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Mitochondria protection of Sparganii Rhizoma against oxidative stress in heptocytes
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  • Journal title : Herbal Formula Science
  • Volume 23, Issue 2,  2015, pp.189-198
  • Publisher : The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
  • DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2015.23.2.189
 Title & Authors
Mitochondria protection of Sparganii Rhizoma against oxidative stress in heptocytes
Seo, Hye-Lim; Lee, Ju-Hee; Jang, Mi-Hee; Kwon, Young-Won; Cho, Il-Je; Kim, Kwang-Joong; Park, Sook-Jahr; Kim, Sang-Chan; Kim, Young-Woo; Byun, Sung-Hui;
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Objectives : Sparganii Rhizoma is frequently used in traditional herbal medicine for treatment of blood stasis, amenorrhea and functional dyspepsia and has been reported to exhibit anti-oxidant, anti-proliferation and anti-angiogenesis peoperties. In this study, we investigated the cytoprotective effect and underlying mechanism of Sparganii Rhizoma water extract (SRE) against oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in hepatocyte. Methods : To determine the effects of SRE on oxidative stress, we induced synergistic cytotoxicity by co-treatment of arachidonic acid (AA) and iron in the HepG2 cell, a human derived hepatocyte cell line. Results : Treatment of SRE increased relative cell viability and altered the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins such as Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and procaspase-3. And SRE also inhibited the mitochondrial dysfunction and excessive reactive oxygen species production induced by AA+iron. In addition, SRE activated of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a potential target for cytoprotection, by increasing the phosphorylation of AMPKα at Thr-172. Morever, SRE increased phosphorylation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, a direct downstream target of AMPK. Conclusion : These results indicated that SRE has the ability to protect against oxidative stress-induced hepatocyte damage, which may be mediated with AMPK pathway.
Sparganii Rhizoma;hepatocyte;mitochondria;oxidative stress;AMPK;
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Comparative Chemical Characters of Sparganii Rhizoma from Different Regions in China, Chinese Herbal Medicines, 2018  crossref(new windwow)
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