JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Flight Mechanics-Centric Review of Bird-Scale Flapping Flight
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Flight Mechanics-Centric Review of Bird-Scale Flapping Flight
Paranjape, Aditya A.; Dorothy, Michael R.; Chung, Soon-Jo; Lee, Ki-D.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This paper reviews the flight mechanics and control of birds and bird-size aircraft. It is intended to fill a niche in the current survey literature which focuses primarily on the aerodynamics, flight dynamics and control of insect scale flight. We review the flight mechanics from first principles and summarize some recent results on the stability and control of birds and bird-scale aircraft. Birds spend a considerable portion of their flight in the gliding (i.e., non-flapping) phase. Therefore, we also review the stability and control of gliding flight, and particularly those aspects which are derived from the unique control features of birds.
 Keywords
Bird-size aircraft;Flapping flight;Flight mechanics;Micro aerial vehicle;Bio-inspired flight;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Control Effectiveness Analysis of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta: a Multibody Dynamics Approach,;;

International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 2013. vol.14. 2, pp.152-161 crossref(new window)
1.
Effects of aspect ratio on flapping wing aerodynamics in animal flight, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2014, 30, 6, 776  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Gust Mitigation of Micro Air Vehicles Using Passive Articulated Wings, The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 2014, 1  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Novel Dihedral-Based Control of Flapping-Wing Aircraft With Application to Perching, IEEE Transactions on Robotics, 2013, 29, 5, 1071  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Control Effectiveness Analysis of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta: a Multibody Dynamics Approach, International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 2013, 14, 2, 152  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Shyy, W., Aono, H., Chimakurthi, S. K., Trizila, P., Kang, C.-K., Cesnik, C. E. S., and Liu, H., "Recent progress in flapping wing aerodynamics and aeroelasticity", Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 46, 2010, pp. 284-327. crossref(new window)

2.
Orlowski, C. T., and Girard, A. R., "Dynamics, stability, and control analysis of flapping wing micro-air vehicles", Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 0, No. 0, 2012, pp. 18-30.

3.
Taha, H., Hajj, M., and Nayfeh, A., "Flight dynamics and control of flapping-Wing MAVs: A review", Nonlinear Dynamics, 2012, pp. 1-33.

4.
Azuma, A., The Biokinetics of Flying and Swimming, 2nd ed., American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, VA, 2006.

5.
Mueller, T. J., Fixed and Flapping Wing Aerodynamics for Micro Air Vehicle Applications, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics , Reston VA, 2001.

6.
Brown, R. H. J., "The flight of birds." Biological Reviews, Vol. 38, 1963, pp. 460-489. crossref(new window)

7.
Deng, X., Schenato, L., and Sastry, S. S., "Flapping flight for biomimetic robotic insects: Part II: Flight control design", IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2006, pp. 789-803. crossref(new window)

8.
Deng, X., Schenato, L., Wu, W. C., and Sastry, S. S., "Flapping flight for biomimetic robotic insects: Part I-system modeling", IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2006, pp. 776-788. crossref(new window)

9.
Dickinson, M. H., Lehmann, F.-O., and Sane, S. P., "Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight", Science, Vol. 284, No. 5422, 1999, pp. (5422):11954-1960.

10.
Doman, D. B., Oppenheimer, M., and Sigthorsson, D., "Wingbeat shape modulation for flapping-wing micro-airvehicle control during hover", Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 33, No. 3 ,2010, pp. 724 = 239. crossref(new window)

11.
Doman, D. B., Tang, C. P., and Regisford, S., "Modeling interactions between flexible flapping-wing spars, mechanisms, and drive motors", Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 34, No. 5, 2011, pp. 1457 - 1473. crossref(new window)

12.
Wood, R. J., "The first takeoff of a biologically inspired at-scale robotic insect", IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2008, pp. 341 - 347. crossref(new window)

13.
Weis-Fogh, T., "Energetics of hovering flight in hummingbirds and in drosophila", Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 56, 1972, pp. 79-104,.

14.
Weis-Fogh, T., "Quick estimates of flight fitness in hovering animals, including novel mechanisms for lift production", Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 59, 1973., pp. 169 - 230.

15.
Roget, B., Sitaraman, J., Harmon, R., Grauer, J., Hubbard, J. E., and Humbert, J. S., "Computational study of flexible wing ornithopter flight", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 46, No. 6, 2010, pp. 2016 - 2031.

