Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Gametogenesis, Mating Behaviour and Spawning of Octopus ocellatus (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in Western Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Malacology
  • Volume 31, Issue 2,  2015, pp.113-121
  • Publisher : The Malacological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2015.31.2.113
 Title & Authors
Gametogenesis, Mating Behaviour and Spawning of Octopus ocellatus (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in Western Korea
Son, Pal Won; Kim, Byung-Gyun; Kim, Sung Han;
  PDF(new window)
Gametogenesis, mating behaviour and spawning of Octopus ocellatus were investigated by histological study. This species is dioecious, and showed a protandry phenomenon. Ooogenesis (in females) and spermatogenesis (in males) can be classified into 3 stages, respectively. O. ocellatus copulates in one of two ways: a male may leap upon a female, mounting her mantle, or a male may sit near the female and extend the hectocotylized third right arm toward her. Spawning occurred between April and June in females, and between March and May in males of O. ocellatus. The spawning period was once a year and the peak took place between May and June. A number of flatened follicle cells, which were attached to an oocyte, were involved in vitellogenesis in the cytoplasm of the vitellogenic oocyte (maturing oocyte), and formation of chorion membrane (secondary egg membrane) of the ovarian eggs. Fecundity per female closely related to GSI was 294-660 eggs (average, 429 eggs). The diameters of the ovarian eggs surrounded by chorion membrane were approximately in the range of 10.10-2.50 mm. Each ovarian egg laid by a female was connected to an egg string. Each egg string was 1-5.5 cm (average 3.6 cm). The total number of eggs laid by a female of this species ranged 218-314, the egg sizes were independent to the size of female adult. this species has a life mode showing some special reproductive characteristics of an annual semelparity as shown in Octopodidae species because we have never seen a female spawning a second time.
Octopus ocellatus;gametogenesis;mating behaviour;spawning;
 Cited by
Andrews. P.L.R. and Tansey, E.M. (1983) The digestive tract of Octopus vulgaris: The anatomy. physiology and pharmacology of the upper tract. Marine Biology, 63: 109-134.

Aronson, R.B., (1991) Ecology paleobiology and evolutionary constraint in the Octopus. Bullletin of Marine Science, 49: 245-255.

Bairati, A., Comazzi, M. and Gioria, M. (1995) A comparative microscopic and ultrastructural study of perichondrial tissue in cartilage of Octopus vulgaris (Cephalopoda, Mollusca). Tissue and Cell, 27: 515-523. crossref(new window)

Bast, R.E. and Telfer, W.H. (1976) Follicle cell protein synthesis and its contribution to the yolk of thc cecropia moth oocyte. Developmental Biology, 52: 83-97. crossref(new window)

Bottke. W. (1974) The fine structure of the ovarian follicle of Alloteuthis subulata Lam. (Mollusca. Cephalopoda). Cell Tissue Research, 150: 463-479.

Boyle, P.R. and Knobloch, D. (1982) On growth of the Octopus Eledone cirrhosa. Journal of Marine Biological Association U.K, 62: 277-296. crossref(new window)

Boyle, P.R. and Knobloch, D. (1983) The female reporductive cycle of the Octopus Eledane cirrhosa. Journal of Marine Biological Association, U.K., 63: 71-83. crossref(new window)

Buckley, S.K.L.(1976) Oogenesis and it's hormonal control in Octopus vulgaris. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cambridge, U.K.

Che, Y.J., Ueng, Y.E. and Chow, C.J. (1992) Comparative study on the characteristics of cephaloped mantle muscle for surimibased products processing. Journal of Fisheries Society, Taiwan, 19: 75-82.

Chu. C. and Kim, S.G. (1990) Studies on the development of Techniques on seedling production of Octopus vulgaris. National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 86: 92-97 (in Korean).

Cortez, T.B., Castro, G. and Guerra, A. (1995) Reproduction and condition of female Octopus mimus (Mollusca : cephalopoda). Marine Biology, 123: 505-510. crossref(new window)

Forsythe, J.W. and Hanlon, R.T. (1988) Effect of temperature onlaboratory growth, reproduction and life span of Octopus bimaculoides. Marine Biology, 98: 369-379. crossref(new window)

Froesch, D. and Marthy, H.J. (1975) The structure and function of the oviducal gland in octopods (Cephalopoda). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 188: 95-101. crossref(new window)

Gabe, S. (1975) Reproduction in giant octopus of the North Pacific, Octopus dofleini martini, Veliger, 18: 146-150.

