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Leaching of Organophosphorus and Carbamate Pesticides in Soil Column and Prediction of Their Mobility Using the Convective Mobility Test Model in Soils
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 Title & Authors
Leaching of Organophosphorus and Carbamate Pesticides in Soil Column and Prediction of Their Mobility Using the Convective Mobility Test Model in Soils
Kim, Chan-Sub; Ihm, Yang-Bin; Lee, Hee-Dong; Oh, Byung-Youl;
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 Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the downward mobility of pesticides using soil columns and to compare the experimental results with values predicted from Convective mobility test model. Nine pesticides such as metolcarb, molinate, fanobucarb, isazofos, diazinon, fenitrothion, dimepiperate, parathion and chlorpyrifos-methyl were used for leaching test in soil column for four soils; Jungdong (upland soil), Gangseo (paddy soil), Yesan (forest soil), and Sineom(upland, volcanic ash-derived soil) series. The peak concentrations leached from 10 cm-columns of three soils except Sineom series ranged 6.5 to 12.6 mg/L for metolcarb, 2.6 to 5.0 mg/L for molinate, 4.5 to 7.8 mg/L for fenobucarb, 0.39 to 1.36 mg/L for dimepiperate, 1.1 to 4.6 mg/L for isazofos, 0.01 to 0.14 mg/L for diazinon, lower than 0.01 to 0.70 mg/L for fenitrothion and lower than 0.01 to 0.44 mg/L for parathion. But chlorpyrifos-methyl was not leached from any soil columns. Elution volumes to reach the peak of metolcarb, molinate, fenobucarb, isazofos, diazinon, and dimepiperate in the leachate ranged 1.1 to 2.1 pore volume (PV), 1.6 to 3.3 PV, 1.6 to 3.3 PV, 2.1 to 4.4 PV, 6 to 15 PV, and 8 to 21 PV, respectively. On the same water flux conditions, convection times estimated by Convective mobility test model were coincided with results from soil column test in most of the soil-pesticide combinations applied. Based on convection times estimated by the model at standard conditions (water flux 1 cm/day), metolcarb was classified as most mobile, molinate, fenobucarb and isazofos as mobile or most mobile, dimepiperate as moderately mobile or mobile, diazinon as mobile, fenitrothion and parathion as slightly mobile or mobile and chlorpyrifos-methyl as immobile or slightly mobile.
 Keywords
pesticide;leaching;soil column;adsorption;convection time;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
국내등록농약의 용탈 가능성 평가,김찬섭;이희동;임양빈;김정한;임건재;오병렬;

농약과학회지, 2006. vol.10. 4, pp.272-278
2.
인공강우와 콩재배 포장 라이시메타를 이용한 diazinon과 metolachlor의 유출량 평가,김찬섭;이병무;박병준;정필균;최주현;류갑희;

농약과학회지, 2006. vol.10. 4, pp.279-288
3.
인공강우에 의한 alachlor, ethalfluralin, ethoprophos 및 pendimethalin의 토양표면 유출,김찬섭;임양빈;이영득;오병렬;

한국환경농학회지, 2006. vol.25. 4, pp.306-315 crossref(new window)
4.
콩재배 포장 라이시메타를 이용한 alachlor, ethalfluralin, ethoprophos 및 pendimethalin의 유출량 평가,김찬섭;이희동;오병렬;이영득;

한국환경농학회지, 2006. vol.25. 4, pp.297-305 crossref(new window)
5.
인공강우와 콩재배 포장 라이시메타를 이용한 endosulfan의 유출량 평가,김찬섭;이희동;임양빈;임건재;

한국환경농학회지, 2007. vol.26. 4, pp.343-350 crossref(new window)
6.
토양 중 농약의 동태,이규승;

농약과학회지, 2010. vol.14. 3, pp.303-307
7.
내분비계장애추정농약의 밭토양 중 용탈 특성,노현호;이재윤;이광헌;박효경;경기성;

농약과학회지, 2013. vol.17. 3, pp.168-177 crossref(new window)
1.
Leaching Characteristics of the Endocrine Disruptor-suspected Pesticides in Upland Soil, The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, 2013, 17, 3, 168  crossref(new windwow)
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