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Screening of Adsorbent to Reduce Salt Concentration in the Plastic Film House Soil under Continuous Vegetable Cultivation
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 Title & Authors
Screening of Adsorbent to Reduce Salt Concentration in the Plastic Film House Soil under Continuous Vegetable Cultivation
Ok, Yong-Sik; Yoo, Kyung-Yoal; Kim, Yoo-Bum; Chung, Doug-Young; Park, Yong-Ha; Yang, Jae-E.;
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Salt accumulation in the plastic film house soils under continuous cultivation condition causes problems such as salt damages to plants, nitrate accumulation in vegetables, groundwater contamination, etc. due to excess application of fertilizers. Objective of this research was to find an optimum adsorbent to reduce salt concentration in the soil solution of plastic film house soils, where crop injuries have been observed due to the salt accumulation. The soils were significantly high in available P , exchangeable Ca and Mg , as compared to those of the average upland soils in Korea. Soils were treated with each of adsorbent such as ion-exchange resin, zeolite, rice bran, etc. at 2% level and prepared into saturated-paste samples. After equilibrium, soil solution was vacuum-extracted from the soil and measured for changes of the pH, EC, and concentrations of . Rice bran effectively removed in the soil solution up to 100%. Efficiency was decreased in the orders of rice bran > ion-exchange resin > zeolite. Removal efficiencies of zeolite and ion-exchange resin for were ranged from 1 to 65% and from 7 to 61%, respectively. Ion-exchange resin was also effective for removing . Overall results demonstrated that rice bran and ion-exchange resin could be applicable for salt accumulated soil to remove the respective anion and cation.
Salt accumulation;Plastic film house;Adsorbent;Saturated-paste;Soil solution;Quantity/intensity relationship;
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