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Studies on Mechanism and Damage Occurrence for Foliar Spray of NaCl Solutions in Fruit Trees
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 Title & Authors
Studies on Mechanism and Damage Occurrence for Foliar Spray of NaCl Solutions in Fruit Trees
Kim, Seung-Heui; Song, Gi-Cheol; Park, Jeong-Gwan; Park, Moo-Yong;
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We investigated the mechanism on occurring of briny injury in four fruit species (apple, pear, grape, peach). Briny injury of apple, pear, peach, and grape was induced by the foliar splay of saline solutions. Browning symptom was initiated one hour after the spray of 3% NaCl in apple, pearl and peach trees. while two hour were needed for grape, but the latter developed the symptom faster than the formers. Foliar spray of 3% NaCl resulted in 4-fold increase in ethylene production 24 h after the spray, and the production was returned to early stage rate after 72 h. Ethylene production of control was nearly constant with slight decrease after 4 h. Browning and defoliation response to the spray of 3% NaCl on lower side were not different from the spray on both sides regardless of fruit species, while no injury symptoms occurred by the spiny on upper side. In saline damage for treated date, lateral bud was only germinated in apple at 30 July. A shoot apex was 100% grew in all fruit tree. In result for hormonal content of leaf and shoot apex, control was high t-zeatin content in leaf. However, IAA and ABA content was increasing in high saline concentration.
ethylene;foliar spray;NaCl;thinning;t-zeatin;
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