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The Role of Organic Amendments with Different Biodegradability in Ammonia Volatilization during Composting of Cattle Manure
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 Title & Authors
The Role of Organic Amendments with Different Biodegradability in Ammonia Volatilization during Composting of Cattle Manure
Lim, Sang-Sun; Park, Hyun-Jung; Lee, Sun-Il; Lee, Dong-Suk; Kwak, Jin-Hyeob; Choi, Woo-Jung;
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This study was conducted to investigate the roles of co-existed organic materials (OM) with different biodegradability in composting of cattle manure in terms of emission and volatilization. Either sawdust (SD, low biodegradability) or rice bran (RB, high biodegradability) was mixed with cattle manure at a various rate and the amounts of emission and volatilization were determined periodically during 4 weeks of composting. Percentage of dry matter loss during the composting period was also calculated. The amount of emitted increased with increasing rate of OM and was significantly (P<0.01) higher in the RB treatment than in the SD treatment by 43 to 122% depending on the rate of OM Accordingly, % of dry matter loss during 4 weeks of composting was higher in the RB (rang: from 35.1 % to 41.5%) than that in the SD treatments (from 18.7% to 22.6%), showing that RB is more biodegradable than SD. During the early composting period up to 8 days, negligible amount of ammonia volatilization was detected in both treatments regardless of application rates. In the RB treatment, substantial amount of ammonia volatilization was detected thereafter, however, no meaningful ammonia volatilization was observed in the SD treatment until the end of composting. Such differences could be attributed to the different properties of SD and RB. For example, the high C/N ratio of SD could enhance immobilization and thus decrease concentration that is susceptible to ammonia volatilization. Binding of on to phenolic compounds of SD may also contribute to the decrease in concentration. Meanwhile, as RB has a relatively low C/N ratio, remineralization of immobilized could increase concentration as high as the level for the occurrence of ammonia volatilization. Therefore, our study suggests that OM which is resistant to biodegradation can reduce volatilization largely by physico-chemical pathways across the entire composting period and that easily biodegradable OM can retard volatilzation via microbial immobilization in the early period of composting followed by rapid remineralization, leading to substantial volatilization of in the middle stage of composting.
Composting process;N volatilization;rice bran;sawdust;
 Cited by
시설상추 생산체계에 대한 top-down 방식 전과정평가,유종희;김계훈;소규호;이길재;김건엽;이덕배;

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