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Changes of enzyme activity in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas of the abalone, Haliotis discus hannai (Ino, 1953) exposed to cadmium
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 30, Issue 1,  2014, pp.41-49
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2014.30.1.41
 Title & Authors
Changes of enzyme activity in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas of the abalone, Haliotis discus hannai (Ino, 1953) exposed to cadmium
Min, Eun-Young; Lee, Jung Sick; Kwak, Ihn-Sil; Kim, Jae Won; Kang, Ju-Chan;
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 Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of cadmium (Cd) exposure on biochemical factors in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas of the abalone, Haliotis discus hannai. The abalone were exposed to 0, 5, 10, 20 and 40 Cd for 4 weeks. The phenoloxidase (PO) activity was decreased in hemolymph of abalone exposed to 40 Cd for 4 weeks compared to the control (P < 0.05). The hemolymph enzymes, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities were markedly elevated in 40 Cd after 4 weeks. The hemolymph calcium concentrations were significantly decreased in 20 and 40 Cd for 4 weeks. Hepatopancreas superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities were significantly increased by Cd. SOD was increased in both 20 and 40 Cd and CAT, in 40 Cd after 2 weeks (P < 0.05). These results suggested that the abalone SOD and CAT including PO may serve as a protective mechanism against oxidative stress by Cd. We conclude that a Cd concentration, 40 in water may curtail hemolymph homeostasis and anti-oxidative reactions in abalone hepatopancreas. From these results, these biochemical factors may represent a convenient method of monitoring heavy metal pollution in coastal areas.
 Keywords
abalone;Cd;hemolymph;hepatopancreas;PO;SOD;CAT;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
수온 증가에 따른 말전복, Haliotis gigantea과 둥근전복, Haliotis discus discus (Reeve, 1846) hemolymph의 생리학적 변화,민은영;김신후;황인기;김경욱;박보미;이정식;강주찬;

한국패류학회지, 2015. vol.31. 3, pp.187-194 crossref(new window)
2.
염화니켈 (NiCl2) 급성노출에 따른 북방전복 Haliotis discus hannai의 산화스트레스 반응,김수지;김경미;강소영;이정식;

한국패류학회지, 2015. vol.31. 4, pp.285-290 crossref(new window)
1.
Influence of elevated temperatures on the physiological response of hemolymph from two species of abalone, Haliotis gigantea and Haliotis discus discus (Reeve, 1846), The Korean Journal of Malacology, 2015, 31, 3, 187  crossref(new windwow)
2.
), The Korean Journal of Malacology, 2015, 31, 4, 285  crossref(new windwow)
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