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Effects of the Short-Term Weight Control Program on Periodontal Health in the University Students: A Pilot Study
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  • Journal title : Journal of dental hygiene science
  • Volume 15, Issue 4,  2015, pp.413-418
  • Publisher : the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
  • DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.4.413
 Title & Authors
Effects of the Short-Term Weight Control Program on Periodontal Health in the University Students: A Pilot Study
Koong, Hwa-Soo; Son, Soo-Jung; Park, Hoo-Seob; Seo, Hyung-Seok; Hwang, Soo-Jeong;
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Recent cross-sectional studies indicate that obesity is a risk factor for periodontal disease. This study was aimed to investigate whether the four-week weight control program including caloric restriction and exercise training could have an effect on periodontal health. Forty-one obese (body mass index [BMI] ) and five overweight (<) students participated in the weight control program. Anthropometric data and oral examination data were collected at the baseline and at the 27th day. BMI, waist hip ratio (WHR), and percent of body fat (PBF) of the subjects decreased significantly, but gingival index, sites with bleeding on probing (BOP), and sites with shallow pocket depth didn't show the significant changes in paired t-test. There was no difference in the outcomes according to smoking, drinking alcohol, and sex. Nevertheless, PBF and sites with BOP (r=0.777) and WHR and sites with shallow pocket depth (r=0.444) showed positive correlations. PBF accounted for 58.9% of the variance in sites of BOP in regression analysis. We suggested that obesity might relate with periodontal health, although it was not clear whether weight control could influence on periodontal health directly.
Caloric restriction;Exercise;Obesity;Periodontal index;
 Cited by
Minisitry of Health and Welfare, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 5th. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, pp.24-25, 2013.

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