JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
LEED Certification and Its Effectiveness on Urban Heat Island Effect
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of KIBIM
  • Volume 5, Issue 4,  2015, pp.30-36
  • Publisher : Korean Institute of Building Information Modeling
  • DOI : 10.13161/kibim.2015.5.4.030
 Title & Authors
LEED Certification and Its Effectiveness on Urban Heat Island Effect
Kim, Hwan-Yong; Gu, Dong-Hwan;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) has provided abundant resources and guidelines for a new project to become a sustainable anchor in the neighborhood. Paired with a range of checklist, LEED has strong influence on the standards for a sustainable building, and it also has played an iconic role in energy-efficient architecture. However, it is still unclear as to whether or not an LEED certified building enhances environmental benefits to its surroundings. If an LEED certification promises a baseline for an eco-friendly building, then a group of these structures should ensure significant environmental benefits to the society. This is the main question of this study, and the authors answer this hypothesis by examining the relationship of LEED certificates and their influence on outdoor temperature, especially in terms of urban heat island effect. The goal of this paper is to analyze the influence of the LEED certification on urban temperature as an indicator of sustainable architecture`s regional interactions. If an LEED certificate is regarded as a strong contributor to a sustainable built environment, then a group of these certificates should result in greater benefits to society. To this extent, the authors question if there is any possible relationship between a large concentration of LEED certified sites and the temperature of their surroundings. To properly assess the research direction, Global Moran`s I analysis, Local Moran`s I analysis, and Hot Spot analysis are implemented to find the clustered areas of LEED certified buildings. For examining relationships between clustered area and its temperature, correlation efficients are calculated.
 Keywords
Urban Heat Island Effect;LEED;Geographic Information Systems (GIS);Spatial Autocorrelation;Temperature;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Eichholtz, P., N. Kok, and J.M. Quigley, Doing well by doing good? Green office buildings. The American Economic Review, 2010. 100(5): p. 2492-2509. crossref(new window)

2.
Fuerst, F. and P. McAllister, Green noise or green value? Measuring the effects of environmental certification on office values. Real Estate Economics, 2011. 39(1): p. 45-69. crossref(new window)

3.
Miller, N., J. Spivey, and A. Florance, Does green pay off? Journal of Real Estate Portfolio Management, 2008. 14(4): p. 385-400.

4.
Wiley, J.A., J.D. Benefield, and K.H. Johnson, Green design and the market for commercial office space. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 2010. 41(2): p. 228-243. crossref(new window)

5.
Kats, G., et al., Greening buildings and communities: costs and benefits, in Capital E. 2008, U.S.G.B.C.: Washington, D.C.

6.
Singh, A., et al., Costs and benefits of IEQ improvements in LEED office buildings. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 2010. 17(2): p. 86-94.

7.
Tatari, O. and M. Kucukvar, Cost premium prediction of certified green buildings: A neural network approach. Building and Environment, 2011. 46(5): p. 1081-1086. crossref(new window)

8.
Liu, Y., X. Guo, and F. Hu, Cost-benefit analysis on green building energy efficiency technology application: A case in China. Energy and Buildings, 2014. 82: p. 37-46. crossref(new window)

9.
USGBC, USGBC LEED Green Associate Study Guide. 2009, Sacramento, CA: USGBC.

10.
Turner, C., M. Frankel, and U.G.B. Council, Energy performance of LEED for new construction buildings. 2008: New Buildings Institute Vancouver, WA.

11.
Newsham, G.R., S. Mancini, and B.J. Birt, Do LEED-certified buildings save energy? Yes, but.... Energy and Buildings, 2009. 41(8): p. 897-905. crossref(new window)

12.
Gifford, H. A better way to rate green buildings. http://www.solaripedia.com/files/223.pdf, 2008.

13.
Lstiburek, J.W., Why green can be wash. ASHRAE Journal, 2008. 50(11): p. 28-36.

14.
Richter, B., et al., Energy future: Think efficiency. 2008, American Physical Society: Maryland, MD.

15.
Scofield, J.H., Do LEED-certified buildings save energy? Not really.... Energy and Buildings, 2009. 41(12): p. 1386-1390. crossref(new window)

16.
Scofield, J.H. A re-examination of the NBI LEED Building Energy Consumption Study. in International Energy Program Evaluation Conference. 2009. Oberlin, OH: International Energy Program Evaluation Conference.

17.
USGBC, LEED 2009 for new construction and major renovations. 2010, Sacramento, CA: USGBC.

18.
Heidarinejad, M., et al., Cluster Analysis of Simulated Energy Use for LEED Certified US Office Buildings. Energy and Buildings, 2014. 85: p. 86-97. crossref(new window)

19.
Heravi, G. and M. Qaemi, Energy performance of buildings: The evaluation of design and construction measures concerning building energy efficiency in Iran. Energy and Buildings, 2014. 75: p. 456-464. crossref(new window)

20.
Santamouris, M., On the built environment-the urban infl uence, in Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment, M. Santamouris, Editor. 2013, Routledge: London, UK. p. 3-18.

21.
Santamouris, M., Heat-island effect, in Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment, M. Santamouris, Editor. 2013, Routledge: London, UK. p. 48-68.

22.
Kolokotroni, M., et al., London's urban heat island: Impact on current and future energy consumption in office buildings. Energy and buildings, 2012. 47: p. 302-311. crossref(new window)

23.
Santamouris, M., Cooling the cities-a review of reflective and green roof mitigation technologies to fight heat island and improve comfort in urban environments. Solar Energy, 2014. 103: p. 682-703. crossref(new window)

24.
Heidt, V. and M. Neef, Benefits of urban green space for improving urban climate, in Ecology, Planning, and Management of Urban Forests. 2008, Springer: NY, New York. p. 84-96.

25.
Santamouris, M., A. Synnefa, and T. Karlessi, Using advanced cool materials in the urban built environment to mitigate heat islands and improve thermal comfort conditions. Solar Energy, 2011. 85(12): p. 3085-3102. crossref(new window)

26.
Machairas, V., A. Tsangrassoulis, and K. Axarli, Algorithms for optimization of building design: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014. 31: p. 101-112. crossref(new window)

27.
Lee, W., A comprehensive review of metrics of building environmental assessment schemes. Energy and Buildings, 2013. 62: p. 403-413. crossref(new window)

28.
Marceau, M. and M.G. Van Geem, Solar reflectance of concrete for LEED sustainable sites credit: heat island effect. 2007, Portland Cement Association: Portland, OR.

29.
Thornton, P.E., et al., Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America. 2014: Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.