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Effect of the concentrated-diatom of Caloneis schroederi and Rhaphoneis sp. for seedling production of Haliotis discus hannai
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 29, Issue 3,  2013, pp.197-205
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2013.29.3.197
 Title & Authors
Effect of the concentrated-diatom of Caloneis schroederi and Rhaphoneis sp. for seedling production of Haliotis discus hannai
Kim, Seung-Hyern; Kim, Mi Jeong; Park, Se Jin; Hur, Sung Bum;
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 Abstract
Even though seedling production of Haliotis discus hannai has fully developed, the culture of benthic diatom as a live food for larvae is still a barrier to solve in commercial hatchery. The farmer depends on mixed microalgae which are non-selectively attached on the plate by flowing of natural seawater. The adequate diatom on the plate for the larvae in terms of quality and quantity is always significant bottleneck in the hatchery. In this study, two benthic diatom species, Caloneis schroederi and Rhaphoneis sp. were separately cultured in mass and inoculated to four tons' settlement tank of the larvae. And the larvae and the spats were cultured for nineteen and nine weeks, respectively. The result on seedling production of H. discus hannai with this method was compared to that of the farmer's traditional method as a control. With regard to variation of species composition of benthic diatom on the plate, C. schroederi and Rhaphoneis sp. were dominant for first three weeks after inoculation. But the diverse diatoms mainly, Navicula, Amphora, Cylindrotheca, Licmophora, Pleurosigma began to attache on the plate from the 4th week. The larvae attached 2.5 times more in C. schroederi tank than in the control tank. The final total biomass of the seeds in Rhaphoneis sp. tank was 3.2 times more than that of the control tank. The retared-spats in the seedling production also showed significantly higher growth and survival in the spat fed Rhaphoneis sp. or C. schroederi than those in the control group. We suggest that C. schroederi is proper for settlement of the larvae and Rhaphoneis sp. is appropriate for the growth of the larvae and spats in the commercial hatchery of H. discus hannai.
 Keywords
Haliotis discus hannai;seedling production;concentrated-diatom;Caloneis schroederi;Rhaphoneis sp.;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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KMMCC-Korea Marine Microalgae Culture Center: list of strains, 2nd edition,;;;;

ALGAE, 2015. vol.30. sup, pp.1-188 crossref(new window)
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