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Effects of Soil Chemical Properties in Orchards on 'Niitaka' Pear Quality
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Soil Chemical Properties in Orchards on 'Niitaka' Pear Quality
Kim, Ik-Youl; Chang, Tae-Hyun;
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 Abstract
Soil environmental conditions can affect nutrient availability during growth stage of tree fruit. We investigated the cause of disorderd fruit by the influence of soil chemical properties in orchard soil, composition of mineral nutrient in leaves and fruit to occur physiological disorderd fruit at four locations (Ulsan, Gyeongju, Pyeongtaek, Ansung) compared to healthy. There were significantly different (P=0.05) in exchangeable Ca, K, Mg and total nitrogen content in orchard soil between physiological disordered fruit and healthy fruit. The exchangeable Ca content in orchard soil caused by physiological disordered fruit was statistically lower than that of healthy fruit. However, exchangeable K, Mg and total nitrogen contents were higher than that healthy (P=0.05). There was a significant difference (P=0.05) in Ca content between physiological disordered fruit and healthy. Ca content in fruit flesh of physiological disorderedfruit was statistically lower than that of healthy. The physiological disordered fruit was a higher ratio of Mg/Ca in fruit flesh and peel compared to healthy fruit and also the ratios of N/Ca and K/Ca in a leaf were higher. The negative correlation between Ca and K, and Ca and Mg was detected in the fruit flesh of physiological disordered fruit. Therefore, we concluded that insufficient Ca content in fruit may cause 'the physiological disorder' pomelo disease and high content of N, exchangeable K and Mg ion in the soil solution might be disturbs exchangeable Ca ion to be absorbed in fruit.
 Keywords
'Niitaka' pear;mineral nutrient;exchangeable Ca;disordered fruit;K/Ca;Mg/Ca;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
마그네슘 결핍이 포도나무의 황화현상 발생과 포도 품질에 미치는 영향,장태현;

한국환경농학회지, 2009. vol.28. 4, pp.347-355 crossref(new window)
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