16.
Paranjape, A. A., Chung, S.-J., Hilton, H. H., and Chakravarthy, A., "Dynamics and performance of tailless micro aerial vehicle with flexible articulated wings" AIAA Journal, Vol. 50, No. 5, 2012, pp. 1177 - 1188. crossref(new window)

17.
Paranjape, A. A., Chung, S.-J., and Selig, M. S., "Flight mechanics of a tailless articulated wing aircraft", Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2011, paper 026005.

18.
Paranjape, A. A., Kim, J., and Chung, S.-J., "Closedloop perching of aerial robots with articulated flapping wings", IEEE Transaction on Robotics, 2012. under review.

19.
Leylek, E., and Costello, M., "Effects of articulated wings on the stability of small unmanned aircraft", AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

20.
Cuji, E., and Garcia, E., "Prediction of aircraft dynamics with shape changing wings", Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, edited by M. Ahmadian, Proc. of SPIE, United States, 2008, pages 69282B-1-69282B-10

21.
Obradovic, B., and Subbarao, K., "Modeling of dynamic loading of morphing-wing aircraft", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2011, pp. 424 - 435. crossref(new window)

22.
Obradovic, B., and Subbarao, K., "Modeling of flight dynamics of morphing wing aircraft", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2011, pp. 391 - 402 crossref(new window)

23.
Cory, R., and Tedrake. R., "Experiments in fixed-wing UAV perching", AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, Honolulu, HI, 2008.

24.
Crowther, W. J., "Perched landing and takeoff for fixed wing UAVs", In NATO Symposium on Unmanned Vehicles for Aerial, Ground, and Naval Military Operations, Ankara, Turkey, 2000.

25.
Wickenheiser, A., and Garcia, E., "Longitudinal dynamics of a perching aircraft", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 43, No. 5, 2006, pp. 1386 - 1392 crossref(new window)

26.
Wickenheiser, A., and Garcia, E., "Optimization of perching maneuvers through vehicle morphing", Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2008, pp. 815-823. crossref(new window)

27.
Dorothy, M., Paranjape, A. A., Kuang, P. D., and Chung, S.-J., Toward Bioinspired Robotic Aircraft: CPG-based Control of Flapping and Gliding Flight, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), Reston, VA, 2012. ISBN: 9781600868979.

28.
DeLaurier, J. D., "An aerodynamic model for flappingwing flight", Aeronautical Journal, Vol. 97, No. 964, 1993, pp. 125 - 130.

29.
Goman, M., and Khrabrov, A., "State-space representation of aerodynamic characteristics of an aircraft at high angles of attack", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 31, No. 5, 1994, pp. 1109 -1115. crossref(new window)

30.
Bommanahal, M., and Goman, M., "Nonlinear unsteady aerodynamic modeling by volterra variational approach", In Prof. AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

31.
Peters, D. A., Karunamoorthy, S., and Cao, W. M., "Finite state induced flow models part I: Two-dimensional thin airfoil", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1995, pp. 313-322. crossref(new window)

32.
Peters, D. A., and He, C. J., "Finite state induced flow models part II: Three-dimensional rotor disk"Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1995, pp. 323-333. crossref(new window)

33.
Theodorsen, T., "General theory of aerodynamic instability and the mechanism of flutter", Technical report, NACA Report 496, 1935.

34.
Chung, S.-J., and Dorothy, M., "Neurobiologically inspired control of engineered flapping flight", Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2010, pp. 440-453. crossref(new window)

35.
Lee, J.-S., Kim, J.-K., Kim, D.-K., and Han, J.-H., "Longitudinal flight dynamics of bioinspired ornithopter considering fluidstructure interaction", Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2011, pp. 667-677. crossref(new window)

36.
Heathcote, Martin, S., D., and Gursul, I., "Flexible flapping airfoil propulsion at zero freestream velocity", AIAA Journal, Vol. 42,No. 11, 2004, pp. 2196 - 2204. crossref(new window)

37.
Heathcote, S., Wang, Z., and Gursul, I., "Effect of spanwise flexibility on flapping wing propulsion", Journal of Fluids and Structures, Vol. 24, 2008, pp. 183-199. crossref(new window)

38.
Thomas, A. L. R., and Taylor, G. K., "Animal flight dynamics I. stability in gliding flight. Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 212, 2002, pp. 399-424.

39.
Taylor, G. K., and Thomas, A. L. R., "Animal flight dynamics II. longitudinal stability in flapping flight", Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 214, 2002, pp. 351 - 370. crossref(new window)

40.
Sachs, G., and Holzapfel, F., "Flight mechanic and aerodynamic aspects of extremely large dihedral in birds", In Proc. AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit 2007, Reno, NV, 2007.

41.
Sachs, G., "What can be learned from unique lateraldirectional dynamics properties of birds for mini-aircraft" In Proc. AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference 2007, Hilton Head, SC, 2007.

