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Characteristics of Pesticide Runoff and Persistence on Agricultural Watersheds in Korea
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 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Pesticide Runoff and Persistence on Agricultural Watersheds in Korea
Park, Byung-Jun; Kwon, Oh-Kyung; Kim, Jin-Kyoung; Kim, Jin-Bea; Kim, Jin-Ho; Yoon, Soon-Kang; Shim, Jae-Han; Hong, Moo-Gi;
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To evaluate the exposure of non-point source pesticide pollution in agricultural watershed and to investigate pesticide distribution and runoff from agricultural land, paddy field, upland and orchard, this experiment was carry out during crop growing seasons. The pesticide were detected twenty pesticides fungicide 4, insecticide 10, herbicide 6) in water of Neungchon agricultural watershed and detection concentrations were range 0.0087.59 ppb. Most of the detection pesticides were using pesticides to rice paddy fields to control fungi, insects, weeds. During the crop cultivation, the pesticide were detected total thirty pesticides by pepper field soil 6, orchard soil 4, sesame field soil 3 and rice paddy field soil 5, and pesticide concentrations were range 0.0010.109 ppm. Especially the herbicides were detected mainly in May and June in the stream water. The pesticide were detected thirty pesticides by fungicide 2, insecticide 6, herbicide 5 in water of Jungam Koseong agricultural watershed and detection concentrations were range 0.017.21 ppb. In regard to the detected pesticides, the concentration of individual pesticides measured in surface water of the study areas never exceeded guidelines for agriculture chemicals concerning water quality-effluent from paddy fields in Japan (Katayama, 2003). Runoff rate of pesticides was range 0.073.06 % from Kongju agricultural land to watershed after applied pesticides.
Pesticide;Run off;Residue;Agricultural Land;Watershed;
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