Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Temperature on Yield and Fruit Characteristics of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Temperature on Yield and Fruit Characteristics of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)
Lee, In-Bog; Kang, Seok-Beom; Park, Jin-Myeon;
  PDF(new window)
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of the level of (370 and ) and temperature (ambient and ambient+) on tomato growth and fruit characteristics as affected by the application rate of N-fertilizer (68 and ), for the purpose of evaluating the influence of elevated and temperature on tomato crop. The elevated atmospheric and temperature increased the plant height and stem diameter for tomato crop, while the differences among the nitrogen(N) application rates were not significantly different. Under the elevated , temperature, and a higher N application rate, the biomass of aerial part increased. The fruit yield showed the same result as the biomass except for the elevated temperature. The elevated temperature made the size of fruit move toward the small, but the elevated and the application of N-fertilizer were vice versa. The sugar content and pH of fruit juice were affected by nitrogen application rate, but not by the elevated and temperature. These results showed that both the elevated and temperature stimulated the vegetative growth of aerial parts for tomato, but each effects on the yield of fruit showed an opposite result between the elevated temperature and . In conclusion, the elevated increased tomato yield and the ratio of large size of fruit, but the elevated temperature did not. Therefore, to secure the productivity of tomato as nowadays in future environment, it will need to develop new breeder as high temperature-tolerable tomato species or new type of cropping systems.
Tomato yield;Fruit size;Leaf starch;Photosynthesis;
 Cited by
CO2농도와 온도증가에 따른 인삼의 생육 및 생리.생태학적 반응 연구,이경미;김해란;임훈;유영한;

한국작물학회지, 2012. vol.57. 2, pp.106-112 crossref(new window)
온도와 이산화탄소의 상승처리가 포도 '캠벨얼리'의 수체생육과 과실품질에 미치는 영향,손인창;한점화;조정건;김승희;장은하;오성일;문경환;최인명;

원예과학기술지, 2014. vol.32. 6, pp.781-787 crossref(new window)
온도증가에 따른 흑색토마토 '헤이' 품종 과실의 모양 및 열과 발생률의 변화,문두경;김소희;조명환;유인호;류희룡;이응호;

한국농림기상학회지, 2015. vol.17. 3, pp.202-206 crossref(new window)
기후변화 대응 산림의 장기 기후변화 연구시설,서동진;김현철;이현석;이솔지;이위영;한심희;강준원;

한국농림기상학회지, 2016. vol.18. 4, pp.274-286 crossref(new window)
Review of Long-term Climate Change Research Facilities for Forests, Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, 18, 4, 274  crossref(new windwow)
Effect of Elevated CO2Concentration and Temperature on the Growth and Ecophysiological Responses of Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer), Korean Journal of Crop Science, 2012, 57, 2, 106  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of the Elevated Temperature and Carbon Dioxide on Vine Growth and Fruit Quality of 'Campbell Early' Grapevines (Vitis labruscana), Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, 2014, 32, 6, 781  crossref(new windwow)
Changes of Fruit Cracking Percentage and Fruit Shape of 'Hei' Black Tomato with Increased Temperature, Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2015, 17, 3, 202  crossref(new windwow)
Idso, S. B. (1980) The climatological significance of a doubling of Earth's atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, Science. 207, 1462-1463 crossref(new window)

Idso, S. B. (1982) A surface air temperature response function for Earth's atmospheric, Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 22, 227-232 crossref(new window)

IPCC(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). (2001) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) - Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, IPCC

Kimball, B. A. (1983) Carbon dioxide and agricultural yield: an assemblage and analysis of 430 prior observations, Agron. J. 75, 779-788 crossref(new window)

Lee, Y. B. and Lee, B. Y. (1994) Effect of long term $CO_2$ enrichment on chlorophyll, starch, soluble protein content, and RUBPCase activity in tomato plants, J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 35, 309-317

Ewart, A. J. (1986) On assimilatory inhibition, J. of the Linnean Soc. 31, 364-461

Warren-Wilson, J. (1966) An analysis of plant growth and its control in arctic environments, Annals of Bot. 30, 383-402

Wildman, S. G. (1967) The organization of granacontaining chloroplasts in relation to location of some enzymatic systems concerned with photosynthesis, protein synthesis and ribonucleic acid synthesis, pp. 295-319. In: Goodwin, T. W.(ed.). Biochemistry of chloroplasts, Vol. 2. Proceedings NATO Advanced Study Institute (Aberystwyth), New York Academic Press

Neales, T. F. and Incoll, L. D. (1968) The control of leaf photosynthesis rate by the level of assimilate concentration in the leaf: a review of the hypothesis, Bot. Rev. 34, 107-125 crossref(new window)

Paul, M. J. and Foyer, C. H. (2001) Sink regulation of photosynthesis, J. of Exp. Bot. 360, 1383-1400

Lee, Y. B. and Lee, B. Y. (1994) Effect of long term $CO_2$ enrichment on leaf temperature, diffusion resistance, and photosynthetic rate in tomato plants, J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 35, 421-428

