JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Utilizing the grazing effect of fresh water clams (Unio douglasiae) for the remediation of algal bloom during summer
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 31, Issue 1,  2015, pp.61-67
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2015.31.1.61
 Title & Authors
Utilizing the grazing effect of fresh water clams (Unio douglasiae) for the remediation of algal bloom during summer
Nam, Ki-Woong; Lee, Jeong-Ryul; Park, Kyung-Il;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The occurrence of 'algal bloom', caused by the mass proliferation of phytoplankton, causes serious problems in streams and lakes in Korea. Therefore, in this study, the phytoplankton filter-feeding trait of Unio douglasiae, a type of freshwater clam, was used to reduce the algal bloom in outdoor water tanks during the summer. This involved the construction of a U. douglasiae cultivation apparatus, wherein 1,000 clams were divided into 8 rectangular baskets arranged in the shape of an empty square. The control tank was manufactured in exactly the same shape within the water tank, but without the addition of clams. The algal bloom-reducing effect of U. douglasiae was confirmed by the measurement of (and comparing between) the water quality at the center and periphery of the test and control cultivation apparatus. Water quality measurements included the measurement of water temperature, pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO) content, and chlorophyll- concentrations; the water quality was measured twice a month between June and November 2014.The results of these analyses did not show a significant difference in water quality (temperature, pH, turbidity, DO) between the center and periphery of the test and control tanks. However, the chlorophyll- concentration was observed to be much lower at the center of the test tank compared to that at the center and periphery of the control tank, as well as at the periphery of the test tank. This was believed to be a result of the U. douglasiae surrounding the center of the test tank, which prevented the influx of plankton from the periphery. Accordingly, the results of these analyses suggest the possibility that U. douglasiae cultivation could reduce the proliferation of algal blooms in lakes and streams during the summer. In particular, these results indicate possible improvements in U. douglasiae activity (reduction in algal blooms) by their effective arrangement in the water bodies.
 Keywords
algal bloom;Unio douglasiae;grazing effect;chlorophyll-;clam cage;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Arnott, D.L. & Vanni, M.J. (1996) Nitrogen and phosphorus recycling by the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in the western basin of Lake Erie. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 53: 646-659. crossref(new window)

2.
Codd, G.A. and Poon, G.K. (1988) Cyanobacterial toxins. In: Biochemistry of the algae and cyanobacteria. (ed. by Gallon J.G.). pp. 283-296. Oxford Scientific Publ., Clarendon Press, Oxford.

3.
Dame, R.F., Zingmark, R. & Nelson, D. (1985) Filter feeding coupling between the estuarine water column and benthic subsystems. In; Estuarine Perspectives (ed. by Kennedy V.S.). pp. 521-526. Academic Press, New York.

4.
Hedge, E. (2013) Investigating the impact of ultrasonic algal control on Daphnia in a freshwater ecosystem. BSc dissertation, Lancaster University.

5.
Hwang, S.-J., Kim, H.-S. & Shin, J.-K. (2001) Filter-feeding effect of a freshwater bivalve (Corbicula leana Prime) on phytoplankton. Korean Journal of Limnology, 34: 298-309.

6.
Kim, B.-C., Kim, E.-K., Pyo, D.-J., Park, H.-D. & Heo, W.-M. (1995) Toxic cyanobacterial blooms in Korean lakes. Journal of Korean Society on Water Quality, 11: 231-237.

7.
Kim, B.-C., Kim, H.-S., Park, H.-D., Choi, K.-S. & Park, J.-G. (1999) Microcystin content of cyanobacterial cells in Korean reservoirs and their toxicity. Korean Journal of Limnology, 32: 288-294.

8.
Kim, H.S. (2004) Study on the growth dynamics and ecotechnological control of algae in reservoirs. Ph.D. dissertation.

9.
Kong, D.-S. & Cheon, S.-U. (1999) Growth Rate and Nutrient Removal Potential of Filamentous Periphyton in Artificial Water Channels. Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment, 32: 207-215.

10.
Kwon, O.-B. (1999) Study on the improvement of water quality and restoration of ecosystem in the lakes and marshes with vegetated artificial floating island. Hanyang University Press, Korea.

