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Effects of Health Status and Health Management on Activities of Daily Living among Urban-Dwelling Older Koreans
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Health Status and Health Management on Activities of Daily Living among Urban-Dwelling Older Koreans
Chung, Myung Sill; Lim, Kyung-Choon; Kim, Yeon Ha;
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of health status and health management on activities of daily living (ADL) in older, urban-dwelling Koreans. Methods: A total of 206 subjects were recruited from one senior welfare center, six senior citizen centers, and subjects' home in two cities. Data was collected with self-reported questionnaires in order to measure health management, health status, and ADL. Data was analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple linear regression using SPSS/WIN 22.0. Results: ADL in this subject were different depending on their age, education, marital status, type of family, and average monthly living expenses. Multivariate analysis showed that age (, p<.001), exercise ability (, p<.001), diabetes (, p<.001), osteoarthritis (, p<.001), caregiver (, p=.005), frequency of health management (, p=.006), smoking (, p=.019), hypertension (, p=.027), and type of family (, p=.036) were significantly associated with ADL. Overall, approximately 60.2% of total variability in ADL could be explained by the 11 variables in this model (, F=32.06, p<.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that individualized health care should be continued for older, community-dwelling Koreans in order to improve their ADL. Moreover, we need to develop self-care programs and encourage them to participate in those programs.
Health status;Health care;Activities of daily living;Aged;
 Cited by
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