Feasibility Study to Actively Compensate Deformations of Composite Structure in a Space Environment

Title & Authors
Feasibility Study to Actively Compensate Deformations of Composite Structure in a Space Environment
Farinelli, Ciro; Kim, Hong-Il; Han, Jae-Hung;

Abstract
An active compensation method for the deformation of composite structures using additional controllable metal parts is proposed, and its feasibility is experimentally investigated in a simulated space environment. Composite specimens are tested in a vacuum chamber, which is able to maintain pressure on the order of 10-3 torr and interior temperature in the range of $\small{{\pm}30^{\circ}C}$. The displacement-measuring interferometer system, which consists of a heterodyne HeNe laser and an interferometer, is used to measure the displacement of the whole structure. Meanwhile, the strain of the composite part and temperature of both parts are measured by fiber Bragg grating sensors and thermistors, respectively. The displacement of the composite structure is maintained within a tolerance of $\small{{\pm}1{\mu}m}$ by controlling the elongation of the metal part, which is bonded to the end of the composite part. Also, the possibility of fiber Bragg grating sensors as control input sensors is successfully demonstrated using a proper corrective factor based on the specimen temperature gradient data.
Keywords
composite structure;dimensional stability;coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE);fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors;displacement measuring interferometer (DMI);space environment;
Language
English
Cited by
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