Publisher : Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.4.266
Title & Authors
Impact of Peer`s Suicide on Mental Health of Adolescents Kang, Na Ri; Chung, Un Sun; Kwack, Young Sook;
Objectives : This study examined the impact of peer`s suicide on mental health of middle-school students. The aim of this study was to describe the course of posttraumatic stress and grief reaction, suicide ideation, and depression score among adolescents after exposure to peer`s suicide and to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress and other mental health scores in these subjects. Methods : Thirty seven middle school students who were exposed to the suicidal death of a peer completed self-report measures to assess levels of depression, grief reaction, post-traumatic stress, and suicide ideation at 1 month and 8 months after the peer`s suicide. Results : There was no significant change in mental health scores between 1 month and 8 months. Level of posttraumatic stress after 8 months was related to acute grief response. Subjects who experienced a clinically significant level of suicidal ideation and posttraumatic stress showed more mental health problems. Conclusion : The results suggested that peer`s suicide strongly impacted mental health issues of adolescents at a critical time of adolescent development. Clinicians should perform a thorough evaluation of mental health problems for youth who experienced peer`s suicide and help them in management of their grief reaction.
Statistics Korea. 2012 Annual Report on the Cause of Death Statistics. Daejeon: Statistics Korea;2012.
Brent DA, Perper J, Moritz G, Allman C, Friend A, Schweers J, et al. Psychiatric effects of exposure to suicide among the friends and acquaintances of adolescent suicide victims. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1992;31:629-639.
Brent DA, Perper JA, Moritz G, Allman C, Schweers J, Roth C, et al. Psychiatric sequelae to the loss of an adolescent peer to suicide. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1993;32:509-517.
Brent DA, Perper J, Moritz G, Allman C, Liotus L, Schweers J, et al. Bereavement or depression? The impact of the loss of a friend to suicide. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1993;32:1189-1197.
Brent DA, Perper JA, Moritz G, Liotus L, Schweers J, Canobbio R. Major depression or uncomplicated bereavement? A follow-up of youth exposed to suicide. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1994;33:231-239.
Brent DA, Moritz G, Bridge J, Perper J, Canobbio R. Long-term impact of exposure to suicide: a three-year controlled follow-up. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1996;35:646-653.
Cerel J, Fristad MA, Weller EB, Weller RA. Suicide-bereaved children and adolescents: a controlled longitudinal examination. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1999;38:672-679.
Brent DA, Perper JA, Moritz G, Liotus L, Richardson D, Canobbio R, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder in peers of adolescent suicide victims: predisposing factors and phenomenology. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1995;34:209-215.
Shepherd DM, Barraclough BM. The aftermath of parental suicide for children. Br J Psychiatry 1976;129:267-276.
Prigerson HG, Bridge J, Maciejewski PK, Beery LC, Rosenheck RA, Jacobs SC, et al. Influence of traumatic grief on suicidal ideation among young adults. Am J Psychiatry 1999;156:1994-1995.
Fristad MA, Jedel R, Weller RA, Weller EB. Psychosocial functioning in children after the death of a parent. Am J Psychiatry 1993; 150:511-513.
Tal Young I, Iglewicz A, Glorioso D, Lanouette N, Seay K, Ilapakurti M, et al. Suicide bereavement and complicated grief. Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2012;14:177-186.
Bartik W, Maple M, Edwards H, Kiernan M. The psychological impact of losing a friend to suicide. Australas Psychiatry 2013;21: 545-549.
Melhem NM, Day N, Shear MK, Day R, Reynolds CF 3rd, Brent D. Traumatic grief among adolescents exposed to a peer's suicide. Am J Psychiatry 2004;161:1411-1416.
Kovacs M. The Children's Depression, Inventory (CDI). Psychopharmacol Bull 1985;21:995-998.
Cho SC, Lee YS. Development of the Korean form of the Kovacs' Childeren's Depression Inventory. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc 1990;29:943-956.
Osman A, Downs WR, Kopper BA, Barrios FX, Baker MT, Osman JR, et al. The Reasons for Living Inventory for Adolescents (RFL-A): development and psychometric properties. J Clin Psychol 1998; 54:1063-1078.
Lee HJ, Shin MS, Ko HJ, Kwak YS. A study of the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the reasons for living inventory for adolescents. J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2014;25: 163-170.
Beck AT, Kovacs M, Weissman A. Assessment of suicidal intention: the Scale for Suicide Ideation. J Consult Clin Psychol 1979;47: 343-352.
Park KB, Shin MS. College goal and suicidal ideation among high school students. Korean J Clin Psychol 1990;9:20-32.
Shin MS, Park KB, Oh KJ, Kim ZS. A study of suicidal ideation among high school students: the structural relation among depression, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation. Korean J Clin Psychol 1990;9:1-19.
Horowitz M, Wilner N, Alvarez W. Impact of event scale: a measure of subjective stress. Psychosom Med 1979;41:209-218.
Weiss DS, Marmar CR. The impact of event scale-revised. In: Wilson JP, Keane TM, editors. Assessing psychological trauma and PTSD. New York: Guilford Press;1997. p.399-411.
Eun HJ, Kwon TW, Lee SM, Kim TH, Choi MR, Cho SJ. A Study on Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of Impact of Event Scale-Revised. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc 2005;44: 303-310.
Sanders CM, Mauger PA, Strong PN. A manual for the Grief Experience Inventory. Blowing Rock, NC: Center for the Study of Separation and Loss;1985.
Jeon MY. A study of the resilency in the bereaved families of the cancer deceased. Korean Nurse 1997;36:44-48.
Ho TP, Leung PW, Hung SF, Lee CC, Tang CP. The mental health of the peers of suicide completers and attempters. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2000;41:301-308.