Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study on Anomalous Electron Diffusion in the Hall Effect Thruster
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Study on Anomalous Electron Diffusion in the Hall Effect Thruster
Kwon, Kybeom; Walker, Mitchell L.R.; Mavris, Dimitri N.;
  PDF(new window)
Over the last two decades, numerous experimental and numerical efforts have examined physical phenomena in plasma discharge devices. The physical mechanisms that govern the anomalous electron diffusion from the cathode to the anode in the Hall Effect Thruster (HET) are not fully understood. This work used 1-D numerical method to improve our understanding and gain insight into the effect of the anomalous electron diffusion in the HET. To this end, numerical solutions are compared with various experimental HET performance measurements and the effects of anomalous electron diffusion are analyzed. The relationships between the anomalous electron diffusion and important parameters of the HET are also studied quantitatively. The work identifies the cathode mass flow rate fraction, radial magnetic field distribution, and discharge voltage as significant factors that affect anomalous electron diffusion. Additionally, the study demonstrates a computational process to determine the radial magnetic field distribution required to achieve specific thruster performance goals.
Hall effect thruster;anomalous electron diffusion;statistical approach;
 Cited by
MULTI-PHYSICAL SIMULATION FOR THE DESIGN OF AN ELECTRIC RESISTOJET GAS THRUSTER IN THE NEXTSAT-1, Journal of computational fluids engineering, 2016, 21, 2, 112  crossref(new windwow)
Oh, D. Y., "Evaluation of solar electric propulsion technologies for discovery class missions", Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 44, 2007, pp. 399-411.

Morozov, A., Esipchuk, Y., Tilinin, G., Trofimov, A., Sharov, Y. and Shchepkin, G. Y., "Plasma accelerator with closed electron drift and extended acceleration zone", Soviet Physics - Techincal Physics, Vol. 17, 1972, pp. 38-45.

Janes, G. and Lowder, R., "Anomalous electron diffusion and ion acceleration in a low-density plasma", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 9, 1966, pp. 1115-1123.

Koo, J. W. and Boyd, I. D., "Computational model of a Hall thruster", Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 164, 2004, pp. 442-447. crossref(new window)

Boniface, C., Garrigues, L., Hagelaar, G. J. M., Boeuf, J. P., Gawron, D. and Mazouffre, S., "Anomalous cross field electron transport in a Hall effect thruster", Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 89, 2006, 161503. crossref(new window)

Bultinck, E., Mahieu, S., Depla, D. and Bogaerts, A., "The origin of Bohm diffusion, investigated by a comparison of different modeling methods", Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 43, 2010, 292001. crossref(new window)

Li, H., Zhang, F., Liu, H. and Yu, D., "Characteristics of electron near-wall transport under two-dimensional dynamic sheath in a Hall effect thruster", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, 2010, 074505. crossref(new window)

Raitses, Y., Kaganovich, I. D., Khrabrov, A., Sydorenko, D., Fisch, N. J. and Smolyakov, A., "Effect of secondary electron emission on electron cross-field current in E x B discharges", IEEE Transaction on Plasma Science, Vol. 39, 2011, pp. 995-1006. crossref(new window)

Hagelaar, G. J. M. and Oudini, N., "Plasma transport across magnetic field lines in low-temperature plasma sources", Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 53, 2011, 124032. crossref(new window)

Coche, P. and Garrigues, L., "Study of stochastic effects in a Hall effect thruster using a test particles Monte-Carlo model", Proceedings of the 32nd International Electric Propulsion Conference, IEPC-2011-255, Wiesbaden, Germany, September, 2011.

Kwon, K., Walker, M. L. R. and Mavris, D. N., "Selfconsistent, one-dimensional analysis of the Hall effect thruster", Plasma Sources Science and Technology, Vol. 20, 2011, 045021. crossref(new window)

Roy, R. I. S., Hastings, D. E. and Taylor, S., "Threedimensional plasma particle-in-cell calculations of ion thruster backflow contamination", Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 128, 1996, pp. 6-18. crossref(new window)

Szabo, J. J., "Fully kinetic numerical modeling of a plasma thruster", Ph.D. Thesis, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001.

Adam, J. C., Heron, A. and Laval, G., "Study of stationary plasma thrusters using two-dimensional fully kinetic simulations", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 12, 2004, pp. 295-305.

Toth, G., Ma, Y. and Gombosi, T. I., "Hall magnetohydrodynamic on block-adaptive grids", Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 227, 2008, pp. 6967-6984. crossref(new window)

Ahedo, E., Cerezo, P. M. and Martinez-Sanchez, M., "One-dimensional model of the plasma flow in a Hall thruster", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, 2001, pp. 3058-3068. crossref(new window)

Fife, J. M., "Hybrid-PIC modeling and electrostatic probe survey of Hall thruster", Ph.D. Thesis, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1998.

Koo, J. W. and Boyd, I. D., "Modeling of anomalous electron mobility in Hall thrusters", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 13, 2006, 033501. crossref(new window)

Clauss, C. W., Tilley, D. L. and Barnhart, D. A., "Benefits of low-power stationary plasma thruster propulsion for small satellites", Proceedings of the 9th AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites, Logan, Utah, 1995.

Sankovic, J. M., Manley, J. A. and Haag, T. W., "Performance evaluation of the Russian SPT-100 thruster at NASA LeRC", Proceedings of the 23rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, IEPC-93-094, Seattle, Washington, September, 1993.

Fife, J. M., "Two-dimensional hybrid particle-in-cell modeling of Hall thruster", Master Thesis, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1995.

Ahedo, E. Gallardo, J. M. and Martinez-Sanchez, M., "Model of the plasma discharge in a Hall thruster with heat conduction", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 10, 2002, pp. 3397-3409.

Hofer, R. R., Katz, I. Mikellides, I. G. and Gamero- Castano, M., "Heavy particle velocity and electron mobility modeling in hybrid-PIC Hall thruster simulations", Proceedings of the 42nd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, AIAA-2006-4658, Sacramento, California, July 2006.

SAS Institute Inc., "$JMP^{(R)}$ 8.0 Help File", 2008.

Mason, L. S., Jankovsky, R. S. and Manzella, D. H., "1000 hours of testing on a 10 kilowatt Hall effect thruster", Proceedings of the 37th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, AIAA-2001-3773, Salt Lake City, Utah, July 2001.

Jankovsky, R. S. and McLean, C., "Preliminary evaluation of a 10 kW Hall thruster", Proceedings of the 37th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, AIAA-1999-456, Reno, Nevada, January 1999.

Manzella, D., Jankovsky, R. and Hofer, R., "Laboratory model 50 kW Hall thruster", Proceedings of the 38th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, AIAA-2002-3676, Indianapolis, Indiana, July 2002.

Haas, J. M., Gulczinski, F. S., Gallimore, A. D., Spanjers, G. G. and Spores, R. A., "Performance characteristics of a 5 kW laboratory Hall thruster", Proceedings of the 34th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, AIAA-1998-3503, Cleveland, Ohio, July 1998.

Gulczinski, F. S., "Examination of the structure and evolution of ion energy properties of a 5 kW class laboratory Hall effect thruster at various operational conditions", Ph.D. Thesis, Aerospace, The University of Michigan, 1999.