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Experimental Study on Estimation of Flight Trajectory Using Ground Reflection and Comparison of Spectrogram and Cepstrogram Methods
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 Title & Authors
Experimental Study on Estimation of Flight Trajectory Using Ground Reflection and Comparison of Spectrogram and Cepstrogram Methods
Jung, Ookjin; Go, Yeong-Ju; Lee, Jaehyung; Choi, Jong-Soo;
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 Abstract
A methodology is proposed to estimate a trajectory of a flying target and its velocity using the time and frequency analysis of the acoustic signal. The measurement of sound emitted from a flying acoustic source with a microphone above a ground shall receive both direct and ground-reflected sound waves. For certain frequency contents, the destructive interference happens in received signal waveform reflected path lengths are in multiple integers of direct path length. This phenomenon is referred to as the acoustical mirror effect and it can be observed in a spectrogram plot. The spectrogram of acoustic measurement for a flying vehicle measurement shows several orders of destructive interference curves. The first or second order of curve is used to find the best approximate path by using nonlinear least-square method. Simulated acoustic signal is generated for the condition of known geometric of a sensor and a source in flight. The estimation based on cepstrogram analysis provides more accurate estimate than spectrogram.
 Keywords
Flight Trajectory Estimation;Ground-Reflect Effect;Time-Frequency Signal Analysis;Time-Delayed Time Analysis;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
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