Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Soil Incorporation of Graminaceous and Leguminous Manures on Tomato (Lycoperiscon esculentum Mill.) Growth and Soil Nutrient Balances
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Soil Incorporation of Graminaceous and Leguminous Manures on Tomato (Lycoperiscon esculentum Mill.) Growth and Soil Nutrient Balances
Lee, In-Bog; Kang, Seok-Beom; Park, Jin-Myeon;
  PDF(new window)
To investigate the effects of incorporation of green manures (GM) into a sandy loam soil on growth, yield, and nutrient uptake of tomato (Lycoperiscon esculentum Mill.) and nutrient balances (input minus offtake of nutrients), five tomato production systems were compared under the condition of plastic film house: 1) a no input system (no additional amendment or inputs, 0-To-0-To); 2) a conventional system (application of N-P-K chemical fertilizers, Cf-To-Cf-To); 3) a leguminous GM-containing system (hairy vetch-tomato-soybean-tomato, Hv-To-Sb-To); 4) a graminaceous GM-containing system (rye-tomato-sudan grass-tomato, Ry-To-Sd-To); and 5) system mixed with leguminous and graminaceous GMs (rye-tomatosoybean- tomato, Ry-To-Sb-To). Here, hairy vetch and rye were cultivated as winter cover crops during late Feb and soybean and sudan grass were cultivated as summer cover crops during late Aug. All of them cut before tomato planting and then incorporated into soil. Biomass of GMs was greater in summer season than that of winter season. Nitrogen amount fixed by a leguminous plants was about per a cropping season, corresponding to 60% N level needed for tomato production, which was comparable to 50 and fixed by rye and sudan grass. As a result, tomato yield of Hv-To-Sb-To system (legume GM treatment) was similar to Cf-To-Cf-To (conventional), but that in Ry-To-Sd-To system (graminaceous GM treatment) was not attained to a half level of conventional treatment. Nutrient budgets for N, P and K on the conventional farm were balanced or somewhat positive exception for minus-balanced K. Ry-To-Sd-To system showed a positive N, P and K budgets due to the depressed growth of tomato which is caused by high C/N ratio and low N-fixing capacity of the GMs. Inversely, those of Hv-To-Sb-To system were negative in all of N, P and K budgets because of increased growth and yield of tomato with high nitrogen-supplying capacity as well as low C/N ratio of leguminous GM. In conclusion, although conventional cultivation has an advantage in relation to N, P and K nutrient budgets rather than GM-incorporated systems, a leguminous GMs could be recommended as nitrogen reservoir and soil amendment because the yield of tomato between use of leguminous GM and conventional cultivation was not only significantly difference, but also GMs commonly reduce nutrient loss and improve microbial communities.
Green manure;Organic farming;Cropping system;Nutrient budget;
 Cited by
토마토 유기재배에서 혼합유박과 볏짚의 적정시용량 및 토양 물리성에 미치는 영향,임태준;박진면;이성은;정현철;전상호;홍순달;

한국환경농학회지, 2011. vol.30. 2, pp.105-110 crossref(new window)
녹비작물의 토양환원이 상추 및 얼갈이 배추의 수량에 미치는 영향,임태준;김기인;박진면;이성은;홍순달;

한국환경농학회지, 2012. vol.31. 3, pp.212-216 crossref(new window)
간척농경지에서 비종에 따른 동계 청보리 재배 포장의 영양물질 수지 비교,송인홍;이경도;김지혜;강문성;장정렬;

한국환경농학회지, 2012. vol.31. 2, pp.137-145 crossref(new window)
토양 화학성 및 생물학성 변화에 대한 녹비작물 시용 효과,최봉수;정정아;오미경;전상호;고현관;옥용식;성좌경;

한국토양비료학회지, 2010. vol.43. 5, pp.650-658
당근 연작장해 경감을 위한 녹비작물 재배가 당근 생육 및 수량에 미치는 영향,김성헌;서동철;박종환;이성태;이상원;김홍출;조주식;허종수;