42.
G. Sachs. "Why birds and miniscale airplanes need no vertical tail", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 44, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1159 - 1167. crossref(new window)

43.
Paranjape, A. A., and Chung, S.-J., "Flight mechanics of a tailless articulated wing aircraft", In Proc. AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2010.

44.
Paranjape, A. A., "Dynamics and Control of Robotic Aircraft with Articulated Wings", Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States, 2011.

45.
Mwongera, V. M., and Lowenberg, M. H., "Bifurcation analysis of a flapping wing mav in longitudinal flight", In Proc. AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

46.
Leonard, B. Y., "Flapping wing flight dynamic modeling", Master's thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2011.

47.
Guckenheimer, J., and Holmes, P., Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems and Bifurcations of Vector Fields, Springer Verlag, New York, 1983.

48.
Paranjape, A. A., Sinha, N. K., and Ananthkrishnan, N., "Use of bifurcation and continuation methods for aircraft trim and stability analysis - a state-of-the-art", Journal of Aerospace Sciences and Technologies, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2008, pp. 1 - 12.

49.
Dietl, J. M., and Garcia, E., "Stability in ornithopter longitudinal flight dynamics", Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2008, pp. 1157 - 1162. crossref(new window)

50.
Oppenheimer, M. W., Doman, D., and Bolender, M. A., "Control allocation for over-actuated systems", 14th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, Ancona, Italy, 2006.

51.
Abdulrahim, M., Garcia, H., and Lind, R., "Flight characteristics of shaping the membrane wing of a micro air vehicle", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2005, pp. 131-137. crossref(new window)

52.
Paranjape, A. A., Kim, J., Gandhi, N., and Chung, S.- J., "Experimental demonstration of perching by a tailless articulated wing MAV", AIAA Guidance Navigation and Control Conference , Portland, OR, 2011.

53.
Zhao, Y. J., "Optimal patterns of glider dynamic soaring", Optimal Control Applications and Methods, Vol. 25, 2004, pp. 67 - 89. crossref(new window)

54.
Sachs, G., Lenz, J., and Holzapfel, F., "Optimization of flap-bounding flight", AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Portland, OR, 2011.

55.
Sachs, G., Lenz, J., and Holzapfel, F., "Performance enhancements by bounding flight", AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

56.
Cao, C., and Hovakimyan, N., "Design and analysis of a novel L1 adaptive control architecture with guaranteed transient performance", IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol. 53, No. 2, 2008, pp. 586 - 591. crossref(new window)

57.
Hovakimyan, N., Lavretsky, E., and Sasane, A., "Dynamic inversion for nonaffine-in-control systems via time-scale separation", Part I. Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2007, pp. 451 - 465. crossref(new window)

58.
Bhatia, M., Patil, M., Woolsey, C., Stanford, B., and Beran, P., "LQR controller for stabilization of flapping wing MAV in gust environments", AIAA Atmospheric Flight Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

59.
Hedrick, T. L., and Biewener, A. A., "Experimental study of low speed turning flight in cockatoos and cockatiels", AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, 2007.

60.
Tian, X., Iriarte, J., Middleton, K., Galvao, R., Israeli, E., Roemer, A., Sullivan, A., Song, A., Swartz, S., and Breuer, K., "Direct measurements of the kinematics and dynamics of bat flight", 36th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit, San Francisco, CA, 2006.

61.
Aldridge, H. D. J. N., "Turning fight of bats", Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 128, 1987, pp. 419 - 425.

62.
Iriarte-Diaz, J., and Swartz, S. M., "Kinematics of slow turn maneuvering in the fruit bat cynopterus brachyotis", Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 211, 2008, pp. 3478-3489. crossref(new window)

63.
Dorothy, M., and Chung, S.J., "Methodological remarks on CPG-based control of flapping flight", AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Toronto, ON, Aug. 2010.

64.
Chung, S.-J., Dorothy, M., and Stoner, J. R., "Neurobiologically inspired control of engineered flapping flight", AIAA Infotech at Aerospace and Unmanned Unlimited Conference and Exhibit, Seattle, WA,Apr. 2009.

65.
Kuang, P. D., Dorothy, M., and Chung, S.-J., "Robobat: Dynamics and control of a robotic bat aping flying testbed", AIAA Infotech at Aerospace Conference, St. Louis, MO, 2011.

66.
Paranjape, A. A. Guan, J. Chung, S.-J., and Krstic, M. "PDE Boundary Control for Flexible Articulated Wings on a Robotic Aircraft", IEEE Transactions on Robotics, to be published, 2012.