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Growth and Yield Response of the Following Tomato Crop According to Incorporation of Green Manures into Soil
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 Title & Authors
Growth and Yield Response of the Following Tomato Crop According to Incorporation of Green Manures into Soil
Lee, In-Bog; Park, Jin-Myeon; Lim, Jae-Hyun; Hwang, Ki-Sung;
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The study was performed to investigate the effect of incorporation of green manures (GM) into a sandy loam soil for organic vegetable production in the condition of plastic film house, relating to growth and yield of tomato crop. Three species of GM as perennial ryegrass, sudangrass and soybean are cultivated during the rest time of summer season and incorporated into soil just after the harvest. Thereafter tomato crop was transplanted as the following crop to soil incorporated GM. Among GM, soybean was proper as GM crop for organic farming, due to the effect of yield increase by continuous supply of nitrogen on following the tomato crop. Yield of tomato crop after soybean incorporation into soil was similar to of N-P-K standard fertilization (conventional) treatment. But perennial ryegrass and sudangrass were improper, because the biomass yield of perennial ryegrass was very low due to growth retardation by high temperature during summer season and soil incorporation of sudangrass as GM results in yield decrease of following the tomato crop caused by high C/N ratio of sudangrass itself. In conclusioa soybean incorporation into soil had advantage of producing conventional level on following the tomato yield and therefore it could recommend as GM for organic vegetable production.
Leguminous plant;Nutrient balance;Nutrient availability;
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