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Vegetation Distribution Near Abandoned Metalliferous Mines and Seed Germination Properties of Woody Plants by the Contaminated Soils
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 Title & Authors
Vegetation Distribution Near Abandoned Metalliferous Mines and Seed Germination Properties of Woody Plants by the Contaminated Soils
Seo, Kyung-Won; Kim, Rae-Hyun; Koo, Jin-Woo; Noh, Nam-Jin; Kyung, Ji-Hyun; Kim, Jeong-Gyu; Son, Yo-Whan;
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This study was carried out to select the Eco-tree for successful phytoremediation of abandoned metalliferous mines. We examined vegetation and heavy metal concentrations of woody plants in abandoned mining areas, and also conducted seed germination and seedling growth experiment on contaminated soils from Gahak and Geumjeong mines. Pinus densiflora, Robinia pseudoacacia, Lespedeza bicolor and Alnus japonica showed high frequency in the survey areas and had high heavy metal concentrations compared to other species. Heavy metal concentrations were higher in roots than in leaves and stems. The seed germination rate was in the order of P. densiflora, L. bicolor, R. pseudoacacia, and Alnus japonica from the incubactor and greenhouse experiment. In the incubator experiment germination rate was highest in the control soil for P. densiflora and A. japonica. Germination rate of P. densiflora was highest on the 100% contaminated soil for Gahak mine while germination rate decreased with increased percentage of contaminated soil for Geumjeong mine. In the greenhouse experiment germination rate was lowest on the 40% contaminated soil for Gahak mine while germination rate was lowest on the 20% contaminated soil for Geumjeong mine and increased with increased percentage of contaminated soil. Shoot growth was highest for L. bicolor while root growth was highest for R. pseudoacacia except for 20% contaminated soil in Geumjeong mine.
heavy metal;abandoned metalliferous mines;seed germination;seedling growth;woody plant;
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