Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Trends of Meridian-Based Psychotherapy - Review of Researches on Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
  • Volume 24, Issue spc1,  2013, pp.89-100
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
  • DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.Spc1.089
 Title & Authors
Trends of Meridian-Based Psychotherapy - Review of Researches on Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT)
Kim, Sang Young; Yin, Chang Shik; Choi, In Won; Kim, Jong-Woo;
  PDF(new window)
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the researches about regarding Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) and to understand the trends of Meridian-based Psychotherapy. Methods : Every article relevant to EFT was obtained from `Pubmed` and Korean journal databases. Keywords used for searching included `EFT` and `Emotional freedom technique`. Results : 1) 5 reviews, 11 randomized controlled trials, 3 controlled trials, 1 single group comparative study and 4 case studies were searched. 2) Anxiety disorders were most frequently studied with EFT. Other studies included insomnia, depression and pain symptoms. EFT interventions were attempted in many different protocols and assessed with various tools. 3) Review articles indicated that meridian-based psychotherapies, such as EFT, are based on the meridian theory of oriental medicine. They evaluate EFT positively for its effectiveness on psychiatric diseases. Conclusions : EFT is increasingly studied and used in clinical practice of various fields. Objective evaluation tools and standardized intervention protocols are needed for the development of a new guideline for EFT.
Emotional freedom technique;EFT;Meridian-based psychotherapy;
 Cited by
EFT 집단치료 프로그램이 화병환자에게 미치는 영향에 대한 질적분석,송승연;이정환;서진우;권찬영;김종우;

동의신경정신과학회지, 2014. vol.25. 1, pp.29-38 crossref(new window)
Qualitative Analysis for the Influences of Emotion Freedom Techniques (EFT) Group Treatment Program for Hwa-Byung Patients, Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, 2014, 25, 1, 29  crossref(new windwow)
Craig G. The EFT Manual (Everyday Emotional Freedom Techniques). Seoul: Koonja Publishing Inc; 2009;71-99.

David SW. Applied Kinesiology. Seoul: Daesung Medicines; 2003;564-6.

Callahan RJ. The Impact of Thought Field Therapy on Heart Rate Variability. J Clin Psychol. 2001;57(10):1153-70. crossref(new window)

Lee JW, Kim GC. The Basic Study on the Origin of Recently Emerging Meridian-based Psychotherapy. Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine. 2012;18(2):123-30.

Bougea AM, Spandideas N, Alexopoulos EC, et al. Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique on Perceived Stress, Quality of Life, and Cortisol Salivary Levels in Tension-type Headache Sufferers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Explore (NY). 2013;9(2):91-9. crossref(new window)

Church D, Hawk C, Brooks AJ, et al. Psychological Trauma Symptom Improvement in Veterans Using Emotional Freedom Techniques: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013; 201(2):153-60. crossref(new window)

Church D, Yount G, Brooks AJ. The Effect of Emotional Freedom Techniques on Stress Biochemistry: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2012;200(10):891-6. crossref(new window)

Church D, De Asis MA, Brooks AJ. Brief Group Intervention Using Emotional Freedom Techniques for Depression in College Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Depress Res Treat. 2012;257172.

Karatzias T, Power K, Brown K, et al. A Controlled Comparison of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Two Psychological Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing vs. Emotional Freedom Techniques. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2011; 199(6):372-8. crossref(new window)

Salas MM, Brooks AJ, Rowe JE. The Immediate Effect of a Brief Energy Psychology Intervention (Emotional Freedom Techniques) on Specific Phobias: A Pilot Study. Explore (NY). 2011;7(3): 155-61. crossref(new window)

Benor DJ, Ledger K, Toussaint L, et al. Pilot Study of Emotional Freedom Techniques, Wholistic Hybrid Derived from Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing and Emotional Freedom Technique, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Treatment of Test Anxiety in University Students. Explore (NY). 2009;5(6):338-40. crossref(new window)

Bair CC. The Heart Field Effect: Synchronization of Healer-subject Heart Rates in Energy Therapy. Adv Mind Body Med. 2008;23(4):10-9.

Wells S, Polglase K, Andrews HB, et al. Evaluation of a Meridian-based Intervention, Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), for Reducing Specific Phobias of Small Animals. J Clin Psychol. 2003; 59(9):943-66. crossref(new window)

Lee KS. The Effect of EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) Activity on Student's Game Impulsedesire. Korea National University of Education. Master's Thesis. 2012.