Ho, L. C. (1977) Effect of $CO_2$ enrichment on the rates of photosynthesis and translocation of tomato leaves. Ann. Applied Biol. 87, 191-200 crossref(new window)

RDA(Rural Development Administration) (1999) Recommended standard fertilization for crops, RDA, Korea

RDA(Rural Development Administration) (1988) Method of Soil Chemical Analysis, RDA, Korea

Wang, Z., Yuan, Z. and Quebedeuax, B. (1997) Photoperiod alters diurnal carbon partitioning into sorbitol and other carbohydrates in apple, Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 24, 587-597 crossref(new window)

Luft, J. H. (1973) Compounding of Luft's epon embedding medium for use in electron microscopy with reference to anhydride: epoxide ratio adjustment, Mikroskopie. 29, 337-342

Locascio, S. J., Olson, S. M. and Rhoads, F. M. (1989) Water quantity and time of N and K application for trickle-irrigated tomatoes, J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 114, 265-268

Kimball, B. A., Kobayashi, K. and Bindi, M. (2002) Responses of agricultural crops to free-air $CO_2$ enrichment, Adv. in Agron. 77, 293-367 crossref(new window)

Hull, H. M. (1952) Carbohydrate translocation in tomato and sugar beet with particular reference to temperature effect, Am. J. of Botany. 39, 661-669 crossref(new window)

Wand, S. J. E., Midgley, G. F., Jones, M. H. and Curtis, P. S. (1999) Responses of wild $C_4$ and $C_3$ grasses (Poaceae) species to elevated atmospheric $CO_2$ concentration: a meta-analytic test of current theories and perceptions, Global Change Biol. 5, 723-741 crossref(new window)

Daepp, M., Suter, D., Almedia, J. P. F., Isopp, H., Hartwig, U., Frehner, M., Blum, H., Nosberger, J. and Luscher, A. (2000) Yield responses of Lolium perenne swards to free-air $CO_2$ enrichment increased over six years in a high N input system on fertile soil, Global Change Biol. 6, 805-816 crossref(new window)

Hebeisen, T., Luscher, A., Zanetti, S., Fisher, B. U., Hartwig, U., Frehner, M., Hendry, G. R., Blum, H. and Nosberger, J. (1997) Growth responses of Trifolium repens L. and Lolium perenne L. as monocultures and bi-species mixture to free-air $CO_2$ enrichment and management, Global Change Biol. 3, 149-160 crossref(new window)

Jongen, M., Jones, M. B., Hebeisen, T., Blum, H. and Hendrey, G. (1995) The effect of elevated $CO_2$ concentrations on the root growth of Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens grown in a FACE system, Global Change Biol. 1, 361-371 crossref(new window)

Fock, H., Canvin, D. T. and Grant, B. R. (1971) Effects of oxygen and carbon dioxide on photosynthetic $O_2$ evolution and $CO_2$ uptake in sunflower and Chlorella, Photosythetica. 5, 389-394

Hellmuth, E. O. (1971) The effect of varying air-$CO_2$ level, leaf temperature, and illuminance on the $CO_2$ exchange of the dwarf pea, Pisium sativa L. var. Meteor, Photosythetica. 5, 190-194

Holly, W. D. (1970) $CO_2$ enrichment for flower production, Trans. Am. Soc. Agr. Eng. 13, 257-258 crossref(new window)

Kretchman, D. W. and Howlett, F. S. (1970) $CO_2$ enrichment for vegetable production, Trans. Am. Soc. Agr. Eng. 13, 252-256 crossref(new window)

Adams, S. R., Cokshull, K. E. and Cave, C. R. J. (2001) Effect of temperature on the growth and development of tomato fruits, Annals of Bot. 88, 869-877 crossref(new window)

Knecht, G. N. and O'Leary, J. W. (1974) Increased tomato fruit development by $CO_2$ enrichment, J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 99, 214-216

Lohar, D. P. and Peat, W. E. (1998) Floral characteristics of heat-tolerance and heat-sensitive tomato cultivars at high temperature, Scientia Horticulturae. 73, 53-60 crossref(new window)

Iwahori, S. (1966) High temperature injuries in tomato V. Fertilization and development of embryo with special reference to the abnormalities caused by high temperature, J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 33, 379-388

Stevens, M. A. and Rudich, J. (1978) Genetic potential for overcoming physiological limitations on adaptability, yield, and quality in the tomato, HortSci. 673-678

Kinet, J. M. and Peet, M. M. (1997) Tomato, pp. 207-258. In: Wien, H. C. (Ed.), The Physiology of Vegetable Crops. Commonwealth Agricultural Breau (CAB) International, Wallinford, UK

Havaux, M., Greppin, H. and Strasser, R. (1991) Functioning of photosystem I and II in pea leaves exposed heat stress in the presence or absence of light, Analysis using in vivo fluorescence, absorbance, oxygen and photoacoustic measurements, Planta. 186, 88-98

Aung, L. H. (1976) Effects of photoperiod and temperature on vegetative and reproductive responses of Lycoperisicon esculentum Mill., J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 101, 358-360