JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Uptake Properties of Germanium to Vegetable Plants and Its Effect on Seed Germination and on Early Stage Growth
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Uptake Properties of Germanium to Vegetable Plants and Its Effect on Seed Germination and on Early Stage Growth
Han, Myung-Ja; Kim, Sung-Un; Seo, Dong-Cheol; Cheong, Yong-Hwa; Lee, Do-Jin; Park, Moon-Su; Rim, Yo-Sup; Sohn, Bo-Kyoon; Heo, Jong-Soo; Cho, Ju-Sik;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
To investigate effects of inorganic and organic (Ge-132) germanium (Ge) on seed germination and on early stage growth of plane and the uptake characteristics, various concentrations (0, 10, 25, 50, 100 mg ) of Ge to popular vegetables such as leaf mustard, chinese cabbage and pak-choi, respectively, were treated. On seed germination, no significant effect was observed in both inorganic and organic Ge treatments except 100 mg treatment of inorganic Ge. Exogenous inorganic Ge ( mg treatments significantly inhibited the early root elongation growth of all plants. However, slight enhancement of early shoot elongation was detected in low concentrations (10 and 25 mg ) of Ge in the leaf mustard and chinese cabbage plants. Organic Ge treatments significantly stimulated the 개ot and shoot growth at the 10, 25 and 50 mg treatments. Ge was accumulated linearly in the vegetables as both inorganic and organic Ge concentrations were increased. Interestingly, total contents of Ge in plants with Ge-132 treatments were times more than those with inorganic Ge treatments in all concentrations. At 25 mg treatment of Ge, contents of Ge in vegetables are following: in leaf mustard, inorganic Ge: 0.37 mg and organic Ge: 1.47 mg in the chinese cabbage, inorganic Ge: 0.4 mg and organic Ge: 0.86 mg in the pak-choi, inorganic Ge: 0.33 mg and organic Ge: 0.70 mg , respectively. These results showed organic Ge is much better on early stage seedling growth and on germanium accumulation of vegetables than inorganic Ge.
 Keywords
germanium;absorption;vegetables;plant seedling growth;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
게르마늄 처리 토양에서 미나리 생육 특성과 게르마늄 흡수,이성태;이영한;허재영;홍광표;;허종수;

한국환경농학회지, 2008. vol.27. 2, pp.185-190 crossref(new window)
2.
Effect of Inorganic and Organic Germanium Treatments on the Growth of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa),;;;;;;;;;;;

Applied Biological Chemistry, 2009. vol.52. 4, pp.389-396 crossref(new window)
3.
셀레늄 처리가 4가지 채소종자 발아와 싹의 생장 및 셀레늄 흡수 특성에 미치는 영향,정용화;한명자;성선진;서동철;강종구;손보균;허종수;조주식;

한국환경농학회지, 2009. vol.28. 2, pp.179-185 crossref(new window)
4.
게르마늄 종류별 양액재배시 갓의 생육특성 및 게르마늄 흡수,강세원;서동철;전원태;강석진;이성태;성환후;최익원;강위금;김현욱;허종수;조주식;

한국토양비료학회지, 2011. vol.44. 3, pp.465-472 crossref(new window)
5.
비타민 C와 산화 게르마늄 및 셀레늄이 새싹에 미치는 영향,차배천;김명동;류혜숙;

한국식품영양학회지, 2011. vol.24. 2, pp.226-232 crossref(new window)
1.
Effects of Ge-132 and GeO2on seed germination and seedling growth ofOenothera biennisL. under NaCl stress, Environmental Technology, 2016, 1  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Accumulation and Toxicity of Germanium in Cucumber under Different Types of Germaniums, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 2013, 44, 20, 3006  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effect of Vitamin C, Germanium Oxide and Selenium Treatment on the during Cultivation of Sprouts, The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, 2011, 24, 2, 226  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption of Brasica juncea C. with Different Types of Germanium Compounds in Hydroponic Cultivation, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2011, 44, 3, 465  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Greenwald, T. (1998) Is it good medicine? Time 30, 37-44

2.
Obara, K, Saito, T., Sato, H., Yamakage, K, Watanabe, T., Kakizawa, M., Tsukamoto, T., Kobayashi, K, Hongo, M and Yoshinaga, K (1991) Germanium poisoning; clinical symptoms and renal damage caused by long-term intake of germanium. Japanese J. Medicine 30(1), 67-72 crossref(new window)

3.
Iijima, M, Mugishima, M, Takeuchi, M, Uchiyama, 5., Kobayashi, I. and Maruyama, S. (1990) A case of inorganic germanium poisoning with peripheral and cranial nephropathy. Myopathy and autonomic dysfunction 42(9), 851-856

