JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Impact of Mother`s Oral Health Literacy on Preschool Children`s Oral Health Status and Behavior
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of dental hygiene science
  • Volume 16, Issue 1,  2016, pp.26-36
  • Publisher : the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
  • DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2016.16.1.26
 Title & Authors
Impact of Mother`s Oral Health Literacy on Preschool Children`s Oral Health Status and Behavior
Kang, Yu-Min; Cho, Young-Sik;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine how oral health literacy of mothers affect the oral health status of their preschool children. The subjects were 233 mothers and their preschool children who are between 5 and 6 years old. They were selected according to the convenience sampling method. The individual self-administered questionnaire was used for the mother`s survey while the children were interviewed using structured questionnaire to examine their oral health status and behavior. According to study results, the number of decayed primary teeth and the number of decayed and filled primary teeth had a statistically significant negative correlation with the oral health literacy of the mother, the children`s oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior (COHKAB), and the mother`s oral health management behavior. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed after including general characteristics variables, the COHKAB and the mother`s oral health management behavior. Meanwhile, mother`s oral health literacy had a statistically influence on children`s oral health status. The higher the mother`s oral health literacy level, the lower the number of decayed and filled primary teeth were. The findings suggest that efforts to improve the oral health status of preschool children should consider mother`s oral health literacy as an important factor. Therefore, the effective intervention and education programs are necessary to enhance mother`s oral health literacy.
 Keywords
Health literacy;Health status;Mother;Oral health;Preschool child;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Lee HS, Park HJ, Lee SJ: A study on the adult literacy in Korea and international comparative survey among OECD countries. Korean J Comp Educ 13: 193-219, 2003.

2.
Ministry of Health & Welfare: Health Information Data. Retrieved May 12, 2015, from http://health.mw.go.kr(2011, January 1).

3.
Lee YT, Yoon TY, Kim SH: Functional health literacy and understanding of explanation according to characteristics of patients. Health Med Sociol 32: 145-171, 2012.

4.
US Department of Health & Human Services: Heathy People 2010: With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health, Health Communication. 2nd ed. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC, pp.219-231, 2000.

5.
Berg JH, Slayton BL: Early Childhood Oral Health. 1st ed. Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, pp.200-201, 2009.

6.
Hwang TY: Understanding Health Literacy Implications for Medicine and Public Health. 1st ed. Academy Press, Seoul, pp.5-9, 2010.

7.
Schillinger D, Bindman AB, Wang F, Stewart AL, Piette J: Functional health literacy and the quality of physician-patient communication among diabetes patients. Patient Educ Couns 52: 315-323, 2004. crossref(new window)

8.
Ju HJ, Oh HW, Kim JY, Lee HS: A cross-sectional study on oral health literacy and its influencing factors among adults: Verbal oral health literacy. J Korean Acad Oral Health 36: 97-105, 2012.

9.
Ju HJ, Oh HW, Lee HS: A cross-sectional study on oral health literacy and its influencing factors among adults: Functional oral health literacy. J Korean Acad Oral Health 37: 81-88, 2013. crossref(new window)

10.
Lee MY: The measurement tools and related factors for oral health literacy. Unpublished master's thesis, Namseoul University, Cheonan, 2014.

11.
Cohen LA, Bonito AJ, Akin D, et al.: Toothache pain: a comparison of visits to physicians, emergency departments and dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 139: 1205-1216, 2008. crossref(new window)

12.
Gonzalez YM, Lozier EB: Oral cancer screening, dental needs assessment and risk factors literacy in Hispanic population of western New York. N Y State Dent J 73: 32-35, 2007.

13.
Ministry of Health & Welfare: 2012 Korean National Oral Health Survey. Ministry of Health & Welfare, Sejong, pp.41-43, 249, 2013.

14.
Ministry of Health & Welfare: 2010 Korean National Oral Health Survey. Ministry of Health & Welfare, Sejong, pp.149-162, 2011.

15.
Ministry of Health & Welfare: 2006 Korean National Oral Health Survey. Ministry of Health & Welfare, Sejong, pp.55-58, 2007.

16.
Ministry of Health & Welfare: 2003 Korean National Oral Health Survey. Ministry of Health & Welfare, Sejong, pp.43-47, 2004.

17.
Ministry of Health & Welfare: 2000 Korean National Oral Health Survey. Ministry of Health & Welfare, Sejong, pp.17-20, 2001.

