Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Nitrogen Uptake by Chinese Cabbage and Soil Chemical Properties as Affected by Successive Application of Chicken Manure Compost
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Nitrogen Uptake by Chinese Cabbage and Soil Chemical Properties as Affected by Successive Application of Chicken Manure Compost
Yun, Hong-Bae; Park, Woo-Kyun; Lee, Sang-Min; Kim, Suk-Chul; Lee, Yong-Bok;
  PDF(new window)
Applying livestock manure compost to soil can enhance soil fertility and crop productivity. However, little information is available on the effect of continuous application of manure compost on crop growth in Korea. The object of this study was to investigate the residual and continuous application effect of chicken manure compost on chinese cabbage yield and soil chemical properties. The experiment was conducted in the pot () without bottom buried in the soil and set up in a completely randomized design with three replication. The treatment consists of chemical fertilizer with nitrogen (NPK, 320-78-198 kg/ha) and without nitrogen (PK, 0-78-198 kg/ha), and chicken manure compost at a rate corresponding to 320 (COM1) and 640 (COM2) kg N/ha. This experiment was carried out for three cropping seasons with chinese cabbage. Chemical fertilizer, NPK and PK, was applied every cropping season. In the first cropping season, compost was applied in nine pots (COM-A). In the second cropping season, compost was applied in the six pots of COM-A (COM-AA) and in three pots of COM-A compost was not applied (COM-AN). In next cropping season, compost was applied in the three pots of COM-AA (COM-AAA) and in the other three pots of COM-AA compost was not applied (COM-AAN). COM-AN pots remained without compost application in the third cropping season (COM-ANN). Yields of chinese cabbage of COM1-AAA and COM2-AAA were reached 78 and 96% as compared with NPK, and nitrogen utilization rate was about 85% (COM1-AAA) and 97% (COM2-AAA) as compared with NPK Residual N uptake rates during the second and third cropping season after compost application at the first cropping season were 49.7 (COM1-AN) and 35.6% (COM1-ANN) in COM1, and 56.9 (COM2-AN) and 37.4% (COM2-ANN) in COM2 compared with NPK treatment After three cropping seasons, soil pH and contents of available phosphorus, exchangeable potassium and soil organic matter were increased with continuous application of chicken manure compost.
Nitrogen uptake;Chicken manure compost;Soil chemical properties;
 Cited by
밭토양 조건에서 유박과 아미노산 비료의 질소 무기화량 추정,임종욱;김송엽;윤영은;김장환;이상범;이용복;

한국유기농업학회지, 2015. vol.23. 4, pp.867-873 crossref(new window)
천연 Zeolite를 이용한 시설재배지 토양의 염류제거 효과,위치도;리준시;김홍림;손보균;

한국토양비료학회지, 2010. vol.43. 5, pp.552-557
Effects of organic matter sources on nitrogen supply potential in arable land, CNU Journal of Agricultural Science, 2015, 42, 4, 431  crossref(new windwow)
Reganold, J. P. (1988) Comparison of soil properties as influenced by organic and conventional farming systems. Am. J. Alternative Agric. 3, 144-155 crossref(new window)

Sommerfeldt, T. G., Chang, C. and Entz, T. (1988) Long-term annual manure applications increase soil organic matter and nitrogen, and decrease carbon to nitrogen ratio. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 52, 1668-1672 crossref(new window)

Clark, M. S., Horwath, W. R., Shennan, C. and Scow, K. M. (1998) Changes in soil chemical properties resulting from organic and low input farming practices. Agron. J. 90, 662-671 crossref(new window)

Grandy, A. S., Porter, G. A. and Erich, M. S. (2002) Organic amendment and rotation crop effects on the recovery of soil organic matter and aggregation in potato cropping systems. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 66, 1311-1319 crossref(new window)

Eghball, B. and Power, J. F. (1999) Composted and noncomposted manure application to conventional and no-tillage systems: Corn yield and nitrogen uptake. Agron. J. 91, 819-825 crossref(new window)

Eghball, B. and Power, J. F. (1999) Phosphorusand nitrogen-based manure and compost applications: Corn production and soil properties. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 63, 895-901 crossref(new window)

Mastsi, T., Lithourgidis, A. S. and Gagianas, A. A. (2003) Effects of injected liquid cattle manure on growth yield of winter wheat and soil characteristics. Agron. J. 95, 592-596 crossref(new window)

Cherney, D. J. R., Cherney, J. H. and Mikhailova, E. A. (2002) Orchardgrass and tall fescue utilization of nitrogen from diary manure and commercial fertilizer. Agron. J. 94, 405-412 crossref(new window)

Kim, P. J., Lee, S. M., Yun, H. B., Park, Y. H., Lee, J. Y. and Kim, S. C. (2000) Characteristics of phosphorus accumulation in organic farming fields. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 33, 234-241

Shin, Y. K., Lee, Y. H. and Hwang, K. N. (1994) Annual reach report. NlAST, Suwon

Lee, Y. J., Choi, D. H., Kim, S. H, Lee, S. M., Lee, Y. H., Lee, B. M. and Kim, K. M. (2004) Longterm changes in soil chemical properties in organic arable farming systems in Korea. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 37, 228-234

Schlegel, A. J. (1992) Effect of composted manure on soil chemical properties and nitrogen use by grain sorghum. J. Prod. Agric. 5, 153-157 crossref(new window)

Gao, G. and Chang, C. (1996) Changes in CEC and particle size distribution of soils associated with long-term annual application of cattle feedlot manure. Soil Sci. 161, 115-120 crossref(new window)

Chang, C., Sommerfeldt, T. G. and Entz, T. (1991) Soil chemistry after eleven annual application of cattle feedlot manure. J. Environ. Qual., 20, 474-480

Chang, C. and Janzen, H. H. (1996) Long-term fate of nitrogen from annual feedlot manure application, J. Environ. Qual. 25, 785-790 crossref(new window)

농촌진흥청 (2007) 가축분뇨 자원화 연구동향 및 향후 연구 추진 방향 분석

농업과학기술원 (2008) 농업환경연구 업무편람. p. 152-159

NIAST (1999) Fertilization standard on crops, National Institute Agriculture Science & Technology. Suwon

NIAST (2000) The methods of soil and plant analysis. National Institute Agriculture Science & Technology. Suwon

農林水産省 (1985) 農耕地 有機物施用技術. 農林水産省農業硏究編. p. 51

Kinoshita, T, Takei, A. and Arisawa, M. (1986) Studies on the method of application of animal manures mixed with sawdust to vegetables, Agricultural research center Japan. 18, 142-150

Park, C. S. (1978) Effects of organic material application on the growth and yield of crops in Korea. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 11, 175-193