한국환경농학회지, 2013. vol.32. 4, pp.279-286 crossref(new window)
당근-녹비 윤작지에서 헤어리베치 및 클림손클로버가 당근의 수량 및 토양 물리.화학성에 미치는 영향,박종환;이성태;서동철;김성헌;김홍출;이상원;조주식;허종수;

농업생명과학연구, 2013. vol.47. 6, pp.101-109 crossref(new window)
논토양에서 돈분액비 시용이 화본과 및 두과 녹비작물의 생육과 양분공급량에 미치는 영향,이상규;서동철;강세원;서영진;유진희;강항원;전원태;김민태;허종수;조주식;

농업생명과학연구, 2014. vol.48. 2, pp.175-184 crossref(new window)
헤어리베치와 청보리의 단일 및 혼합처리에 따른 토양 내 질소의 동태,임우섭;이현호;홍창오;

한국환경농학회지, 2014. vol.33. 4, pp.298-305 crossref(new window)
오이와 상추 재배지에서 수단그라스를 이용한 Meloidogyne incognita의 방제 효과,김형환;김동환;양창열;강택준;한경숙;박해웅;정영학;전성욱;송진선;추호렬;

식물병연구, 2014. vol.20. 4, pp.264-269 crossref(new window)
Nitrogen Dynamics in the Soils Incorporated with Single and Mixture Application of Hairy vetch and Barley, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2014, 33, 4, 298  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Green Manure Crops on Tomato Growth and Soil Improvement for Reduction of Continuous Cropping Injury through Crop Rotation in Greenhouse, Korean Journal of Plant Resources, 2015, 28, 2, 263  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Green Manure Crops on Growth and Yield of Carrot for Reduction of Continuous Cropping Injury of Carrot through Crop Rotation, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2013, 32, 4, 279  crossref(new windwow)
Comparison of Nutrient Balance in a Reclaimed Tidal Upland between Chemical and Compost Fertilization for the Winter Green Barley Cultivation, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2012, 31, 2, 137  crossref(new windwow)
Optimal Application Rate of Mixed Expeller Cake and Rice Straw and Impacts on Physical Properties of Soil in Organic Cultivation of Tomato, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2011, 30, 2, 105  crossref(new windwow)
Control Effect of Sudan Grass on Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, in Cucumber and Lettuce Greenhouses, Research in Plant Disease, 2014, 20, 4, 264  crossref(new windwow)
The Use of Green Manure Crops as a Nitrogen Source for Lettuce and Chinese Cabbage Production in Greenhouse, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2012, 31, 3, 212  crossref(new windwow)
Nguyen, M. L., Haynes, R. J. and Goh, K. M. (1995) Nutrient budgets and status in three pairs of conventional and alternative mixed cropping farms in Canterbury, New Zealand, Agric. Ecosystem and Environ. 52, 149-162 crossref(new window)

Meisinger, J. J., Hargrove, W. L., Mikkelsen, R. L., Williams, J. R. and Benson, V. W. (1991) Effects of cover crops on groundwater quality, pp. 57-68. In: Hargrove, W. L. (ed.), Cover crops for clean water, Soil and Water Conserv. Soc., Ankeny, IA

Shipley, P. R., Meisinger, J. J. and Cecker, A. M. (1992) Conserving residual corn fertilizer nitrogen with winter cover crops, Agron. J. 84, 869-876 crossref(new window)

Lee, I. B., Park, J. M., Lim, J. H. and Hwang, K. S. (2006) Growth and yield responses of the following tomato crop according to incorporation of green manures into soil, Kor. Soc. of Agric. and Environ. 25, 346-351 crossref(new window)

Clark, A. J., Decker. A. M., Meisinger, J. J. and McIntosh, M. S. (1997) Kill date of vetch, rye, and a vetch-rye mixture: I. Cover crop and corn nitrogen, Agron. J. 89, 427-434 crossref(new window)

