JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Assessment of the Effects of Some Insecticides on Mortality of Earthworm (Eisenia fetida)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Assessment of the Effects of Some Insecticides on Mortality of Earthworm (Eisenia fetida)
Na, Young-Eun; Bang, Hae-Son; Kang, Kee-Kyung; Han, Min-Su; Ahn, Young-Joon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The toxic effects of 12 commercially available insecticides on the earthworm, Eisenia fetida (Savigny), were evaluated using artificial soil, surface sprayed soil, immersion, and contact filter tests. The risk to earthworm was assessed by the TER (toxic exposure ratio) value, which was calculated by the formula, TER=NOEC/PEC (predicted environmental concentration). TER was 3 for methomyl SL, 20 for carbaryl WP, 20 for phosphamidon SL, 30 for imidacloprid WP, and 60 for dichlorvos EC the in artificial soil test. At recommended, the earthworm mortality to methomyl SL reached 50% in the surface sprayed soil test, 72% in the immersion test, 30% in the contact filter paper test, whereas that to imidacloprid WP reached 56, 32, and 100 respectively. As a result of the four methods, methomyl SL and imidacloprid WP would be toxic insecticides to earthworm.
 Keywords
Earthworm;Eisenia fetida;insecticide;Toxicity;TER;NOEC;PEC;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Lumbricus rubellus를 이용한 endosulfan의 간편, 신속 독성 평가 및 endosulfan 분해 미생물의 선별,손호용;김홍주;금은주;이중복;권기석;

생명과학회지, 2006. vol.16. 1, pp.108-113 crossref(new window)
2.
HepG2 인간 세포주, Lumbricus rubellus 및 Saccharomyces cerevisiae를 이용한 내분비교란물질의 독성평가,손호용;김홍주;금은주;조민섭;이중복;김종식;권기석;

생명과학회지, 2006. vol.16. 6, pp.919-924 crossref(new window)
3.
Ivermectin이 함유된 우분이 줄지렁이에 미치는 영향,방혜선;나영은;김명현;한민수;이정택;

한국토양비료학회지, 2007. vol.40. 2, pp.114-117
4.
우분 분해에 대한 지렁이와 소똥구리의 상호작용,방혜선;나영은;정명표;김명현;한민수;강기경;이덕배;

한국환경농학회지, 2009. vol.28. 3, pp.238-242 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Campbell, P. M and Hutchinson, T. H. (1998) Wildlife and endocrine disruptors: requirements for hazard identification. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 11: 127-135

2.
Edwards, C. A. and Thompson, A. R. (1973) Pesticides and the soil fauna. Residue Rev. 45: 1-79

3.
Haque, A. and Ebing, W. (1983) Toxicity determination of pesticides to earthworm in the soil substrate. Z. Pflanzenkrank Pflanzenschutz 90: 395-408

4.
Lee, S. G. (1995) Eco-toxicity assessment on pesticide. Pesticide & Environment pp. 49-55

5.
Robert, B. L. and Dorough, H. W. (1984) Relative toxicities of chemicals to the earthworm, Eisenia foetida. Environ. Toxicol. Biochem. 3: 67-78 crossref(new window)

6.
Ruppel, R. F. and Laughlin, C. W. (1977) Toxicity of some soil pesticides to earthworms. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 50: 113-118

7.
Stringer, A. and Wright, M. A. (1976) The toxicity of benomyl and some related 2-substituted benzirnidazoles to the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris. Pestic. Sci. 7: 459-464 crossref(new window)

8.
Tomlin, C. D. S. (2003) The pesticide manual, 13th edu, irnidacloprid, pp. 562-564. BCPC

9.
Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (1999) Effect of estrogenic xenobiotics on molting of the water flea, Daphnia magna. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety 38: 281-285 crossref(new window)