Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Foliar Sprays of CaCl2 for Improving Fruit Quality of
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Foliar Sprays of CaCl2 for Improving Fruit Quality of
Kim, Ik-Youl; Kim, Mi-Young; Ru, Jong-Ho; Kim, Min; Lee, Yong-Se; Chang, Tae-Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
To evaluate the effectiveness of the foliar spray of calcium on "Baekdo" peach fruit, we carried out experiments in the orchards. The sprays were applied with with adjuvants (amino acid, ; phytic acid, and wood vinegar, ) for four times from June 12 through July 4 at weekly intervals. The fruits and leaves were evaluated for Ca content, firmness and incidence of Brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola at harvest To evaluate fruit quality included Ca content, firmness natural decay during the storage, the fruits were stored at room temperature for 14 days. The Ca content in leaf and fruit flesh at harvest was significantly increased (P=0.05) in + amino acid treatment among treatments. However, there was not significant Ca content in fruit peel. The firmness of flesh increased significantly (P=0.05) in + amino acid treatment. The natural decay (Rhizopus stolonifers) during storage at the room temperature for 14 days, the fruit treated with + wood vinegar exhibited lowest (P=0.05) incidence. Also, the firmness of the fruit during storage was firmer with treated than untreated fruit. In the treatments of + phytic acid and + amino acid, it was possible to reduce incidence of Brown rot caused by M. fructicola most effectively in the field. In addition, inoculation with M. fructicola in fruits was also the most effective treatment for inhibiting disease development in vitro. These results suggested that the foliar spray of with adjuvants increased the content of Ca and firmness of the fruits positively. It also inhibited the natural decay and the Brown rot effectively.
adjuvants;amino acid;Baekdo;calcium;Brown rot;firmness;foliar spray;Monilinia fructicola;phytic acid;wood vinegar;
 Cited by
액상 칼슘비료 시비 농작물의 칼슘 함유량 조사 및 칼슘시비 배추를 이용한 김치의 발효특성,신현재;이상화;김복희;

KSBB Journal, 2007. vol.22. 4, pp.255-259
수산화칼슘 엽면살포가 '대월' 복숭아의 신초 생육 및 과실 품질에 미치는 영향,박지영;손인창;김대일;

한국환경농학회지, 2010. vol.29. 2, pp.102-108 crossref(new window)
Anderson, R. L. and Wolf, W. J. (1995) Compositional changes in trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid, saponins, and isoflavones related to soybean processing. J. Nutr. 125, 581-588

Ashmead, H. D, Ashmead, H. H., Miller, G. W. and Hsu, H. H. (1987) Foliar feeding of plants with amino acid chelate, p.209-221

Bangerth, F., Dilley, D. R. and Dewey, D. H. (1972) Effect of post - harvest calcium treatments on internal breakdown and respiration of apple fruits. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 97, 679-682

Beavers, W. B. (1994) Calcium source effects calcium content, firmness, and degree of injury of apples during storage. HortScience 29, 1520-1523

Bhullar, J. S., Dhillon, B. R. and Randhawa, J. S. (1981) Effect of pre - harvest calcium nitrate sprays on the ambient storage of Flordasum peach fruits. J.Res. Punjab Agri. Univ. 18, 282-286

Biggs, A. R., El-Kholi, M. M., El-Neshawy, S. and Nickerson, R. (1997) Effects of calcium salts on growth, polygalacturonase activity, and infection of peach fruit by Monilinia fructicola. Plant Dis. 81, 399-403 crossref(new window)

Conway, W. S. (1982) Effect of postharvest calcium treatment on dacay of delicious apples. Plant Dis. 66, 402-403 crossref(new window)

Conway, W. S. (1987) Effects of preharvest and postharvest calcium treatments of peaches on decay caused by Monilinia fructicola. Plant Dis. 71(12), 1084-1086 crossref(new window)

Conway, W. S., Sams, C. E., McGuire, R. G. and Kelman, A. (1992) Calcium treatment of apple and potatoes to reduce postharvest decay. Plant Dis. 76, 329-333 crossref(new window)

Jeong, C. H. and Shim, K. H. (2002) Nitritescavenging and antioxidant activities of wood vinegar. Korean Journal of Food Preservation 9, 351-355

Kim, I. Y., Chang, T. H., Ryu, J. H., Kim, M. Y., Lim, T. H. and Kim, M. (2003) Effects of foliar sprays of $CaCl_{2}$ with some adjuvants on fruit quality of pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai). J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 44, 692-696

Kim, I. Y., Chang, T. H. and Lee, Y. S. (2005) Effects of foliar spray of calcium chloride on calcium concentrations in leaf and fruit tissues of 'Nishimurawase' and 'Fuyu' persimmon trees and fruits storability. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. & Technol. 23, 293-300

Lidster, P. D., Porritt, S. W. and Eaton, G. W. (1977) The Effect of Storage Relative Humidity on Calcium Uptake by 'Spartan' Apple. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 102(4), 394-369

Link, H. (1974) Ca-uptake and translocation by plants with special regard to apple trees. Act. Hort. 45, 53-64

Mason, J. L., Mcdougald, J. M., and Crought, B. G. (1974). Calcium concentration in apple fruit resulting from calcium chloride dips modified by surfactants and thickeners. HortScience 9, 122-123

Neilsen, G. H. and Neilsen, D. (2002) Efeect of foliar Zn, form and timing of Ca sprays on fruit Ca concentration in new apple cultivars. Acta Hort. 594, 435-440

Oberleas, D. (1973). In toxicants occuring naturally in foods. National Academy of Science, Washington, DC. p.363-370

Park, S. H. and Lee, C. U. (1996) Effect of postharvest calcium infiltration on firmness, pectin content and occurrence of Botryosphaeria dothidea in apple fruits. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 37, 81-86

Park, S. M., Lee, Y. S. and Jeong, C. S. (2001) Effect of preharvest foliar application of calcium chloride on shelf-life of red sweet pepper 'Ace'. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. & Technol. 19, 12-16

Paliyath, G., Poovaiah, B. W., Munske, G. R. and Magnuson, J. A. (1984) Membrane fluidity in senescing apple: Effect of temperature and calcium. Plant and Cell Physiol. 25(6), 1083-1087

Pszczola, D. E. (1995) Tour highlights production and uses of smoke -based flavors. Food Technol. 49, 70-74

Rovert G. R., and Kolattukudy, P. E. (1976) Effect of treatment with Calcium Ion-containing Formulations on the Firmness of Golden Delicious Apples. HortScience 11(3), 249-251

Scott, K. J. and Wills, R. B. H. (1975) Postharvest application of calcium as a control for storage breakdown of apples. HortScience 10, 75-76

Scott, K. J. and Wills, R. B. H. (1979) Effect of vacuum and pressure infiltration of calcium chloride and storage temperature on the incidence of bitter pit and low temperature breakdown of apples. Austral. J. Age. Res. 30, 917-928 crossref(new window)

Tabtas, R. B., Conway, W. S., Sams, C. E., Gross, K. C. and Whitaker, B. D. (1993) Cell wall composition of calcium-treated apples inoculated with Botrytis cinerea. Phytochemistry 32, 35-39 crossref(new window)

Yamaki, S., Machida, Y. and Kakiuchi, N. (1979) Changes in cell wall polysaccharides and monosaccharides during development and ripening of Japanese pear fruit. Plant Cell Physiol. 20, 311-321