Lanyon, L. E. and Beegle, D. B. (1989) The role of on-farm nutrient balance assessments in an integrated approach to nutrient management, J. Soil Water Conserv. 44, 164-168

RDA(Rural Development Administration) (1999) Recommended standard fertilization for crops, RDA, Korea

RDA(Rural Development Administration) (1988) Method of Soil Chemical Analysis, RDA, Korea

Zhao, F., McGrath, S. P. and Crosland, A. R. (1994) Comparison of three wet digestion methods for the determination of plant sulphur by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICPAES), Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 25, 407-418 crossref(new window)

Carter, M. R. (1993) In: Soil sampling and methods of analysis, pp. 459-471. Can. Soc. of Soil Sci., Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, USA

Cho, Y. S. (2003) Nitrogen fixation and growth characteristics three legume cover crops in notillage paddy field, Kor. J. Crop Sci. 48, 305-315

Mueller, T. and Thorup-Kristensen, K. (2001) N-fixation of selected green manure plants in an organic crop rotation, Biol. Agric. Hort. 18, 345-363 crossref(new window)

Boquet, D. J., Hutchison, R. L. and Paxton, K. W. (2003) Conservation tillage, cover crop BMP's for cotton, La. Agric. 46, 32-33

Decker, A. M., Clark, A. J. and McIntosh, M. S. (1994) Legume cover crop contributions to no tillage corn production, Agron J. 86, 126-135 crossref(new window)

Ebelhar, S. A., Frye, W. W. and Blevins, R. L. (1984) Nitrogen from legume cover crops for no-tillage corn, Agron. J. 76, 51-55 crossref(new window)

Meetu, O. P. and Morris, R. A. (1988) In: Green manure in rice farming, pp. 209-222. Int. Rice Res. Inst., Los Banos, Philippines

Creamer, N. G., Bennett, M. A., Stinner, B. R. and Cardina, J. (1996) A comparison of four processing tomato production systems differing in cover crop and chemical inputs, Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121, 559-568

Abudal-Baki, A. A. and Teasdale. J. R. (1993) A no-tillage tomato production system using hairy vetch and subterranean clover mulches, Hort. Sci. 28, 106-108

Abudal-Baki, A. A., Teasdale. J. R., Korcak, J. R., Chirwood, D. J. and Huettel, R. N. (1996) Freshmarket tomato production in a low-input alternative system using cover crop mulch, HortSci. 31, 65-69

Sainju, U, M., Singh, B. P. and Yaffa, S. (1999) Tomato yield and soil quality as influenced by tillage, cover cropping, and nitrogen fertilization, pp. 104-113. In: Hook, J. E. (ed.), Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Southern Conservation Tillage Conference for Sustainable Agriculture, Tifton, GA, July 6-8. Spec. Pub. 95. Agric. Exp. Sta., Athens, GA

Wagger, M. G. (1989) Time of desiccation effects on plant composition and subsequent nitrogen release from several winter annual cover crops, Agron. J. 81, 236-241 crossref(new window)

Clark, A. J. (1993) Managing hairy vetch/cereal rye cover crop mixtures for nitrogen and water in no-tillage corn, Ph.D. diss. Univ. of Maryland, College Park (Diss. Abstr. 9407617)

Sullivan, P. G., Parrish, D. J. and Luna, J. M. (1991) Cover crop contributions to N supply and water conservation in corn production, Am. J. Altern. Agric. 6, 106-113 crossref(new window)

Allison, F. E. (1966) The fate of nitrogen applied to soils, Adv. Agron. 18, 219-258 crossref(new window)

Dang, M. V. (2005) Soil-plant nutrient balance of tea crops in the northern mountainous region, Vietnam, Agric. Ecosystem and Environ. 105, 413-418 crossref(new window)