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Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the toxicity of water-accommodated fraction and chemically enhanced water-accommodated fraction of Hebei Spirit crude oil to the embryonic development of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 29, Issue 1,  2013, pp.23-32
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2013.29.1.23
 Title & Authors
Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the toxicity of water-accommodated fraction and chemically enhanced water-accommodated fraction of Hebei Spirit crude oil to the embryonic development of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum
Lee, Chang-Hoon; Sung, Chan-Gyoung; Kang, Sin-Kil; Moon, Seong-Dae; Lee, Ji-Hye; Lee, Jong-Hyeon;
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of oil dispersant and ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the toxicity of crude oil. The toxicity of water-accommodated fraction (WAF) and chemically enhanced water-accommodated fraction (CEWAF) of Hebei Spirit crude oil was investigated in the embryo of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum with- and without ultraviolet radiation. The WAF and CEWAF with- and without UV radiation affected significantly the embryonic development of R. philippinarum. The EC50s of WAF without UV, WAF with UV, CEWAF without UV, and CEWAF with UV were 2.82, 0.79, 1.60, and 0.45 g/L, respectively. CEWAF was 1.6 times more toxic than WAF. UV radiation increased crude oil toxicity to 3.6 times for both WAF and CEWAF. The oil dispersant and UV radiation did not affect the acute toxicity to the embryo but retarded the period of embryonic development up to 26%. R. philippinarum proved to be a sensitive species to reflect the toxic effects of oil spill combined with oil dispersant and UV radiation. It is suggested that the chemical analyses on the WAF and CEWAF is important for the identification and quantitative explanation of the phototoxic compounds in crude oil.
Ruditapes philippinarum;developmental toxicity;Hebei Spirit oil spill;ultraviolet radiation;water-accommodated fraction (WAF);chemically enhanced water-accommodated fraction (CEWAF);
 Cited by
Bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) exposed to crude oil-contaminated sediments,;;;;;;;;;

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