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The Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Diabetes Knowledge and Health Promoting Behaviors: Focus on Gender Differentiation
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 Title & Authors
The Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Diabetes Knowledge and Health Promoting Behaviors: Focus on Gender Differentiation
Hong, Eunyoung;
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Purpose: This study examined diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, and health promoting behaviors, and investigated factors affecting health-promoting behaviors of middle-aged people. Methods: From August to September 2014, a convenience sample of 264 subjects was recruited from B city and G province. The data analysis was done by test, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Diabetes knowledge was in men and in women. The average levels of self-efficacy and health promoting behaviors of subjects were similar with other middle-aged individuals. Diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, and health promoting behaviors had a positive correlation with each other in both men and women. To test the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between diabetes knowledge and health promoting behaviors, a Sobel test was performed and Z-scores of 3.698(p<.001) in men and 2.748(p=.006) in women were obtained. Conclusion: Diabetes prevention education is recommended for the middle-aged community. When developing diabetes prevention program for middle-aged people, such programs should consider self-efficacy, especially in women.
Middle aged;Diabetes Mellitus;Self-efficacy;Health behavior;
 Cited by
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