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Analysis of Multiple Pesticide Residues in Apples and Pears Using Gas-Liquid Chromatography
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 Title & Authors
Analysis of Multiple Pesticide Residues in Apples and Pears Using Gas-Liquid Chromatography
Park, Ju-Hwang; Kim, Taek-Kyum; Oh, Chang-Hwan; Kim, Jeong-Han; Lee, Young-Deuk; Kim, Jang-Eok;
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A rapid analytical method was developed to determine multiple pesticide residues in apples and pears using gas-liquid chromatography (GLC). The samples were extracted with water-miscible solvents and purified by cleanup procedures serially comprising liquid-liquid partition and solid-phase extraction (SPE). Each analyte was separated and determined by a high-resolution GLC equipped with electron-capture detector (ECD) and nitrogen-phosphorous detector (NPD). A total of 196 pesticides, which were previously classified into 5 groups each for ECD and NPD based on their retention behaviors on the capillary column and responses to the detector, were subjected to the recovery experiment. In compliance with the analytical criteria, 70 to 120% of recovery and less than 20% relative standard deviation the proposed method could be successfully applied to analyze 136 and 133 pesticide residues in apples and pears, respectively, which enabled not only rapid screening but quantitation of the residues. Even though less reliability was resulted from unacceptable recovery range, rest of pesticides including 43 and 45 analyzes in apples and pears, could be also detected for their identity. The proposed method fliled to cover 17 and 18 pesticides for apples and pears, which mostly showed high polarity or heat-lability but could be suitable far fast surveilance or monitoring of fruit harvests.
multiple pesticide residues;solid-phase extraction (SPE);apple;pear;GLC analysis;
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