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Neutralization of Pyrophyllite Mine Wastes by the Lime Cake By-Product
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 Title & Authors
Neutralization of Pyrophyllite Mine Wastes by the Lime Cake By-Product
Yoo, Kyung-Yoal; Cheong, Young-Wook; Ok, Yong-Sik; Yang, Jae-E.;
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Numerous abandoned or closed mines are present in the steep mountain valleys in Korea due to the depression of the mining industry since the late 1980s. From the mines, enormous amounts of wastes were dumped on the slopes causing sedimentation and acid mine drainage to be discharged directly into streams causing detrimental effects on surrounding environment. Objective of this research was to evaluate the feasibility of the lime cake by-product from the soda ash production (Solvay process) to neutralize the pyrophyllite mine wastes, which have discharged the acid drainage to soil and stream in the watershed. The pH of mine wastes was strongly acidic at pH 3.67 containing over 16% of and 11% of . Whereas the lime cake by-product was strongly basic at pH 9.97 due to high contents of CaO, MgO and as major components. Column experiments were conducted to test the neutralizing capacity of the lime cake by-product for the acidic pyrophyllite mine wastes. The column packed with the wastes (control) was treated with the lime cake by-product, calcium carbonate, the dressing soil or combination. The distilled water was eluted statically through the column and the leachate was collected for the chemical analyses. Treatments of the mine wastes with the lime cake by-product (or calcium carbonate) as mixtures increased pH of the leachate from . Concentrations of Fe and Al in the leachate were also decreased below 1.0 mg . A Similar result was observed at the combined treatments of the mine waste, the lime by-product (or calcium carbonate) and the dressing soil. The results indicated that the lime cake by-product could sufficiently neutralize the acid drainage from the pyrophyllite mine wastes without dressing soils.
pyrophyllite;mine waste;neutralization;lime cake by-product;acid mine drainage;;
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