estimation of NO using a flowcytometry is more economical, reliable and accurate compared to image analysis and spectrophotometry. Accordingly we believe that determining NO concentration by using flowcytometry will be useful in evaluating physiological and pathological conditions in marine bivalves.
nitric oxide;hemocyte;diaminofluorescein-2-diacetate;flow cytometer;Ruditapes philippinarum;
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