4.
Jang, J. J., Cho, K J., Lee, Y. S. and Bae. J. H. (1991) Modifying responses of allyl sulfide, indole3-carbinol and germanium in a rat multi-organ carcinogenesis model. Carcinogenesis 12(4), 691-695 crossref(new window)

5.
Mochizuki, H. and Kada, T. (1982) Antimutagenic effect of Ge-132 on $\gamma$-ray-induced mutation in Escherchia coli B/rWP2 trp-. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 42(6), 653-659 crossref(new window)

6.
Suzuki, F., Brutkiewicz, R. R. and Pollard, R. B. (1986) Cooperation of lymphokine (s) and marcophages in expression of antitumor activity of carboxyethylgermanium (Ge-132). Antitumor Res. 62(2), 177-182

7.
Aso, H., Suzuki, F., Yamaguchi, T., Hayashi, Y., Ebina, T. and Ishida, N. (1985) Induction of interferone and activation of NK cells and macrophages in mice by oral administration of Ge-12, and organic germanium compound. Microbiol. Immunol. 29(1), 65-74 crossref(new window)

8.
Dimartino, M. J. (1986) Antiarthritic and immunoregulatory activity of spirogermanium. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 236(1), 103-110

9.
Sasaki, K., Ishikawa, M., Monma, K. and Takayanagi, G. (1984) Effect of carboxyethylgennanium sesquioxide (Ge-132) on the acute inflammation and $CCl_4$ induced hepatic damage in mice. Pharmacometrics 27(6), 1119-1131

10.
Kumano, N., Nakai, Y., Ishikawa, T., Koinumaru, S., Suzuki, S. and Konno, K. (1978) Effect of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide in the methylcholathrene induced tumorigenesis. Sci. Rep. Res. Inst. Tohoku Univ. 25, 89-95

11.
Harish, G. (1985) Glutathione and glutathionedependent enzymes of the rat liver after different doses of sanumgerman. In '1st Int. Conf. on germanium' Hanover, Oct. 1984 Lekin & Samochowiec, des, Semmelweis-Verlag

12.
Suzuki, Y. and Taguchi, K. (1983) Pharmacological studies of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide (Ge132). Pharmacometrics 26(5), 803-810

13.
Lee, H. M. and Chung, Y. (1991) Effect of organic germanium on metallothionnein inductin in liver and kindey of cadmium and mercury intoxicated rats. Yakhak Hoeji 35(2), 99-110

14.
Ho, C. C, Cherm, Y. F. and Lin, M. T. (1990) Effects of organogermanium compound 2carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide on cardiovascular function motor activity in rats. Pharmacology 41, 286-291 crossref(new window)

15.
Lee, S.T., Lee, Y. H., Lee, H. J., Cho, J. S. and Heo, J. S. (2005) Germanium contents of soil and crops in Gyeongnam province. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 24(1), 34-39 crossref(new window)

16.
Kehlbeck, H. (1983) New germanium containing yeast for medicinal and veterinary use. Deutsch Patent DE. 3345211

17.
Nobohiro, W., Osamu, I., Dakuro, K. and Koichi, Y. (1980) New approaches to using spent brewer's yeast. ASBC J. 38, 5

18.
Wei, X. S. (1992) Effect of yeast on bioenrichment of germanium. Food Sci. 149, 49-54

19.
Lee, S. T., Lee, Y. H., Choi, Y. J., Lee, S. D., Lee, C. H. and Heo, J. S. (2005) Growth characteristics and germanium absorption of rice plant with different germanium concentration in soil. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 24(1), 40-44 crossref(new window)

20.
Lee, S. T., Lee, Y. H., Bhan, K. N., Seo, D. C. and Heo, J. S. (2005) Growth characteristics and germanium absorption in Lettuce with different concentrations of germanium in soil. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 24(4), 404-408 crossref(new window)

21.
Lee, G. P., Park, H. S., Won, J. H. and Park, K. W. (2005) Effect of $GeO_2$ concentration on hydroponically-grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa). J. Kor. Soc. Hart. Sci. 46(2), 113-118

22.
Han, S. S., Rim, Y. S. and Jeong, J. H. (1996) Growth characteristics and germanium absorption of soybean sprout cultured with aqueous solution of organogermanium. Agric. Chern. Biotech. 39(1), 39-43

23.
Chang, E, J. and Oh, H. I. (2005) Effects of addition of inorganic germanium, $GeO_2$ on the growth, germanium and saponin contents of ginseng adventitious root in submerged culture. J. Ginseng Res. 29(3), 145-151 crossref(new window)