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Ground Base Laser Torque Applied on LEO Satellites of Various Geometries
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 Title & Authors
Ground Base Laser Torque Applied on LEO Satellites of Various Geometries
Khalifa, N.S.;
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This paper is devoted to investigate the feasibility of using a medium power ground-based laser to produce a torque on LEO satellites of various shapes. The laser intensity delivered to a satellite is calculated using a simple model of laser propagation in which a standard atmospheric condition and linear atmospheric interaction mechanism is assumed. The laser force is formulated using a geocentric equatorial system in which the Earth is an oblate spheroid. The torque is formulated for a cylindrical satellite, spherical satellites and for satellites of complex shape. The torque algorithm is implemented for some sun synchronous low Earth orbit cubesats. Based on satellites perigee height, the results demonstrate that laser torque affecting on a cubesat has a maximum value in the order of which is comparable with that of solar radiation. However, it has a minimum value in the order of which is comparable with that of gravity gradient. Moreover, the results clarify the dependency of the laser torque on the orbital eccentricity. As the orbit becomes more circular it will experience less torque. So, we can conclude that the ground based laser torque has a significant contribution on the low Earth orbit cubesats. It can be adjusted to obtain the required control torque and it can be used as an active attitude control system for cubesats.
linear atmospheric mechanism of laser interactions;radiation torque;The Attitude Determination and Control System (ADCS);geocentric equatorial coordinate systems;spherical and cylindrical coordinate systems;LEO satellites and cubesats;
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