Galangau, V. and Tuzet, O. (1968a) L'acrosome d' Octopus vulgaris L. Observations au microscope electronique. C.R. Academy Science Paris, 267: 1462-1464.

Galangau, V. and Tuzet, O. (1968b) Les mitochondries pendant la spermatogenese d'Octopusvulgaris L. C.r. Academy Science Paris, 267: 1735-1737.,.

Hanlon, R.T. and Messenger, J.B. (1996) Ceephalopod behaviour. Cambridge University Press, 232 pp.

Huebner, E., Tobe, S.S. and Davey. K.G. (1975) Structural and functional dynamics of oogenesis in Glossina austeni : Vitellogenesis with special reference to the follicular epithelium. Tissue and Cell, 7: 535-558. crossref(new window)

Kim, B.G., Kim, S.W. Jun, C.H. Kim and Kim, J.S. (1997) Studies on the development of Techniques on seedling production of Octopus ocellatus. West Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 297-304.

Lee, B.D. (1956) The catalogue of molluscan shells of Korea. BuIIetin of Pusun Fisheries ColIedge, 1: 1-48.

Mangold, K. (1990) Octopus vulgaris, In: Cephalopod Life Cycle l. Ed. by Boyle, P.R. 21: 335-364.

Mcquaid, C.D., (1994) Feeding behaviour and selection of bivalve prey by Octopus vulgaris cuper. Journal of Experiment Marine Biology and Ecology, 177: 187-202. crossref(new window)

Min, D.K., Lee, J.S., Ko, D.B. and Je, J.G. (2004) Mollusks in Korea. Hanguel Graphics, 566 pp.

Moltschaniwskyj, N.A. and Doherty, P.J. (1995) Cross-shelf distribution patterns of tropical juvenile cephalopods sampled with light-traps. Marine and Freshwater Research, 46: 707-714. crossref(new window)

Nixon, M. and Mangold, K. (1996) The early life of Octopus vulgaris (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in the plankton and at settlement : A change in life style. Journal of Z00logy, 239: 301-327. crossref(new window)

Perez, J.A.A. and Haimovici, M. (1991) Sexual maturation and reproductive cycle of Eledone massyae, voss 1964 (Cephalopoda : Octopodidae) in Southem Brazil. Bulletin of Marine Science, 49: 270-279.

Richard, A. (1970) Analyse du cycle sexuel chez les Cephalopodes: Mise en evidence experimentale d'une rythme conditionnee par les variations des facteurs externes et intenes. Bulletin of Society. Zoology. France, 95: 461-469.

Selman, K. and Arnold, J.M. (1977) An ultrastructural and cytochemical and analysis of oogenesis in the squid, Loli해 pealei. Journal of morphology, 152: 381-388. crossref(new window)

Smale, MJ. and P.R. Buchan, (1981) Biology of Octopus vulgaris off the Coast of South Africa. Marine Biology, 65: 1-12. crossref(new window)

Takashi, O. (1984a) Systematics and life history of benthic octopoda (1) taxonomic characters of octopodidae. 6: 257-263 (in Japanese).

Takashi, O. (1984b) Systematics and life history of benthic octopoda (2) ecology of octopodidae. 6: 330-335 (in Japanese).

Taki, I. (1941) On keeping octopods in an aquarium for physiological experiments with remarks on some operative techniques. Venus, 10: 139-156.

ViIlanueva, R. (1995) Experimental rearing and growth of planktonic Octopus vulgaris from hatching to settlement. Canadian Journal Fisheries, 52: 2639-2650. crossref(new window)

Wells, M.J. and Wells, J. (1972) Sexual display and mating of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier and O. cyanea Gray and attempts to alter the performance by manipulating the glandular condition of the animals. Animal behaviour, 20: 293-308. crossref(new window)

Woods, J. (1965) Octopus-watching off Capri. Animals, 7: 324-327.