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Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for Multiple UAVs Formation Using Passive Sensing
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 Title & Authors
Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for Multiple UAVs Formation Using Passive Sensing
Shin, Hyo-Sang; Thak, Min-Jea; Kim, Hyoun-Jin;
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In this paper, nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) is addressed to develop formation guidance for multiple unmanned aerial vehicles. An NMPC algorithm predicts the behavior of a system over a receding time horizon, and the NMPC generates the optimal control commands for the horizon. The first input command is, then, applied to the system and this procedure repeats at each time step. The input constraint and state constraint for formation flight and inter-collision avoidance are considered in the proposed NMPC framework. The performance of NMPC for formation guidance critically degrades when there exists a communication failure. In order to address this problem, the modified optimal guidance law using only line-of-sight, relative distance, and own motion information is presented. If this information can be measured or estimated, the proposed formation guidance is sustainable with the communication failure. The performance of this approach is validated by numerical simulations.
Unmanned air vehicles;Nonlinear model predictive control;Communication;Formation guidance;Collision avoidance;
 Cited by
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