Lee JH. A Randomized Control Trial for the Evaluation of the Effects of EFT- Insomnia (EFT-I) for the Elderly. Kyung Hee University. Master's Thesis. 2013.

Jung HS. The Effect of an Energy Psychology Intervention (EFT) on Specific Phobias. Chosun University. Master's Thesis. 2006.

Lee HJ. Effect of Trance Techniques to Emotion Index & Pain -Utilizing NLP, EFT Techniques-. Kwangju Women's University. Master's Thesis. 2012.

Kwon WD. An Exploratory Study on the Non- Pharmacological Sedation for the Reduction of Dental Fear Utilizing Trance Techniques. Dongbang University. Doctoral Dissertation. 2010.

Lee JH, Suh HU, Chung SY, et al. A Preliminary Study for the Evaluation of the Effects of EFT-I (EFT Program for Insomnia) for Insomnia in the Elderly. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2011; 22(4):101-9.

Kim SJ, Ryu CG, Cho AR, et al. A Case Report of a Somatization Disorder Patient with Histrionic Personality Disorder. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2012;23(2):85-98. crossref(new window)

Lee JW, Cha HJ, Seo YM, et al. A Case Report of a Schizophreniform Disorder Treated by Oriental Medical Treatment and Emotional Freedom Techniques. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2009;20(2):207-16.

Seo JH, Kang HS, Kim JY, et al. A Case Report of a Patient with Weakness of Heart and Gall Bladder Type Somatization Disorder Induced by Stress. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2007;18(3): 249-60.

Chun YH, Kim BK. A Case of Inattentive Tourette Syndrome Patient with Side Neurofeedback Treatment. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2008; 19(3):277-88.

Lynch E. Emotional Acupuncture. Nurs Stand. 2007;21(50):24-5. crossref(new window)

Kwon YJ, Cho SH. Oriental Medical Intervention Research for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. - A Model of Oriental Medicine for Disaster Mental Health -. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2011; 22(4):77-86. crossref(new window)

Jeong YJ. EFT for Freedom of Mind and Body. Journal of the Korean Society of Jungshin Science. 2010;14(2):61-75.

McCaslin DL. A Review of Efficacy Claims in Energy Psychology. Psychotherapy (Chic). 2009; 46(2):249-56. crossref(new window)

Mevissen L, de Jongh A. PTSD and Its Treatment in People with Intellectual Disabilities: A Review of the Literature. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30(3): 308-16. crossref(new window)

Gros DF, Antony MM. The Assessment and Treatment of Specific Phobias: A Review. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2006;8(4):298-303. crossref(new window)

Diseth TH, Christie HJ. Trauma-related Dissociative (Conversion) Disorders in Children and Adolescents-an Overview of Assessment Tools and Treatment Principles. Nord J Psychiatry. 2005;59(4):278-92. crossref(new window)

Lee HW, Kim DH, Bae HL, et al. Treatment Response and Symptomatic Changes after Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing in Psychiatric Disorders Other Than Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Anxiety and Mood. 2008;4(1): 55-61.

Shin SI. Research Trends in Neuro-Linguistic Programming and Meta Analysis on Counseling Effect. The Korea Journal of Counseling. 2012; 13(1):291-310. crossref(new window)

Folkes CE. Thought Field Therapy and Trauma Recovery. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2002;4(2): 99-103.

Johnson C, Shala M, Sejdijaj X, et al. Thought Field Therapy-soothing the Bad Moments of Kosovo. J Clin Psychol. 2001;57(10):1237-40. crossref(new window)

Connolly S, Sakai C. Brief Trauma Intervention with Rwandan Genocide-survivors using Thought Field Therapy. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2011; 13(3):161-72.

Irgens A, Dammen T, Nysaeter TE, et al. Thought Field Therapy (TFT) as a Treatment for Anxiety Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Explore (NY). 2012;8(6):331-8. crossref(new window)

Callahan RJ. The Impact of Thought Field Therapy on Heart Rate Variability. J Clin Psychol. 2001;57(10):1153-70. crossref(new window)

Mastering the Practice of EFT and Meditation. cited 2005; Available from:

ACEP. cited 2001; Available from:

EFT KOREA. cited 2012; Available from: