JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Different Humic Acids on Growth and Fruit Quality of Tomato Plant
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Different Humic Acids on Growth and Fruit Quality of Tomato Plant
Kim, Hong-Gi; Seo, Dong-Cheol; Cheong, Yong-Hwa; Kang, Chang-Sun; Sohn, Bo-Kyoon; Lee, Do-Jin; Kang, Jong-Gu; Park, Moon-Su; Heo, Jong-Soo; Kim, Bong-Su; Cho, Ju-Sik;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In greenhouse farming, a variety of humic acids have been applied to improve soil conditions and plant growth. However, it is still unclear that how humic acids combined with chemical fertilizers affect growth and quality of fruit vegetable crops. This study was conducted to determine the combination effect of humic acids and chemical fertilizers on the growth and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum MILL.) grown under greenhouse conditions. Three different formulation types of humic acid were used: liquid type A, liquid type B and solid type C. The tomato plants were grown in three treatment combination plots and in conventional fertilizer (CF) plot with recommended levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium: HA combined with CF (HA+CF), HB combined with CF (HB+CF) and HC combined with CF (HC+CF). For most of growth characteristics (i.e. leaf number, internode length, maximum leaf length, leaf width and chlorophyll contents) determined in this experiment, no significant differences were observed between all combination treatments and CF. However, integrated fruit qualities (i.e. averaged weight, sugar contents and acidity) were slightly improved in the humic acid combined with CF treatments when compared with CF alone treatment. No phytotoxicity was observed with humic acid treatments. However, further studies will probably be needed to use widely and safely these humic acids, in order to ensure a maximizing growth, fruit yield and quality of tomato.
 Keywords
humic acid;chemical fertilizer;conventional fertilizer;tomato;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Effect of Gamiojeoksan Remnants used as Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Korean mint,;;;;;;

한국자원식물학회지, 2009. vol.22. 3, pp.215-219
2.
갈탄과 아미노산액 혼합제 시용이 벼, 배추와 고추의 생육 및 토양의 화학적 특성에 미치는 영향,한성수;유기용;박민수;이영일;백승화;

한국환경농학회지, 2010. vol.29. 2, pp.93-101 crossref(new window)
3.
비닐하우스에서 분변토와 부식산의 혼합시용에 대한 열무의 생장반응,배윤환;박광일;강갑동;

유기물자원화, 2010. vol.18. 3, pp.68-76
4.
고농도 유류와 중금속으로 복합 오염된 토양에서 식물성장에 미치는 부식산의 영향,김기섭;성기준;

한국지하수토양환경학회지:지하수토양환경, 2011. vol.16. 1, pp.51-61 crossref(new window)
5.
Effect of Foliar Application of Fulvic Acid on Plant Growth and Fruit Quality of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.),;;;

Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology : HEB, 2014. vol.55. 6, pp.455-461 crossref(new window)
1.
Effect of foliar application of fulvic acid on plant growth and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.), Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 2014, 55, 6, 455  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Adams, P. and Winsor, W. (1986) Mineral nutrition. p. 281-324. In: The tomato crop. J.A. Atherton and J. Judich (eds). Chapman and Hall, London

2.
Tanaka, A., Hugita, K. and Kikuchi, K. (1974) Nutriophysiological studies on the tomato plant. I. Outline of growth and nutrient absorption. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 20, 57-68 crossref(new window)

3.
Yang, W. M., Chung, S. J. and Yang, S. Y. (1990) Comparative studies on the physio-ecological and morphological adaptations of greenhouse tomato grown in aeroponics and nutrient film technique. 1. Changes of root zone environment and growth response as affected by solution temperature, spraying intervals and substrata. J. Kor. Soc. Hart. Sci. 31(1), 22-36

4.
Lee, B. S. (1999) Effect of root-zone environment on the nutrient and water uptake and growth of hydroponically grown cucumber(Cucumis sativus L.) plants. PhD Diss., Chonnam National Univ., Korea

5.
Alder, P. R. and Wilcox, G. E. (1987) Salt stress, mechanical stress, or chlormequat chloride effects on morphology and growth recovery of hydroponic tomato transplants. J. Amer. Soc. Hart. Sci. 112, 22-25

6.
Slack, G., Fenlon, J. S. and Hand, D. W. (1988) The effects of summer $CO_2$ enrichment and ventilation temperatures on the yield, quality and value of glasshouse tomatoes. J. Hart. Sci. 63, 119-129

7.
Peterson, J. A. and Hall, T. A. (1982) Effect of potassium fertilization and season on fresh market tomato quality characters. HortSci. 17, 634-635

8.
Weston, L. A. and Zandstra, B. M. (1989) Transplant age and N and P nutrition effects on growth and yield of tomatoes. HortSci. 24, 88-90

9.
Widders, I. E. and Lorenz, O. A. (1982) Potassium nutrition during tomato plant development. J. Amer. Soc. Hart. Sci. 107, 960-964

10.
Cook, W. P. and Sanders, D. C. (1991) Nitrogen application frequency for drip-irrigated tomatoes. HortSci. 26, 250-252

11.
Arteca, R. N. (1982) Effect of root applications of kinetin and gibberellic acid on transplanting shock in tomato plants. HortSci. 17, 633-634

12.
Allen, V. B., Corey, K. A. and Craker, L. E. (1989) Nutritional stresses in tomato genotypes grown under high-pressure sodium vapor lamps. HortSci. 24, 255-258

13.
Bolarin, M. C., Femadez, F. G., Cruz, V. and Cuartero, J. (1991) Salinity tolerance in four wild tomato species using vegetative yield-salinity response curves. J. Amer. Soc. Hart. Sci. 116, 286-290

14.
Corey, K. A. and Barker, A. V. (1989) Ethylene evolution and polyamine accumulation by tomato interactive stress of ammonium deficiency. J. Amer. Soc. Hart. Sci. 114, 651-655

15.
Melton, R R. and Dufault, R. J. (1991) Tomato seedling growth, earliness, yield, and quality following pretransplant nutritional conditioning and low temperatures. J. Amer. Soc. Hart. Sci. 116, 421-425

16.
Maletta, M. and Janes, H. W. (1987) Interrelation of root and shoot temperature on dry matter accumulation and root growth in tomato seedlings. J. Hart. Sci. 62, 49-54

17.
Papadopoulos, A. P. and Tiessen, H. (1983) Root and air temperature effects on the flowering and yield of tomato. J. Amer. Soc. Hart. 17, 634-635

18.
Chen, Y. and Aviad, T. (1990) Effects of humic substances on plant growth. Humic Substances in Soil and Crop Sciences p.161-186

19.
Varanini, Z. and Pinton, R. (1995) Humic substances and plant nutrition. Progress in Botany

20.
Fabrizio, A., Pierluigi, G., Patrizia, Z. and Graziano, Z. (1998) The effect of commercial humic acid on tomato plant growth and mineral nutrition. J. of Plant Nutrition 21 (3):561-575 crossref(new window)

21.
Kim, H. G. (2002) Effects of Additives, Physiologically Active Substances and Rhizobacteria on the Growth and Recovery from Senescence in Hydroponically Grown Cucumber Plants. PhD Diss., Chonnam National University. Korea