18.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Trends in oral health status united states 1988-1994 and 1999-2004. Vital Health Stat 11: 5-6, 2007.

19.
Korea Health Promotion Foundation: Evaluative Report of the 3rd Health Plan 2011-2020. Korea Health Promotion Foundation, Seoul, pp.184-185, 2015.

20.
Chang GW, Hwang YS, Kim JB, et al.: Oral Health Education. 4th ed. Komoonsa, Seoul, pp.37, 2009.

21.
Lee JH: Oral health knowledge and practices among housewives at apartment houses in metropolitan area. Unpublished master's thesis, Pusan National University, Busan, 1997.

22.
Seo SY: The influence of parents' knowledge for oral hygiene or health on the oral health of their infants. Unpublished master's thesis, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, 2011.

23.
Gong MS, Lee HS, Kim SN: Children's dental health behavior in relation to their mothers' dental health knowledge level, attitude toward dentist and dental health behaviors. J Korean Acad Oral Health 18: 84-94, 1994.

24.
Al-Omiri MK, Al-Wahadni AM, Saeed KN: Oral health attitudes, knowledge, and behavior among school children in North Jordan. J Dent Euc 70: 179-187, 2006.

25.
Park JS: Kang EJ, Song JY, Song GS: The influence on infant oral health care from mother's experience of oral health education. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 12: 1183-1192, 2012. crossref(new window)

26.
Kim EJ: Preschool children's oral health behavior according to their mothers' oral health knowledge and behavior characteristics. Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 2012.

27.
Mejia GC, Weintraub JA, Cheng NF, et al.: Language and literacy relate to lack of children's dental sealant use. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 39: 318-324, 2011. crossref(new window)

28.
Vann WF Jr, Lee JY, Baker AD, Divaris K: Oral health literacy among female caregiver: Impact on the oral health outcomes in early childhood. J Dent Res 89: 1395-1400, 2010. crossref(new window)

29.
Ju HJ: Effects of mothers' oral Health literacy on oral health management of children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 2014.

30.
Ryu DY: Development of oral health literacy instrument for Korean children's caregiver. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Gangneung Wonju National University, Gangneung, 2013.

31.
Lee BL, Kim YH: Association between oral health literacy and oral health behaviors of adults in Korea. Health Med Sociol 37: 87-102, 2014.

32.
Richman JA, Lee JY, Rozier RG, Gong DA, Pahel BT, Vann WF Jr: Evaluation of a word recognition instrument to test health literacy in dentistry, the REALD-99. J Public Health Dent 67: 99-104, 2007. crossref(new window)

33.
Gong DA, Lee JY, Rozier RG, Pahel BT, Richman JA, Vann WF Jr.: Development and testing of the test of functional health literacy in dentistry (TOFHLiD). J Public Health Dent 67: 105-112, 2007. crossref(new window)

34.
Sung TJ: Modern Educational Evaluation. 3rd ed. Hakjisa, Seoul, pp.245-246, 2010.

35.
Choi HS: Application of mothers involved in the dental health program for children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Eulji University, Seongnam, 2012.

36.
An HY, Lee KM: Application of dental health program for elementary school children. Child Health Nurs Res 16: 49-55, 2010.

37.
Korean Dental Hygienist Association: Clinical Dental Hygiene Education. 1st ed. DaehanNarae Publishing, Seoul, pp.180-182, 2014.

38.
Seo HW: A study on development and effects of oral health education program for preschool children. Unpublished master's thesis, Hanyang University Graduate School, Seoul, 2014.

39.
Shin HM: The effects of oral health education activities in kindergarten and elementary schools. Unpublished master's thesis, Gwangju University, Gwangju, 2008.

40.
Han JH, Lim DS, Ahn YS: A study on the oral health state in children at age 5 and the oral health behavior in mothers for some parts of Gyeonggi region. J Dent Hyg Sci 9: 115-120, 2009.

41.
Lee SN, Kim ES: Comparison between early childhood teachers and mothers in perception of oral health behavior and education for children. J Dent Hyg Sci 13: 125-134, 2013.

42.
Miller E, Lee JY, Dewalt DA, Vann WF Jr: Impact of caregiver literacy on children's oral health outcomes. Pediatr 126: 107-114, 2010. crossref(new window)

43.
Choi SS: Relation between oral health knowledge and behavior of mother and a oral health condition of children. J Dent Hyg Sci 5: 245-250, 2005.