Publisher : The Korean Society of Environmental Agriculture
DOI : 10.5338/KJEA.2006.25.3.195
Title & Authors
Performance Evaluation of Anaerobic Bioreactors and Effects of Ammonia on Anaerobic Digestion in Treating Swine Wastewaters Lee, Gook-Hee; Seo, Jun-Won; Kim, Jong-Soo;
The operational characteristics of anaerobic bioreactors in treating swine wastewater were evaluated upto hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1 day and organic loading rate (OLR) of for 200 days. The bioreactors were effective in treating swine wastewaters with COD removal efficiency of and biogas generation of at OLR of . The two-stage ASBF anaerobic bioreactors was effective in treating different characteristics of swine wastewaters since they showed high and stable COD removal efficiency at high OLR due to effective retention of biomass by media and staging. The effects of ammonia on anaerobic digestion were investigated by operating two-stage ASBF reactors using swine wastewaters as influent without and with ammonia removal at HRT of days and OLR of for 250 days. The COD removal efficiency and biogas generation of two-stage ASBF reactors was decreased by increasing influent ammonia concentrations to 1,580 mg (T-N)/L with increasing OLR to , while those were increased by maintaining influent ammonia concentrations below 340 mg (T-N)/L by MAP precipitation with increasing OLR to . Initial inhibition of ammonia on anaerobic processes was observed at a concentration of 760 mg (T-N)/L and the COD removal efficiency and biogas generation dropped to 1/2 at ammonia concentration ranges of (T-N)/L. It is essential to remove ammonia in swine wastewaters to an initial inhibition level before anaerobic processes for the effective removal of COD.