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Life Cycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Livestock and Food Wastes Co-digestive Biogas Production System
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 Title & Authors
Life Cycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Livestock and Food Wastes Co-digestive Biogas Production System
Nam, Jae-Jak; Yoon, Young-Man; Lee, Young-Haeng; So, Kyu-Ho; Kim, Chang-Hyun;
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Biogas plant with anaerobic digestion is receiving high attention as a facility for both livestock waste treatment and electric power generation. Objective of this study was to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) of a biogas plant which incorporates swine and food waste (7:3) as source materials for biogas production. In addition, the biogas production process was compared with the prevalent composting method as a reference in the aspects of green house gas (GHG) reduction potential and environmental impact. The biogas method was capable of reducing 52 kg eq. emission per ton of swine/food waste, but the composting process was estimated to emit 268 kg eq. into air. The biogas method was evaluated as more beneficial to the environment by mitigating the impact on abiotic depletion potential (ADP), global warming potential (GWP), ozone depletion potential (ODP), eutrophication potential (EP), and photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP), but not to acidification potential (AP).
LCA;Biogas;Composting;Environmental impact assessment;Greenhouse gas;
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