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Association between the Number of Existing Permanent Teeth and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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  • Journal title : Journal of dental hygiene science
  • Volume 16, Issue 3,  2016, pp.217-224
  • Publisher : the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
  • DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2016.16.3.217
 Title & Authors
Association between the Number of Existing Permanent Teeth and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Shin, Hye-Sun; Ahn, Yong-Soon; Lim, Do-Seon;
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The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the number of existing permanent teeth is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a representative sample of Korean adults. Data from 3,107 subjects who participated in the 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were examined. The dependent variable was COPD and the independent variable was the number of existing permanent teeth. Spirometry results were classified into three groups (normal pattern, restrictive pattern, and obstructive pattern) by trained technicians. We used dichotomized COPD variables (no vs. yes). The number of existing permanent teeth was evaluated by oral examination and divided into 3 groups (0~19, 20~27, and 28). Demographic factors (age group and sex group), socioeconomic status (education and income), health behaviors (smoking and drinking), oral health and behavior (frequency of toothbrushing; periodontitis; decayed, missing, filled, permanent teeth index; and denture status), and general health status (body mass index, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension) were included as confounders in the analysis. Bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analyses including confounders were applied, and all analyses considered a complex sampling design. Stratified analysis was performed by smoking status. After controlling for various confounders, there was a significant association between the number of existing permanent teeth and COPD (odds ratio [OR], 1.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20~3.00 for the 20~27 group; OR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.75~8.84 for the 0~19 group). The association was more significant in current smokers (OR, 8.90; 95% CI, 2.53~31.33). Our data indicate that the number of existing permanent teeth was independently associated with COPD, especially in current smokers. Further longitudinal research is needed to determine whether oral health promotion plays a role in the improvement of lung function and prevention of COPD.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey;Number of existing permanent teeth;Respiration disorders;
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중장년층과 노년층의 건강관련 특성이 현존 자연치아수에 미치는 영향,이은주;

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