JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Short-term Effects of Cultivars and Compost on Soil Microbial Activities and Diversities in Red Pepper Field
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Short-term Effects of Cultivars and Compost on Soil Microbial Activities and Diversities in Red Pepper Field
Park, Kee-Choon; Kwon, Tae-Ryong; Jang, Kil-Soo; Kim, Yeong-Suk;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A field experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of cultivars and compost on soil microbial activities and diversities in a red pepper-grown field. Compost was applied with 0, 30, and 60M/T in April and then red pepper seedlings of "Yong-go 4" and "Koeun" were transplanted in May 2007. Soil samples were collected in early August 2007. Measurement of microbial activities was based on a dehydrogenase assay and a fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis. Soil microbial community was characterized with Biolog and phospholipid fatty acid(PLFA). Red pepper cultivars did not differentiate the selected soil chemical and microbial properties. Soil pH and soil microbial community changed by amending the soil with 30 and 60 M/T of compost, and the soil organic matter and potassium content, and soil microbial activities increased in soils amended with 60 M/T of compost. Red pepper cultivar induced a little different soil chemical properties and microbial activity in soils amended with 60 M/T of compost even though significant differences were not found in those properties. In conclusion the effects of compost on soil chemical and microbial properties were much higher than red pepper cultivars in short-term period but the effects of red pepper cultivars should be investigated in long-term field test.
 Keywords
hot pepper;soil microbial activity;soil microbial diversity;compost;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
논과 밭 토양에서 토층간 미생물 군집의 차이,김찬용;박기춘;이영근;

한국토양비료학회지, 2009. vol.42. 2, pp.139-143
2.
경운깊이 및 퇴비 시용량이 고추 생육에 미치는 영향,이경자;김영상;송인규;

한국토양비료학회지, 2010. vol.43. 6, pp.798-803
3.
노지 고추 연작 토양의 미생물 인지질 지방산 함량,황재문;박기춘;김수정;

한국토양비료학회지, 2010. vol.43. 6, pp.1012-1017
4.
고추재배지에서 퇴비시용에 따른 토양 미생물의 인지질지방산 변화,박기춘;김수정;

한국토양비료학회지, 2010. vol.43. 2, pp.194-199
5.
한약추출박 퇴비가 토양의 화학적 특성 및 복분자 품질에 미치는 영향,김성조;김재영;백승화;

한국자원식물학회지, 2011. vol.24. 4, pp.472-481 crossref(new window)
1.
Effect of Composted Medicinal Herb Waste on Soil Chemical Properties and Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja) Quality, Korean Journal of Plant Resources, 2011, 24, 4, 472  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Chiarini, L., Bevivino, A., Dalmastri, C., Nacamulli, C. and Tabacchioni, S. (1998) Influence of plant development, cultivar and soil type on microbial colonization of maize roots. Appl. Soil Ecol. 8, 11-18 crossref(new window)

2.
Rasche, F., Trondl, R., Naglreiter, C., Reichenauer, T. G. and Sessitsch, A. (2006) Chilling and cultivar type affect the diversity of bacterial endophytes colonizing sweet pepper (Capsicum anuum L.). Can. J. Microbiol. 52, 1036-1045 crossref(new window)

3.
Saison, C., Degrange, V., Oliver, R., Millard, P., Commeaux, C., Montange, D. and Le Roux, X. (2006) Alteration and resilience of the soil microbial community following compost amendment: effects of compost level and compost-borne microbial community. Environ. Microbiol. 8, 247-257 crossref(new window)

4.
Bandick, A. K. and Dick, R. P. (1999) Field management effects on soil enzyme activities. Soil Biol. Biochem. 31, 1471-1479 crossref(new window)

5.
Pepper, I. L., Gerba, C. P. and Brendecke, J. W. (1995) Environmental Microbiology: a Lab Manual. Academic Press, Sandiego, USA, p.51-56

6.
Garland, J. L. (1997) Analysis and interpretation of community-level physiological profiles in microbial ecology. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 24, 289-300 crossref(new window)

7.
Kaur, A., Chaudhary, A., Choudhary, R. and Kaushik, R. (2005) Phospholipid fatty acid - A bioindicator of environment monitoring and assessment in soil ecosystem. Current Sci. 89, 1103-1112

8.
Lee, M. J., Kwon, T. R. and Kim, B. S. (2003) Breeding of Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum) "Younggo No. 4". Horti. Sci. Tech. 21, 290-293

9.
Institute of Agricultural Science (1988) Methodology of soil chemical analysis. Rural Development Administration p.26-114

10.
Dick R. P., Breakwell, D. P. and Turco, R. F. (1996) Soil enzyme activities and biodiversity measurements as integrative microbiological indicators. In Doran, J. W. and Jones, A. J. (eds) Methods for assessing soil quality. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. p.247-271

11.
Gomez, E., Ferreras, L. and Toresani, S. (2006) Soil bacterial functional diversity as influenced by organic amendment application. Bioresource Technol. 97, 1484-1489 crossref(new window)

12.
Peacock, A. D., Mullen, M. D., Ringelberg, D. B., Tyler, D. D., Hedrick, D. B., Gale, P. M. and White, D. C. (2001) Soil microbial community responses to dairy manure or ammonium nitrate applications. Soil Biol. Biochem. 33, 1011-1019 crossref(new window)

13.
Li, W. H., Zhang, C. B., Jiang, H. B., Xin, G. R. and Yang, Z. Y. (2006) Changes in soil microbial community associated with invasion of the exotic weed, Mikania micrantha HBK. Plant Soil. 281, 309-324 crossref(new window)

14.
Tambone, F., Genevini, P. and Adani, F. (2007) The effects of short-term compost application on soil chemical properties and on nutritional status of maize plant. Compost Sci. Util. 15, 176-183 crossref(new window)

15.
Shar, G. Q., Kazi, T. G., Sahito, S. R. and Haque, Q. (2003) Comparative study of important macro and micro-nutrient elements between two varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and its soil. J. Chem. Soc. Pakistan 25, 233-237

16.
van Bruggen, A. H. C. and Semenov, A. M. (2000) In search of biological indicators for soil health and disease suppression. Appl. Soil Ecol. 15, 13-24 crossref(new window)

17.
Nayak, D. R., Babu, Y. J. and Adhya, T. K. (2007) Long-term application of compost influences microbial biomass and enzyme activities in a tropical Aeric Endoaquept planted to rice under flooded condition. Soil Biol. Biochem. 39, 1897-1906 crossref(new window)

18.
Garland, J. L. and Mills, A. L. (1991) Classification and characterization of heterotrophic microbial communities on the basis of patterns of community level sole carbon source utilization. Appl. Environ. Microb. 57, 2351-2359

19.
Preston-Mafham, J., Boddy, L. and Randerson, P. F. (2002) Analysis of microbial community functional diversity using sole-carbon-source utilisation profiles - a critique. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 42, 1-14

20.
Siciliano, S. D., Theoret, C. M., De Freitas, J. R., Hucl, P. J. and Germida, J. J. (1998) Differences in the microbial communities associated with the roots of different cultivars of canola and wheat. Can. J. Microbiol. 44, 844-851 crossref(new window)

21.
Mulder, C., Wouterse, M., Raubuch, M., Roelofs, W. and Rutgers, M. (2006) Can transgenic maize affect soil microbial communities?. PLoS Comput. Biol. 2, 1165-1172

22.
Kaur, A., Chaudhary, A., Choudhary, R. and Kaushik, R. (2005) Phospholipid fatty acid - A bioindicator of environment monitoring and assessment in soil ecosystem. Curr. Sci. 89, 1103-1112