11.
Lee, J.-Y., Jung, S.-M.., Chang, K. & Kim B.-C. (2014) Spatial and Temporal Distribution Characteristics of Zooplankton Appeared on Early Construction of Pumped Storage Power Plant Dam. Korean journal of ecology and environment, 47: 57-65.

12.
Lee, Y.-J., Kim, B.-H., Kim, N.-Y., Um, H.-Y. & Hwang, S.-J. (2008) Effects of temperature, food concentration, and shell size on filtration rate and pseudofeces production of Unio douglasiae, on Microcystis aeruginosa. Korean Journal of Limology, 41: 61-67.

13.
Park, H.-D., Kim, B.-C., Kim, E.-K. & Okino, T. (1998) Hepatotoxic (microcystin) and neurotoxin (anatoxin-${\alpha}$) in cyanobacterial blooms from Korean lakes. Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality, 13: 225-234. crossref(new window)

14.
Park, K.-S., Kim, B.-H., Um, H.-Y. & Hwang, S.-J. (2008) Effects of dissolved oxygen and depth on the survival and filtering rate and pseudofeces production of a filter-feeding bivalve (Unio douglasiae) in the Cynobacterial bloom. Korean J. Limnology, 41: 50-60.

15.
Persson, P.E. (1982) Muddy odour: a problem associated with extreme eutrophication. Hydrobiologia, 86: 161-164. crossref(new window)

16.
Reeders, H.H., De Vaate, A.B. & Slim, F.J. (1989) The filtration rate of Dreissena polymorpha (Bivalvia) in three Dutch lakes with reference to biological water quality management. Freshwater Biology, 22: 133-141. crossref(new window)

17.
Reeders, H.H. & De Vaate, A.B. (1992) Bioprocessing of polluted suspended matter from the water column by the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas). Hydrobiologia, 239: 53-63. crossref(new window)

18.
Rhew, D.-H., You, K.-A., Byeon M.-S., Youn, S.-J. & Hwang S.-J. (2014) Growth Characteristics of Blue-green Algae (Anabaena spiroides) Causing Tastes and Odors in the North-Han River, Korea. Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment, 46: 135-144.

19.
Rose, J.M., Bricker, S.B. Tedesco, M.A. & Wikfors, G.H. (2014) A role for shellfish aquaculture in coastal nitrogen management. Environmental Science and Technology, 48: 2519-2525. crossref(new window)

20.
Shim, W.-S. and Han I.-S. (1998) Effect of reed-bed using Ulsan-habitated P. australis, T. orlentalis and P. aundinacea L. on removing pollutants from Sewage. Journal of the Korean Environmental Sciences society, 7: 117-121.

21.
Shin, J.-K. Yi, H.-S., Jeong, S.-a. & Hwang, S.-J. (2009) Construction of environmental friendly special-purpose ship for the removal of blue-green algae. Korean Journal of Limoloy, 42: 404-406.

22.
Smit, H., De Vaate, A.B., Reeders, H.H., Van Nes, E.H. & Noordhuis, R. (1993) Colonization, ecology, and positive aspects of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in the Netherlands. In: Zebra mussels: Biology, impacts and control. (ed. by Nalepa, T.F. and Schloesser D.W.). pp. 55-77. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.

23.
Smith, T.E., Stevenson, R.J., Garaco, N.F. & Cole, J.J. (1998) Changes in phytoplankton community structure during the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion on the Hudson River (New York). Journal of Plankton Research, 20: 1567-1579. crossref(new window)

24.
Vaughn, C.C. & Hakenkamp, C.C. (2001) The functional role of burrowing bivalves in freshwater ecosystems. Freshwater Biology, 46: 1431-1446. crossref(new window)

25.
Wang, Z., Dunhai, L., Qin, H. & Li, Y. (2011) An integrated method for removal of harmful cynobacterial blooms in eutrophic lakes. Environmental Pollution, 160: 34-41.

26.
Watanabe, M.F., Harada, K.I., & Fujiki, H. (1994) Water bloom appearance and toxin. University of Tokyo Press, Japan.

27.
Water Information System. (2014) http://water.nier.go.kr/front/algaeInfo/algaeInfo04.jsp

28.
Yang, J.-S., Yang, Y.-H., Cho, S.-K., Kim, J.-Y. & Shin, H,-C. (2004) Method for controlling algal bloom by using natural enemies. Korean Intellectual Property Office, Patent registration #: 1004297810000.