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Reproductive Ecology of the Freshwater Marsh Clam, Corbicula papyracea (Heude) in Bukhan River
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 30, Issue 2,  2014, pp.107-116
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2014.30.2.107
 Title & Authors
Reproductive Ecology of the Freshwater Marsh Clam, Corbicula papyracea (Heude) in Bukhan River
Kim, Dae-Hee; Lee, Wan-Ok; Lee, Jun-Sang;
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Gonadal development and maturation mechanism were studied on the freshwater marsh clam Corbicula papyracea (Heude), which is the endangered species in Korea. The specimens were collected in the rearing ponds and waterway of NFRDI in Gapyeong-gun, Gyeonggi-do from January to December 2004, and then investigated by condition factor, relative growth, gonadal development phases and gonad histological characters based on 30-50 individuals every month. Comparing with the freshwater marsh clam, C. papyracea is small, light olive brown shell and violet interior. The hermaphrodite individuals of C. papyracea take an internal fertilization and fertilized eggs are stored in the foster-sack in the gills, then the hatched juveniles are released outside after an ovoviviparous process. The average water temperature of inhabit area was in range of and usually took great effects on the gonad maturation of C. papyracea. The condition factor ranged from 0.14 to 0.21 throughout the year, which was the lowest during winter season (December-February), and gradually increased to the highest value of 0.21 in May. The ratio of meat weight to total weight was 25.9-38.7%, indicating the similar trend with condition factor. The highest values of condition factor and the ratio of meat weight appeared 1-2 months later than gonadosomatic index reached the peak value, it was probably because that the ovoviviparous eggs would spend a long period before hatching from the foster-sack in the gills. To synthesize the characters of meat weight, condition factor and gonad development by histological study, reproductive cycle of C. papyracea could be divided into five successive stages: multiplicative stage (December to February), growing stage (February to May), mature stage (June to August), spawning stage (August to November), recovery stage (November to December). The smallest shell length of matured C. papyracea was 12.6 mm, and individuals, larger than 16 mm, was formed the nursery in the gills.
Reproductive ecology;Marsh clam;Brood pouch;Corbicula papyracea;
 Cited by
이매패류의 성과 성전환,이정식;

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